Rumex obtusifolius is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). These leaves do have a bitter taste, especially the older they become. It is a member of the Polygonaceae (buckwheat or dock) family. Now, for those who are generally healthy and don't eat large quantities of dock on a regular basis, it should be fine. They are similar in appearance to the basal leaves, although somewhat shorter in length and more narrow and their petioles are shorter. R. crispusas the name suggests has wavy, curled leaf edges with wedge-shaped leaves. This article deals predominantly with Rumex crispus; Curly Dock, and R. obtusifolius; Bitter Dock. Known Hazards Plants can contain quite high levels of oxalic acid, which is what gives the leaves of many … There are a number of rumex species, but the most common and well known is Rumex crispus. Used for their leaves and seeds are: Rumex rispus, Rumex obtusifolius (also called Butter Dock because it was used to wrap butter) Rumex patientia, Rumex pulcher, and Rumex sanguineus. Look for the tall, dark brown, branched flower stalks that produced the prior year's seed crop. Miscellaneous: Large genus of 200 species containing both useful plants grown for their edible leaves in soups and sauces (e.g., Common Sorrel: Rumex acetosa), and to wrap butter (Butter Dock: (Rumex obtusifolius) and all out weeds such as Dock. Aims: The purpose of this study was to measure antioxidant enzyme (polyphenol oxidase, peroxidase, catalase and superoxide dismutase) activities of crude extract of Rumex obtusifolius L. in order to gain insight about this plant’s antioxidant potential. This herbaceous plant usually grows between 60 and 90 cm (2-3') tall. It was only recently that I discovered you could eat dock stems. Both curly and broad-leaved dock are edible at several stages. In spring, before they become old, blotched, dull, chewed full of holes and bitter withal, the leaves are edible. I’ll focus on these, with which I have lived in a number of gardens. Curled Dock. What Are Dandelions? Leaves with markedly wavy-margins. IV. Dock (Rumex crispus – curly dock and Rumex obtusifolius – broad-leaved dock) Curly-leafed dock (Rumex crispus). Ingredients. Bitter dock is a perennial herbaceous plant that is found in many countries. Appearance. Boil or saute dock greens to make the most of their flavor. Broad-leaved dock (Rumex obtusifolius) is relatively high in phosphate and potassium levels in … The plant forms muti-stems that bear the leaves. He completely failed to mention most of them are so bitter it would take days of boiling to make them palatable, if ever. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Pick two to six youngest of the leaves at the center of each clump. Rumex obtusifolius used to be called butter dock because its large leaves were used to wrap and conserve butter. Patience dock (R. patientia) was once cultivated as a vegetable in both the USA and Europe and is still grown as such by a small number of gardeners. Edible weed #5. Rumex obtusifolius – Bitter Dock or Broad Leaf Dock, as the name suggests, this type is generally quite bitter and has large broad leaves. Rumex Acetosella is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.3 m (1ft) by 1 m (3ft 3in) at a fast rate. Bitter dock is native to many areas or Europe, Asia (including Japan), and Greenland. Rumex hastatulus, or Heartwing Sorrel, is an annual or short-lived perennial herb-like plant, erect, weedy, with leaves that are mainly basal, alternate, and simple. If a plant with tasty foliage but tough midribs is found, remove the midrib from the leaf before cooking. The edges of the leaves are slightly wavy; and the upper surface is hairless. Common names are tricky for that very reason; they change from place to place. Some people will cook leaves in at least one change of water in order to reduce the bitterness. hymenosepalus (wild rhubarb) is common in the desert in the American Southwest.It is larger and more succulent than many other docks. During winter months, bitter dock coils up having undersized shady leaves and a solid taproot. Rumex obtusifolius, Broad-leaf Dock, is common in the Blue Mountains and many other parts of Australia. Rumex obtusifolius on the New England Wildflower Society’s GoBotany site. I came across a very showy patch during a recent outing in Howard County. Though dock’s large taproots look appetizing, they’re quite bitter. Gastronomically there is a great divide in the Rumex family. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. As the bitter dock emerges it consists of a rosette of basal leaves, from which one or more flowering stalks develop. Rumex species are important edible and medicinal plants used in Armenian traditional medicine. Appearance. It was also introduced to many areas of Central America, South America, Australia (including Tasmania), and New Zealand. Rumex.N. Family. Dock (Rumex crispus – curly dock and Rumex obtusifolius – broad-leaved dock) Curly-leafed dock (Rumex crispus). Shortly after this plant has been trampled or mowed, it sends up new shoots and frequent rejuvenation may even result. Additionally, larger petioles may be tough but pleasantly sour. R. crispus as the name suggests has wavy, curled leaf edges with wedge-shaped leaves. Rumex obtusifolius (Bitter Dock) Plant Info; Also known as: Broad-leaved Dock ... is an uncommon weed of moist, disturbed soils but is likely under-reported in Minnesota. For those who are nervous about this, err on the side of caution. Some of the lower leaves have red stems. This weed may be confused with Broadleaf Dock (Rumex obtusifolius). Dock edible parts/uses: The leaves of dock plants are edible. Bitter dock grows in a variety of areas but tends to prefer shady areas with moist soils. ), please check the links and invasive species pages for additional resources. The fruit of the plant is reddish brown. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. These often remain standing over winter and new growth will emerge from the base of the stalk. Scientifically, Rumex is an edible plant that has many uses. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. Rumex Rumex Species R. obtusifolius - R. obtusifolius is a rosette-forming, deciduous perennial with large, oval, edible, mid-green leaves and, from early summer to early autumn, erect, leafy stems bearing large clusters of racemes of small, green flowers turning red when mature. Leaves with markedly wavy-margins. I’ll focus on these, with which I have lived in a number of gardens. of stem bases."N. "Rumex obtusifolius is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). Wild food can help treat various medical conditions. Edible parts of some nominally “edible” plants require special preparation to be edible. If using raw leaves, avoid excessive mucilage by removing the leaf stem (petiole) and using only the actual leaves in salads. By definition a weed is a plant that is growing in the wrong place. Rumex patientia – Patience dock or Monk’s Rhubarb, this species is mild and is eaten as a vegetable in southern and eastern Europe. They can also be dried for later use. & Koch is a rare, partially sterile, hybrid dock known from MA, ME, NH, RI, VT. Its sterility manifests as fruiting perianths of different shapes and sizes on the same plant. Young leaves are edible fresh or cooked. Young leaves are edible fresh or cooked. Eaten for their tart flavor are: Rumex acetosa, Rumex acetosella, Rumex aquaticus var. Yellow Dock. It is larger and more succulent than many other docks. In this 2 part video series Frank Cook discusses the many uses of edible Dock (Rumex spp.) It is in flower from May to August, and the seeds ripen from July to September. This plant has a long taproot that enables it survive long drought periods and out competes other vegetation. fenestratus, Rumex articus , Rumex paucifolius, Rumex rugosus , Rumex sagittatus, Rumex vesicarius , and Rumex scutatus . Rumex obtusifolius on Plants for a Future, a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants The stems branch at the top and the plant reaches a height of 18 inches. Small, greenish white flowers appear on tall spikes. Makes about 35 mini puddings or one clonker. Curly Dock – Rumex crispus. Edible weed #5. They are excellent in stir-fries, soups, stews, egg dishes, and even cream cheese. Are oblong-ovate, slightly ribbed, and glabrous ; they are similar in to! 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