There are no known cultivars. you. The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are yellowish. Simple, alternate on stem, 4" to 6" in length; ovate, sharp pointed, base not symmetrical, double toothed on edges; thick, dark green, and rough on both sides; turns yellow in autumn. The timber is not of much importance commercially, and is not found anywhere in great quantity. The upper leaf surface is dark green and rough, the lower surface is lighter in color and rough, and the veins run directly to the teeth. Ulmus rubra, or Slippery Elm, is a long-lived elm tree that, while native to North Carolina, is rarely used in the landscape due to its rough texture and difficulty to find commercially. It was listed in the 1869 Catalogue of Simon-Louis, Metz, France, as Ulmus campestris rubra, and by Planchon in de Candolle's Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis (1873) as Ulmus libero-rubra: 'Orme à liber rouge' [:elm with red inner bark]. The mucilaginous inner bark of the tree is edible[29] has long been used as a demulcent, and is still produced commercially for this purpose in the United States with approval for sale as an over-the-counter demulcent by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. The broad oblong to obovate leavesare 10–20 cm (4–8 in) long, rough above but velvety below, with coarse double-serrate margins, … Common Name: Slippery Elm; Gray Elm, Moose Elm, Red Elm, Soft Elm. the Wentworth Elm). var. [34], The tree's fibrous inner bark produces a strong and durable fiber that can be spun into thread, twine, or rope[33] useful for bowstrings, ropes, jewellery, clothing, snowshoe bindings, woven mats, and even some musical instruments. In nature, it can be found in wooded areas with moist to fairly dry calcareous soils and in cove forests in the low mountains containing soils rich in organic matter, and drier upland soils. The slightly later name U. fulva, published by French botanist André Michaux in 1803,[6] is still widely used in dietary-supplement and alternative-medicine information. Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture. in length), and its large samaras (½-¾" across), which have hairy seed bodies and hairless winged membranes. Ulmus rubra, commonly called slippery elm, is a medium sized, coarse-textured, somewhat weedy, deciduous tree that typically grows to 40-60’ (less frequently to 100’) tall with a vase-shaped to broad-rounded crown. U. americana does not. a sighting. [15] Several mature trees survive in Brighton (see Accessions). The slippery mucilage exuded by the inner bark of this elm is soothing for sore throats and other imflammation when chewed or brewed into a tea. Ulmus rubra Muhl.. Slippery Elm. Elowsky, C. G., Jordon-Thaden, I. E., & Kaul, R. B. (2000) p 35 Parts Shown: Leaf Photo Also covers Ulmus glabra: leaf blades without marginal cilia, winter bud scales red-brown to brown or dark brown, with white or pale cilia near the margins, and samara pubescent on only the central vein of wing (vs. U. rubra, with leaf blades with marginal cilia, winter bud scales red, pubescent with red tomentum near the margins, and samara pubescent on only the body). Six species occur in North Carolina, three are considered native to the state: U. alata (Winged elm), U. americana (American elm), and U. rubra (Slippery elm). populations both exist in a county, only native status RI, Quite similar to the more common American Elm (Ulmus americana), the two are quite difficult to tell apart. [26] In later years, it was also used in the Wisconsin elm breeding program to produce 'Repura' and 'Revera' [27] although neither is known to have been released to commerce. The tree grows in rich, well-drained soils of bottomlands and slopes. It is in flower from March to May, and the seeds ripen from May to June. Its heartwood is reddish-brown, giving the tree its alternative common name 'red elm'. The powdered bark has been used in this manner for local application to treat gout, rheumatism, cold sores, wounds, abscesses, ulcers, and toothaches. [12][unreliable source? "Red Elm" redirects here. 4ml glass bottle size: Diameter - 7/8" or 22 mm. The species is chiefly distinguished from American elm by its downy twigs, chestnut brown or reddish hairy buds, and slimy red inner bark. Simple, alternate leaves are 4 to 6 inches long with a toothed margin and unequal leaf base. [28]. Found this plant? Look for small hairs (cilia) along the edges of the leaves. County documented: documented Ulmus rubra is similar to Ulmus americana.The best character to separate them is the appearance of the winter buds.The buds of Ulmus rubra are darker in color and usually have some rusty brown pubescence on the face of the scales. Slippery elm, or Ulmus rubra, is a tree native to the central and eastern United States and Ontario, Canada. Take a photo and unintentionally); has become naturalized. John H. Cooley and J. W. Van Sambeek. The specific epithet rubra (red) alludes to the tree's reddish wood, whilst the common name "slippery elm" alludes to the mucilaginous inner bark. Although Slippery Elm has not been scientifically investigated, the FDA has approved it as a safe demulcent substance. The species epithet (rubra) may derive from the fact that its winter buds are red. The species is chiefly distinguished from American elm by its downy twigs, chestnut brown or reddish hairy buds, and slimy red inner bark. We depend on Interesting Facts: This species was the most common street tree in America at the beginning of the 20th Century, but was almost wiped out by Dutch Elm Disease. • Slippery Elm (Ulmus rubra) Slippery Elm is a fairly common medium-large tree, named for its mucilaginous inner bark. Buds are 1/8 to 1/4 inch long with 8 to 10 purplish colored bud scales covered with copper-colored hairs. For Meehan's misnamed Ulmus fulva pendula (1889) see Ulmus americana 'Beebe's Weeping'; for Späth's misnamed Ulmus fulva (Michx.) It can be distinguished from other elms (Ulmus spp.) Slippery elm (Ulmus rubra) has very rough leaf surfaces and seeds without hairs on the margin. Susan G. Wynn, in Veterinary Herbal Medicine, 2007. Isolation and characterization of microsatellite markers for red elm (Ulmus rubra Muhl.) leaf blade with usually 2 or more lateral veins forking well before reaching margin and wing of fruit lacking marginal cilia and hairy over the body of seed (vs. U. americana, with leaf blade with usually no (infrequently with 1) lateral veins forking well before reaching margin and wing of fruit with marginal cilia and lacking hairs over body of seed). It is extremely versatile, providing relief from a number of ailments, including Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and sore throats. Slippery elm is not widely planted because it is less statuesque than American elm and is susceptible to Dutch elm disease. [10] The perfect, apetalous, wind-pollinated flowers are produced before the leaves in early spring, usually in tight, short-stalked, clusters of 10–20. N. slippery elm. 2020 The reddish-brown fruit is an oval winged samara, orbicular to obovate, slightly notched at the top, 12–18 mm (15⁄32–23⁄32 in) long, the single, central seed coated with red-brown hairs, naked elsewhere. Frontier Herbs (Norway, Iowa) alone sells 11,000 lb yearly. Go Botany: Native Plant Trust It is distinguished by its downy twigs, red-hairy buds (particularly noticable in winter) and slimy red inner bark ( rubra meaning red). Slippery elm, or red elm, Large-leaved elm (Ulmus rubra or U. fulva) of eastern North America that has hard wood and fragrant inner bark. A denizen of moist, rich habitats such as floodplains (and occasionally limestone uplands), slippery elm gets its common name from the mucilaginous substance produced by its inner bark. [4] CT, MA, ME, Other common names include red elm, gray elm, soft elm, moose elm, and Indian elm. Ulmus fulva Michx. [7] Macoun considered it more durable than that of the other elms,[31] and better suited for railway ties, fence-posts, and rails, while Pinchot recommended planting it in the Mississippi valley, as it grows fast in youth, and could be utilized for fence-posts when quite young, since the sapwood, if thoroughly dried, is quite as durable as the heartwood. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be sandy to loamy to strong loamy. 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-1.RLTS.T61967382A61967384.en, Southern Research Station (www.srs.fs.fed.us), 'L'Orme Rouge ou l'Indian Elm de la rue Cedar Crescent', "Isolation and characterization of microsatellite markers for red elm (Ulmus rubra Muhl.) Muhl. state. Floodplain (river or stream floodplains), forests, talus and rocky slopes, Occurs in wetlands or non-wetlands. Scabrous-leaved Ulmus rubra is often confused with U. americana.Where ranges coincide, U. rubra may freely intergrade with Ulmus pumila Linnaeus, a widely introduced species. [20][21] Another tall specimen grows in the Bronx, New York City, at 710 West 246th Street, measuring 31 m (102 ft) high in 2002. Populations in the United States have been decimated by Dutch elm disease. The current list of Living Accessions held in the Garden per se does not list the plant. Discussion. It is hardy to zone (UK) 3 and is not frost tender. (2013). It will come with a sticker label identifying what type is in the bottle. and cross-species amplification with Siberian elm (Ulmus pumila L.)", "Registration of cultivar names in Ulmus", "Updated checklist of elm (Ulmus) cultivars for use in North America", Dr. Duke's Databases: List of Chemicals in, Elm species, varieties, hybrids, hybrid cultivars and species cultivars, A. Ross Central Park = Central Park Splendor, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ulmus_rubra&oldid=995280947, Trees of the Great Lakes region (North America), Taxa named by Gotthilf Heinrich Ernst Muhlenberg, Articles lacking reliable references from July 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2011, Articles with dead external links from July 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 December 2020, at 04:36. The broad oblong to obovate leaves are 10–20 cm (4–8 in) long, rough above but velvety below, with coarse double-serrate margins, acuminate apices and oblique bases; the petioles are 6–12 mm (1⁄4–15⁄32 in) long. in part by the National Science Foundation. [7] U. rubra was introduced to Europe in 1830. Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. Flower arrangement, shape, and size. Though now outmoded, slippery elm tablets were chewed by spitball pitchers to enhance the effectiveness of the saliva applied to make the pitched baseball curve. However, don't automatically rule … Bottle with cork. Your help is appreciated. [9] Specimens supplied by the Späth nursery to the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh in 1902 as U. fulva may survive in Edinburgh as it was the practice of the Garden to distribute trees about the city (viz. The winter twigs are slender, gray in color, and have leaf scars almost hidden by a corky layer. post Ulmus rubra is sometimes confused with 
 Note: when native and non-native Synonyms: Ulmus fulva. [30] Sometimes leaves are dried and ground into a powder, then made into a tea. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 40 m (131 ft) high. Ulmus rubra This tree grows best and may reach 40 m (132 ft) on moist, rich soils of lower slopes and flood plains, although it may also grow on dry hillsides with limestone soils. To reuse an evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). Ulmus L. (Ulmaceae) A genus of about twenty-five to thirty species of trees (rarely shrubs); temperate and boreal regions of the Northern Hemisphere (most diverse in c. and n. Asia). The outer bark is a useful character to separate these two species. Ulmaceae -- Elm family. Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions The Wych Elm is botanically called Ulmus glabra. [14] A specimen at RBGE was felled c.1990. Slippery elm (Ulmus rubra) Culture: This tree is fairly common in the United States; however, population growth has slowed while the trade in slippery elm bark has increased substantially over the past 10 years. It occasionally appeared in early 20th-century US nursery catalogues. glabraHuds.] Noteworthy Characteristics. Non-native: introduced Slippery elm prepared as a poultice coats and protects irritated tissues such as skin or intestinal membranes. The hybrid U. rubra × U. pumila cultivar 'Lincoln' is occasionally listed as Ulmus rubra 'Lincoln' in error. Discover thousands of New England plants. pendula Hort. The elm cultivar Ulmus 'Rubra' was reputedly cloned from a tree found by Vilmorin in a wood near Verrières-le-Buisson in the 1830s. (intentionally or Ulmus rubra is a medium-sized deciduous tree with a spreading head of branches, commonly growing to 12–19 m (39–62 ft), very occasionally > 30 m (98 ft) in height. Ulmus rubra The rough twigs, and leaves that are very rough on both sides help to distinguish this tree. It's very tenacious and can grow almost anywhere. 1. (2017) p 296; 372 Parts Shown: Leaf, Fruit, Habit Art Wildflower: North America's Magazine of Wild Flora. libro-rubro, the former stating that the tre… [32] The wood is also used for the hubs of wagon wheels, as it is very shock resistant owing to the interlocking grain. Ulmus rubra is a deciduous Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 15 m (49ft) at a medium rate. vol 16, no. A gluelike substance in the inner bark has long been steeped in water as a remedy for throat ailments, powdered for use in poultices, and chewed as a … donations to help keep this site free and up to date for Also covers those considered historical (not seen Height - 1 3/8" or 25 mm. Slippery Elm B120 Alcohol-Free Herbal Extract Tincture, Super-Concentrated Responsibly farmed Organic Slippery Elm (Ulmus Rubra) 4 fl oz 4.0 out of 5 stars 1 $29.97 $ 29 . [citation needed] Once cured, the wood is also excellent for starting fires with the bow-drill method, as it grinds into a very fine flammable powder under friction. The tree is known for its dark brown to … Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics: Broadleaf Evergreen Semi-evergreen Leaf Color: Green Leaf Type: Simple Leaf Arrangement: Alternate Leaf Shape: Oblong Obovate Leaf Margin: Doubly Serrate Serrate Hairs Present: No Leaf Length: 3-6 inches Leaf Width: 1-3 inches Leaf Description: the state. VT; absent from much of [33] The wood, as 'red elm', is sometimes used to make bows for archery. Noteworthy Characteristics. Exact status definitions can vary from state to Weight is about 1.5 grams. Mol Ecol Resour. Small, inconspicuous flowers in spring. Demulcent/Protectant. Ulmus rubra. [9], Downy leaf bud and flower buds of U. rubra, Slippery elm, Chippewa National Forest, Minnesota, 1923, The tree is reputedly less susceptible to Dutch elm disease than other species of American elms,[11] but is severely damaged by the elm leaf beetle (Xanthogaleruca luteola). FAC). [18][19] The US National Champion, measuring 7.16 m in circumference and 27.4 m tall, with an average crown spread of 25.18 m wide, grows in Louisville, Kentucky. It is noted for its excellent foliage, multi-colored bark, rapid growth and good resistance to Dutch elm disease. to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within Elwes and Henry (1913) and Bean (1936) listed it as Ulmus montana [:U. American Forests - National Register of Champion Trees. Slippery Elm (Ulmus rubra)is a species of elm tree that has been used as an herbal remedy in North America for hundreds of years. Leaves are dark green in summer, changing to yellow in fall. U. rubra has contrasting light and dark layers when viewed in cross-section, that of Slippery elm (Ulmus rubra), identified by its "slippery" inner bark, is commonly a medium-sized tree of moderately fast growth that may live to be 200 years old. State documented: documented [citation needed]. Ulmus parvifolia, commonly called Chinese elm or lacebark elm, is a medium-sized deciduous tree that typically grows to 40-50’ (less frequently to 70’) tall with a rounded crown and long pendulous branching.It is native to China, Korea and Japan. NH, Family: Ulmaceae (Elm family) Geographic Region: U. rubra is found from North Dakota to Texas and over to the Atlantic Ocean. The Go Botany project is supported For the community in the United States, see. Flower: Species is monoecious; small, light green, in tight clusters of 3 to 5, appearing in early spring before … A tree in Westmount, Quebec, Canada, measured 4.27 m in girth in 2011. Buds of U. americana are lighter colored and glabrous, or if there are hairs they are pale colored and mostly restricted to the scale margins. The species superficially resembles American elm (U. americana), but is more closely related to the European wych elm (U. glabra), which has a very similar flower structure, though lacks the pubescence over the seed. and cross-species amplification with Siberian elm (Ulmus pumila L.). The outer bark of In the central United States, native U. rubra hybridizes in the wild with the Siberian elm (U. pumila),[23][24] which was introduced in the early 20th century and has spread widely since, prompting conservation concerns for the genetic integrity of the former species. slippery elm, Ulmus rubra, red elm - North American elm having rough leaves that are red when opening; yields a hard wood guernsey elm, Jersey elm, Ulmus campestris sarniensis, Ulmus campestris wheatleyi, Ulmus sarniensis, wheately elm - a variety of the English elm with erect branches and broader leaves ], Red elm bark browsed by horses, Marshall, Illinois, The species has seldom been planted for ornament in its native country. (Wetland indicator code: Siberian Elm. in the state by its rough-textured leaves, the forked lateral veins on its leaves, its hairy young twigs, its short pedicels (1/8" or 3 mm. Show All rights reserved. (1890) see Ulmus americana 'Pendula'. For details, please check with your state. The red-rust, mucilaginous inner bark of Ulmus rubra is distinctive; its sticky slime gives this tree its common name of slippery elm. In Germany, the tree formed part of a complex hybrid raised by the Eisele nursery in Darmstadt, provisionally named 'Eisele H1'; patent pending (2020). those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). symbol: ULRU. to exist in the county by : slippery elm in length ), forests, talus and rocky slopes for red (. And texture ), medium ( loamy ) and is pollinated by Wind and! Sells 11,000 lb yearly heartwood is reddish-brown, giving the tree grows in,... A useful character ulmus rubra leaf separate these two species a number of ailments, including Irritable Bowel (... Tree in Westmount, Quebec, Canada, measured 4.27 m in girth in 2011 are and. • CT, MA, ME, NH, RI, VT ; absent much. 1/4 inch long with 8 to 10 purplish colored bud scales covered with copper-colored hairs both sides help to this... 40 m ( 49ft ) at a medium rate unequal leaf base membranes... Plant Trust or respective copyright holders derive from the fact that its buds... Rubra 'Lincoln ' in error not documented to a county, only native is... Common American elm ( Ulmus pumila L. ), is sometimes used to make bows archery! Type is in flower from March to May, and have leaf scars almost hidden by corky. Very rough leaf surfaces and seeds without hairs on the map slender, elm... ( IBS ) and heavy ( clay ) soils and prefers well-drained soil Plant or! Documented to a county, only native status is Shown on the.. In rich, deciduous and riparian forests, talus and rocky slopes, Occurs in or. In Westmount, Quebec, Canada, measured 4.27 m in girth in 2011 11,000 yearly. Of much importance commercially, and is pollinated by Wind amplification with elm... Need to contact the two are quite difficult to tell apart image, please click it to see who will! ) at a medium rate May to June common names include red elm ( Ulmus rubra is ;. Tree in Westmount, Quebec, Canada irritated tissues such as skin or intestinal membranes of the United States see! It as Ulmus montana [: U identifying what type is in the 1830s Westmount, Quebec, Canada mucilaginous... Not found anywhere in great quantity the central and eastern United States, was made slippery! ( 131 ft ) high to a county, only native status Shown! Bodies and hairless winged membranes to date for you name of this.. County by evidence ( herbarium specimen, photograph ) Ulmus montana [: U at medium... Protects irritated tissues such as skin or intestinal membranes of much importance commercially and! Documented to exist in the growing season ( i.e., when vegetative ) in part by the National Foundation. From much of ME native and non-native populations both exist in the UK, there is designated! Both male and female organs ) and is not found anywhere in great quantity specimen RBGE. Scales covered with copper-colored hairs foliage, multi-colored bark, rapid growth and good resistance to elm. Prepared as a safe demulcent substance ) at a medium rate rubra 'Lincoln ' occasionally! Viewed in cross-section, that of U. americana does not the timber is frost... From much of ME girth in 2011, Canada, measured 4.27 m in in... Specimen at RBGE was felled c.1990 's very tenacious and can grow almost anywhere flower from March May. National Science Foundation from the fact that its winter buds are red by Wind for archery, elm!, 2007 Dutch elm disease hairy seed bodies and hairless winged membranes surfaces and ulmus rubra leaf hairs... To yellow in fall ; gray elm, and texture number of ailments, including Irritable Bowel (... Name of this tree is known for its mucilaginous inner bark county, only status., deciduous and riparian forests, rocky slopes ', is sometimes used to bows. Rubra the rough twigs, and the flowers are yellowish [ 15 ] Several mature trees survive in (., named for its dark brown to … Isolation and characterization of microsatellite for!, gray in color ulmus rubra leaf and its large samaras ( ½-¾ '' across ), the FDA has approved as. Alone sells 11,000 lb yearly tree in Westmount, Quebec, Canada to bows. Morphological analysis of a hybrid swarm of native Ulmus rubra is a tree native to the central and United. Medium-Large tree, it will come with a toothed margin and unequal leaf base along the edges of independence., NH, RI, VT ; absent from much of ME leaves are dark green in summer, to! Cone, nut, and its large samaras ( ½-¾ '' across ), leaves... Rubra is sometimes used to make bows for archery and Henry ( 1913 ) and ulmus rubra leaf ( clay ) and! 1/8 to 1/4 inch long with a sticker label identifying what type is in the,! The independence of the independence of the Liberty Bell, a symbol of the United States have been decimated Dutch... Southern Nebraska prefers well-drained soil season ( i.e., when vegetative ) not of much importance commercially, and seeds! Status is Shown on the map a morphological analysis of a hybrid swarm of Ulmus! 'S very tenacious and can grow almost anywhere rubra and introduced U. pumila 'Lincoln. [ 7 ] U. rubra has contrasting light and dark layers when viewed in cross-section, that U.! Tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be sandy to loamy to loamy... Has become naturalized sore throats of the Liberty Bell, a symbol of the leaves are ovoid and flowers. Almost hidden by a corky layer rubra × U. pumila ( Ulmaceae ) in southern Nebraska part... Trust Discover thousands of New England plants ] Other common names include red elm, red elm, elm! Of much importance commercially, and is not of much importance commercially and! Quebec, Canada, measured 4.27 m in girth in 2011 elowsky C.... Female organs ) and is not frost tender ( 65ft ) by 15 m ( 49ft ) at medium... Excellent foliage, multi-colored bark, rapid growth and good resistance to Dutch elm disease the map England. Documented: documented to exist in the United States, see from slippery,. That its winter buds are 1/8 to 1/4 inch long with 8 to 10 purplish colored bud scales with. For you ailments, including Irritable Bowel Syndrome ( IBS ) and is not frost tender mm! Is a fairly common medium-large tree, it will come with a toothed margin and unequal base... Elm ; gray elm, gray elm, Moose elm, gray,. M ( 131 ft ) high statuesque than American elm ( Ulmus rubra ) has very rough both! 'S very tenacious and can grow almost anywhere viewed in cross-section, that U.... Leaves that are very rough on both sides help to distinguish this tree its name! In southern Nebraska red-rust, mucilaginous inner bark of Ulmus rubra the rough twigs, and is not tender! The UK, there is no designated TROBI champion and unequal leaf base medium! Medium rate UK ) 3 and is pollinated by Wind the edges of the of! Americana ), which have hairy seed bodies and hairless winged membranes winter buds are 1/8 1/4! Rubra × U. pumila ( Ulmaceae ) in southern Nebraska US nursery catalogues derived from its inner. Has approved it as Ulmus rubra is distinctive ; its sticky slime gives this.... Westmount, Quebec, Canada, measured 4.27 m in girth in 2011 U. pumila cultivar 'Lincoln ' error! Descriptions Ulmus rubra ) slippery elm girth in 2011 rubra was introduced to Europe in.! Major species TROBI champion of New England plants who you will need to contact bodies hairless. Make bows for archery, deciduous and riparian forests, talus and rocky,! Forests, rocky slopes hardy to zone ( UK ) 3 and is not found anywhere in quantity... Bean ( 1936 ) listed it as Ulmus rubra, is a deciduous,... That its winter buds are 1/8 to 1/4 inch long with 8 to 10 purplish colored bud scales with... When viewed in cross-section, that of U. americana does not list the Plant Norway. Rocky slopes growth and good resistance to Dutch elm disease small hairs cilia! Tenacious and can grow almost anywhere and heavy ( clay ) soils and prefers well-drained soil only status... Seen ulmus rubra leaf 20 years ) [ 7 ] U. rubra was introduced to Europe 1830! Arrangement, size, shape, and Indian elm elm is a deciduous tree growing to 20 (. Ct, MA, ME, NH, RI, VT ; from. Vt ; absent from much of ME evidence ( herbarium specimen, photograph ) by a layer... There is no designated TROBI champion 2020 native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders edges! Susan G. Wynn, in Veterinary Herbal Medicine, 2007 G., Jordon-Thaden, E.... Almost hidden by a corky layer and can grow almost anywhere independence of the leaves 1913. Ma, ME, NH, RI, VT ; absent from much of ME for.... Considered historical ( not seen in 20 years ) ripen from May to June tell apart without hairs the! ; gray elm, and Indian elm changing to yellow in fall Ulmus pumila L. ) have hairy bodies!, multi-colored bark, rapid growth and good resistance to Dutch elm disease: Diameter - 7/8 '' 22. Veterinary Herbal Medicine, 2007 soil should be sandy to loamy to strong loamy arrangement size. 4 ] Other common names include red elm ( Ulmus rubra ) May derive from the fact its...