New York Natural Heritage Program. Leatherleaf. It is present in most provinces of Canada. Chamaedaphne calyculata is a low-growing, upright dwarf shrub up to 1.5 m tall. Chamaedaphne calyculata. Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: In colder winter areas it may experience winter die-back. Connecticut Botanical Society. Leatherleaf. Retrieved 10 April 2017. PropagationSow seed in containers and overwinter in a cold frame. Leatherleaf viburnum is considered a large, rough textured, evergreen shrub, but in northern climates it will lose its leaves in late autumn and often suffers stem dieback in cold winters. This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. 506-507. Chamaedaphne calyculata. In late spring/early summer, when large clusters of electric blue grapes grace this plant, there is nothing more beautiful in the plant world. Updates? Effective evergreen spreading groundcover. In a row, they effectively screen unsightly walls or fences. Leatherleaf viburnum (Viburnum rhytidophyllum) is one of a number of attractive viburnum shrubs. The berries attract birds and last well into December. Eastern Region (Alfred A. Knopf, 2001), pp. Avid gardeners have an indepth knowledge about the flowering bushes, shrubs, and trees. The foliage often turns red-brown winter. C. calyculata occurs in Arctic regions and in North America as far south as Georgia. Online Conservation Guide for Medium Fen. New York State. Leatherleaf has limited medicinal uses. Birds of North America.  Subscription web site. Noteworthy CharacteristicsSelf-seeds modestly, and by the third year, the mother plant may die back. Charles H. Peck. Plants of North Elba. John Krichner and Gordon Morrison. A Field Guide to Eastern Forests (Houghton Mifflin Company, 1998), pp. Leatherleaf.  Chamaedaphne calyculata (L.) Moench. Great in hanging baskets. 2020. Butterflies of Canada. Leather leaf likes a continental climate, and in Finland it grows mainly inland in eastern Finland. Threatened. Native American Ethnobotany. In alpine zones, the plant is much smaller, forming a miniature shrub. Its rhizomes, which can extend to a foot below the ground, anchor it to even the quaking surface of a floating bog. Leatherleaf. The Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Online Conservation Guide for Alpine Sliding Fen. Online Encyclopedia of Life. Leatherleaf. New York Natural Heritage Program. The dark green shiny leaves are medium sized with deep veins running through them. Corrections? Leather-leaf. Shrubs of Wisconsin. Large clusters of white spring flowers add interest as well as ornamental fruit. The Leather leaf sedge is a dense clumping perennial comprised of striking orange-bronze colored blades that reach 2-3 ft. tall and have curly tips. Chamaedaphne calyculata - (L.)Moench. Leatherwood is an interesting, under-used native shrub with small yellow flowers in early spring before leaves emerge. University of Michigan. A really choice broadleaf evergreen shrub for Arkansas is the leatherleaf mahonia (Mahonia bealei). Ronald B. Davis. Plant identification by their leaves. Its rhizomes, which can extend to a foot below the ground, anchor it to even the quaking surface of a floating bog. Fill the pot with Yates Potting Mix with Dynamic Lifter which has been specially formulated to suit both indoor and outdoor plants. 2020. Remove the plant from the container, gently tease the roots and cut away any circled or tangled roots. Retrieved 9 January 2020. Older leaves are brownish bronze above and yellowish beneath. This plant is also known as Cassandra. Leatherleaf plants on High Peaks summits in the Adirondacks flower much later, usually in mid-June. Cut foliage adds attractive texture to floral arrangements. Field surveys during 2019 found RLL in 90 per cent of oat crops in the medium and high rainfall zones. Chamaedaphne calyculata, known commonly as leatherleaf or cassandra, is a perennial dwarf shrub in the plant family Ericaceae and the only species in the genus Chamaedaphne. 68, 124, Plate 5. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/leatherleaf. New York Natural Heritage Program. The flowers, which often appear while snow is still on the ground, are small, white, and bell-shaped. Wetland Status. Deep green, leathery textured fronds rising in dense clusters are perfect in informal gardens or as filler for shady beds. Thickets are dense with wiry stems and easier to walk around than through. The large clusters of fragrant white flowers are followed by … Threatened. It occurs in all counties within the Adirondack Park Blue Line. Use in mixed shrub borders or as a hedge. Maryland. 83-84. It forms large beds at the edges of swamps and boggy meadows. Second Edition (March 2014), pp.  53-54, 55-56, 60, 60-61, 61-62, 63-64, 65, 76. Retrieved 17 October 2015. Leather-leaf. CareGrow in fertile, moist or wet soil in sun or part shade. Leatherleaf has many branches and forms dense thickets. Leatherleaf Fern, Rumohra adianitiformis, are delicate looking, yet durable evergreen plants with glossy dark green foliage that can carpet the landscape in deep green color! Popped in several pots along a table these leather leaf ferns create a wall of texture in your home. Retrieved 9 January 2020. A very popular Sedge, Carex buchananii (Leatherleaf Sedge) is a tufted perennial grass with an evergreen foliage of narrow, copper-bronze leaves. leatherleaf. Online Conservation Guide for Inland Poor Fen. 2020. Leatherleaf, also called cassandra, (Chamaedaphne calyculata), evergreen shrub of the heath family (Ericaceae). Produces flat cymes of creamy white flowers in the spring and berries in early fall which first appear red and then change to a glossy black. Leaves are wrinkled, tomentose above and below This plant is difficult to find in commercial nurseries. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. 2020. Dr. Carmen Hijosa was once a leather expert — but in the 1990s, she discovered the high environmental impact of the leather industry, and set out to find a better solution than PVC. New York Natural Heritage Program. Wetland Status. Adirondack Upland Flora: An Ecological Perspective (Saranac, New York: The Chauncy Press, 1992), pp. American Wildlife & Plants. C. calyculata occurs in Arctic regions and in North America as far south as Georgia. Ferns, Woody Plants, and Graminoids(Trafford Publishing, 2010), pp. It is also seen on lake, pond, and stream shorelines. Retrieved 10 April 2017.Â. New York Natural Heritage Program. Chamaedaphne calyculata (L.) Moench. A Database of Foods, Drugs, Dyes and Fibers of Native American Peoples, Derived from Plants. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. It is commonly seen in cold, acidic bogs and forms large, spreading colonies. They are borne along arching, leafy shoots. Retrieved 9 January 2020. This disease is favoured by wet seasonal conditions. The fruit is a small, dry capsule. 2020. United States Department of Agriculture. Canadian Biodiversity Information Facility. The Partial sun. Leatherleaf viburnum is an evergreen shrub that can grow up to 10 to 15 feet high with a comparable spread. The name is also sometimes applied to a stiff-leaved fern. 2020. Leatherleaf forms a small, mound-shaped shrub up to three feet high. National Audubon Society. Field Guide to Wildflowers. It grows in swamps and bogs at the Paul Smiths VIC and other locations in the Adirondack Mountains and upstate New York. Leatherleaf forms a small, mound-shaped shrub up to three feet high. Our leaf leather gear is strong, durable, and water resistant. These Viburnums make a great evergreen hedge, privacy screen, or windbreak. In the Adirondack Park, Leatherleaf is found in several ecological communities, including: Leatherleaf can be found on trails that go through marshes and bogs. Leatherleaf can also be found growing on the summits of Adirondack mountains in the High Peaks region, including Marcy, Algonquin, Wright, Iroquois, Coldin, Haystack, Basin, Saddleback, Gothics, Dix, and Whiteface. NatureServe Explorer. Plants for a Future. Care. This often makes the leaves appear to alternate on the stem. This shrub prefers well-drained average to moist acidic soils. The upper surfaces of the leaf are dark green with a smooth sheen; the undersides have small brown scales.  Retrieved 10 April 2017. and elongated oval or elliptical in shape. Divide between spring and early summer. With a rounded, upright growth habit, it grows at a medium fast rate. Some groups used an infusion of leaves for fevers and a poultice of leaves for inflammations. The fresh or dried leaves of Leatherleaf have been used to make a tea-like beverage. Leatherleaf mahonia is a unique plant that looks like it could come from a Dr. Seuss book. Choose a spot indoors that is well lit but away from direct sunlight. Petals are often brightly colored or unusually shaped to attract pollinators. The leaves of the Leatherleaf are alternateAlternate: An arrangement of leaves (or buds) on a stem (or twig) in which the leaves emerge from the stem one at a time. are rolled up at the bottom. Retrieved 10 April 2017. The Book of Swamp and Bog: Trees, Shrubs, and Wildflowers of Eastern Freshwater Wetlands (Stackpole Books, 1995), pp. The striking color of this New Zealand Sedge makes it an outstanding addition to any sunny gardens. (edges) are very finely toothedToothed: Leaves which have a saw-toothed edge.. Online Conservation Guide for Dwarf Shrub Bog. A Guide to the Peatland Plants of the Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada (University Press of New England, 2016), pp. The name is also sometimes applied to a stiff-leaved fern. Leatherleaf is a member of the Heath Family (Ericaceae). A Guide to Wildlife Food Habits (New York: Dover Publications, 1951), pp. Aphids are possible. Meiyin Wu and Dennis Kalma. Wetland Plants of the Adirondacks. Take a look, and enrich your knowledge. Take a look, and enrich your knowledge. Planting Leatherleaf Viburnum Leatherleaf, (Chamaedaphne calyculata), evergreen shrub of the heath family (Ericaceae). Bright red berries appear after the flowers fade, gradually changing to shiny black. Older branches turn gray; and the texture of the bark becomes exfoliating. Maryland. Leather Leaf Fern Rumohra Adiantiformis is quite a mouthful so this textured beauty is better known as Leather Leaf Fern. Retrieved 10 April 2017. Dr. Michael Dirr, author of "Viburnums" notes that this shrub potentially attains a height 20 feet tall and 30 feet wide in ideal garden conditions in England. Retrieved 9 January 2020. Doug Ladd. North Woods Wildflowers (Falcon Publishing, 2001), p. 182. Bet you can’t guess why! Light green leaves turn a bright yellow color in autumn. (Bulletin of the New York State Museum, Volume 6, Number 28, June 1899).  Retrieved 22 February 2017. It grows in bogs and other wetland areas, as well as High Peaks summits, in the Adirondack Mountains of upstate New York. Chamaedaphne calyculata (L.) Moench. LEATHERLEAF FERN 75mm Pot. For that reason, it is recommended that the leaves be placed in a jar of cool water and left in a sunny position to make sun-tea. Common names are from state and federal lists. Viburnum rhytidophyllum, commonly called leatherleaf virbunum, is an evergreen shrub, which can ultimately reach a height of 6-10'. Chamaedaphne calyculata (Linnaeus) Moench. However, some reports indicate that a toxin called andromedotoxin can be released from the plant if it is infused in boiling water. 2020. The leaves are thick and leathery, dull green above with minute, silvery scales, and paler green or brownish beneath. The plant grows to about 1.2 metres (4 feet) in height. Leatherleaf Fern Rumohra adiantiformis, is a beautiful lacy groundcover with deep green evergreen fronds that is perfect for moist shady positions.Excellent as a cut foliage fern, this Australian native plant prefers a cool moist shaded spot and is ideal for a shady garden or pot. Botanical Name: Viburnum rhytidophyllum. Michael Kudish. William K. Chapman and Alan E. Bessette. Trees and Shrubs of the Adirondacks: A Field Guide (North Country Books, 1990), p. 95. Mallard; American Black Duck; Ring-necked Duck. Retrieved 10 April 2017. Wildlife Value of Leatherleaf. Illinois. 104-107. Ecological Communities of New York State. 108-109. Leatherleaf is often the first shrub to enter a bog after sphagnum is established; this plant frequently plays a major role in extending the bog mat. Retrieved 10 April 2017. The common name – Leatherleaf – is a reference to the plant's tough, leather-like leaf. This small shrub produces sprays of gray-green, holly-like leaves that extend from the stems in distinct horizontal layers. New York Natural Heritage Program. Online Conservation Guide for Sedge Meadow. Lake Colby Railroad Tracks (Saranac Lake), Jackrabbit Trail at River Road (Lake Placid), White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus), List of Adirondack Amphibians and Reptiles, Several features differentiate Leatherleaf from, Flower arrangement also helps distinguish Leatherleaf from, The plant is a minor part of winter browse for, Leatherleaf provides nesting cover for several bird species, including, At the Paul Smith's College VIC, Leatherleaf may be seen along the margins of Heron Marsh, from theÂ, Leatherleaf also grows on Barnum Bog, accessible from theÂ, Leatherleaf also grows in the marshy areas on the shore of Heart Lake, accessible from the. This small shrub produces sprays of gray-green, holly-like leaves that extend from the stems in distinct horizontal layers. Donald W. Stokes. The Natural History of Wild Shrubs and Vines.  Eastern and Central North America (Harper & Row, Publishers, 1981), pp. It works well as a ground cover plant and has been awarded the RHS award as a plant of garden merit. Leatherleaf has moderate wildlife value. Retrieved 10 April 2017. Alexander C. Martin, Herbert S. Zim, and Arnold L. Nelson. leatherleaf. Plant Guide. Leatherleaf can be found in the north-eastern part of the US, west to the Great Lakes states. Non-hardy. Native American Indian tribes reportedly used Leatherleaf to treat some ailments. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In late winter, leatherleaf mahonia blooms with clusters of fragrant yellow flowers. It is an evergreen that spends most of the winter above the snow-line. The fruits are round, reddish capsules. The name is also sometimes applied to a stiff-leaved fern. Retrieved 10 April 2017. NRCS National Plant Data Center & the Biota of North America Program. Large, semi-evergreen shrub with thick, leathery foliage. Light green leaves turn a bright yellow color in autumn. Online Conservation Guide for Red Maple-Tamarack Peat Swamp. A tally of flowering dates for the upland Adirondack areas compiled by Michael Kudish, based on data collected from the early seventies to the early nineties, lists the flowering time as 9 through 19 May in upland areas. In late winter, leatherleaf mahonia blooms with clusters of fragrant yellow flowers. Online Conservation Guide for Patterned Peatland. The Leatherleaf Viburnum is an evergreen shrub native to China. They are somewhat leathery in appearance. Leatherleaf is found in nearly all counties in New York State. Retrieved 9 January 2020. Retrieved 9 January 2020. How to grow leather leaf fern in a pot. The plant is a minor part of … Online Conservation Guide for Open Alpine Community. Of its three contemporary, and of similar habit, evergreen bog shrubs— Andromeda glaucophllum, Kalmia polifolia and Rhododendron groenlandicum ?Leather-leaf is the most common forming large clonal thickets in open wetlands from the Anoka Sandplains north. The Plants Database. Bogs & Fens. in one-sided, spike-like clusters. leatherleaf. Attractive erect stems hold terminal clusters of fragrant yellow blooms followed by powder-blue to black grape-like fruit clusters. The leathery, narrow leaves of this plant give it its common name, leatherleaf. Read this article on shrub identification of leaf, and get the different types of leaf anatomy for various shrubs. Online Conservation Guide for Pine Barrens Vernal Pond. In spring, fragrant creamy-white flowers bloom in clusters. They eventually turn brown, persisting through winter. Adirondack Alpine Summits: An Ecological Field Guide (Adirondack Mountain Club, Inc., 2006), p. 61. The genus name (Chamaedaphne) comes from the Greek meaning "ground laurel." In spring, Leatherleaf produces nodding white flowers, which are about ¼ inch long and hang from the upper leaf axilsAxil: The angle between the upper side of a leaf or stem and the stem or branch that supports it. Callophrys augustinus. Retrieved 9 January 2020. Leatherleaf (Chamaedaphne calyculata) is a native evergreen shrub which produces small, bell-shaped white flowers in spring. The stems are covered with tiny brownish scales.  Brown Elfin. Leatherleaf is classified as an obligate (OBL) wetland species, meaning that it almost always occurs in wetlands. Leatherleaf, (Chamaedaphne calyculata), evergreen shrub of the heath family (Ericaceae). The leaves and blooms are showy and the bright red berries can last into winter. Department of Environmental Conservation. The Leatherleaf Viburnum or Viburnum rhytidophyllum is an attractive flowering shrub with large green leaves that have the texture of leather. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The leaf stems are fuzzy brown. New York Natural Heritage Program. 2020. Fire Effects Information System (FEIS).  Species Reviews. Leatherleaf usually blooms in the Adirondack region in late April or May, depending on the weather. Leatherleaf (Chamaedaphne calyculata) is a native evergreen shrub which produces small, bell-shaped white flowers in spring. A very popular Sedge, Carex buchananii (Leatherleaf Sedge) is a tufted perennial grass with an evergreen foliage of narrow, copper-bronze leaves. Omissions? United States Department of Agriculture. This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. William K. Chapman, et al. Wildflowers of New York in Color (Syracuse University Press, 1998), pp. Growing both as a terrestrial fern and an epiphytic fern, Rumohra adiantiformis spreads naturally by creeping rhizomes. Nancy G. Slack and Allison W. Bell. To 3 feet tall and wide. Common names are from state and federal lists. C. calyculata occurs in Arctic regions and in North America as far south as Georgia. Lawrence Newcomb. Newcomb's Wildflower Guide (Little Brown and Company, 1977), pp. It is well adapted to sunny garden locations and is often mixed with flowering perennials to provide … Continue reading "Leather leaf sedge" The leatherleaf viburnum’s creamy white blossoms never fail, even when the shrub is planted in the shade. Easy to grow and adaptable to many growing conditions. Leatherleaf viburnums are upright shrubs that are especially attractive in a shrub grouping or as a background planting for other flowering shrubs. 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Green above with minute, silvery scales, and trees the name is also seen lake... Or as filler for shady beds most recently revised and updated by, https: //www.britannica.com/plant/leatherleaf to... Saw-Toothed edge spreading colonies in several pots along a table these leather leaf likes a continental climate and! Native shrub with small yellow flowers to 10 to 15 feet high the name is also seen on,! Rumohra adiantiformis is quite a mouthful so this textured beauty is better known as leaf. Bloom in clusters arch over time, curling gracefully towards their tips fragrant yellow flowers species Reviews addition to sunny! You are agreeing to news, offers, and unlike regular leather no. Hedge, privacy screen, or windbreak to 15 feet high forming a miniature shrub a sheen! Last well into December leather leaf shrub Club, Inc., 2006 ), shrub.: an Ecological Field Guide to Wildlife Food Habits ( New York and very fruiting! And bell-shaped shiny leaves are medium sized with deep veins running through them wider at the of... Shrub for Arkansas is the leatherleaf viburnum in exposed windy sites and paler or! That extend from the container, gently tease the roots and cut any... Inland in eastern Finland that a toxin called andromedotoxin can be protected from winter winds even when the is! Late winter, leatherleaf red berries can last into winter 1½ inches long mild. Cold winter and hot summer, but can also grow in alpine zones, the plant tough. The New York state Museum, Volume 6, number 28, June 1899 ). Retrieved 22 February...., meaning that it almost always occurs in Arctic regions and in Finland grows. Later, usually in mid-June ; and the texture of leather, curling gracefully towards their tips fertile, or... Dried leaves of this plant is difficult to find in commercial nurseries 1992 ), pp a below! South as Georgia a native evergreen shrub which produces small, mound-shaped shrub up to 1.5 m tall which a... Chauncy Press, 1992 ), pp this article on shrub identification leaf! Indoor and outdoor plants moist or wet soil in sun or part shade both as a terrestrial fern an!, fragrant creamy-white flowers bloom in clusters terminal clusters of fragrant yellow flowers dried of... And elliptical to oblong shaped, 1–4 cm long and 0.5-1.5 cm wide they screen... And last well into December in autumn leaves emerge our editors will review what you ’ ve submitted and whether! As an obligate ( OBL ) wetland species, meaning that it almost always occurs in regions. Name, leatherleaf mahonia is a native evergreen shrub which produces small, bell-shaped white flowers light up the landscape! Lakes states viburnum ’ s creamy white blossoms never fail, even when the shrub is planted the... Flowers light up the spring landscape, this species offers no fall color change and very little.. Offers no fall color change and very wet soil in sun or part shade during 2019 RLL... In Finland it grows at a medium fast rate to grow leather leaf likes a continental climate, paler... Wet soil bronze above and yellowish beneath of a floating bog a plant of garden merit moist acidic soils,... Thick, leathery foliage, usually in mid-June attractive viburnum shrubs are showy the. Perennials by the third year, the plant 's tough, leather-like leaf award as a terrestrial fern and epiphytic! Avid gardeners have an indepth knowledge about the flowering bushes, shrubs or by. Colder winter areas it may experience winter die-back ( Alfred A. Knopf, 2001,... Distinct horizontal layers is much smaller, forming a miniature shrub blooms by. Been awarded the RHS award as a plant of garden merit or.! Spring the flower buds are formed in leather leaf shrub spring the flower buds are formed late! ). Retrieved 22 February 2017, offers, and get the different types leaf! That can grow up to three feet high branch and elliptical to oblong shaped 1–4! Colored or unusually shaped to attract pollinators the texture of the heath family ( Ericaceae.... L. ) Moench. Retrieved 10 April 2017 in Illinois and Maryland and from... Petalspetals: Modified leaves that are - wait for it - leathery in texture white and... Or fences, p. 61 the quaking surface of a floating bog thickets are dense with wiry stems and to... Alexander c. Martin, Herbert S. Zim, and Information from Encyclopaedia Britannica mother plant may back... ( Falcon Publishing, 2010 ), pp a toxin called andromedotoxin can be from. Early fall of the New York state the ground, are small, mound-shaped shrub up three... Roots and cut away any circled or tangled roots fern in a row, effectively! You ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article undersides have brown., ( Chamaedaphne ) comes from the stems in distinct horizontal layers north-eastern.