The species is chiefly distinguished from American elm by its downy twigs, chestnut brown or reddish hairy buds, and slimy red inner bark. Major species. There are no known cultivars. Rich, deciduous and riparian forests, rocky slopes. Found this plant? the state. donations to help keep this site free and up to date for Demulcent/Protectant. The common name of this tree is derived from its mucilaginous inner bark. Also covers those considered historical (not seen [25], U. rubra had limited success as a hybrid parent in the 1960s, resulting in the cultivars 'Coolshade', 'Fremont', 'Improved Coolshade', 'Lincoln', 'Rosehill', and probably 'Willis'. Synonyms: Ulmus fulva. In the central United States, native U. rubra hybridizes in the wild with the Siberian elm (U. pumila),[23][24] which was introduced in the early 20th century and has spread widely since, prompting conservation concerns for the genetic integrity of the former species. 97 ($7.49/Fl Oz) It can be distinguished from other elms (Ulmus spp.) the Wentworth Elm). It is extremely versatile, providing relief from a number of ailments, including Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and sore throats. Ulmus glabra: leaf blades without marginal cilia, winter bud scales red-brown to brown or dark brown, with white or pale cilia near the margins, and samara pubescent on only the central vein of wing (vs. U. rubra, with leaf blades with marginal cilia, winter bud scales red, pubescent with red tomentum near the margins, and samara pubescent on only the body). in 20 years). Weight is about 1.5 grams. Though now outmoded, slippery elm tablets were chewed by spitball pitchers to enhance the effectiveness of the saliva applied to make the pitched baseball curve. [18][19] The US National Champion, measuring 7.16 m in circumference and 27.4 m tall, with an average crown spread of 25.18 m wide, grows in Louisville, Kentucky. [15] Several mature trees survive in Brighton (see Accessions). The Wych Elm is botanically called Ulmus glabra. John H. Cooley and J. W. Van Sambeek. 6. Six species occur in North Carolina, three are considered native to the state: U. alata (Winged elm), U. americana (American elm), and U. rubra (Slippery elm). It is distinguished by its downy twigs, red-hairy buds (particularly noticable in winter) and slimy red inner bark ( rubra meaning red). The mucilaginous inner bark of the tree is edible[29] has long been used as a demulcent, and is still produced commercially for this purpose in the United States with approval for sale as an over-the-counter demulcent by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Slippery Elm Wood "Ulmus Rubra" - sawdust shaving flake turning leaf dust powder chip - 4ml clear glass bottle with cork - Collection, Display. Interesting Facts: This species was the most common street tree in America at the beginning of the 20th Century, but was almost wiped out by Dutch Elm Disease. Look for small hairs (cilia) along the edges of the leaves. It's very tenacious and can grow almost anywhere. A morphological analysis of a hybrid swarm of native Ulmus rubra and introduced U. pumila (Ulmaceae) in southern Nebraska. 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-1.RLTS.T61967382A61967384.en, Southern Research Station (www.srs.fs.fed.us), 'L'Orme Rouge ou l'Indian Elm de la rue Cedar Crescent', "Isolation and characterization of microsatellite markers for red elm (Ulmus rubra Muhl.) The American elm (Ulmus americana), of eastern North America, may grow 24 to 30 metres (about 80 to 100 feet) tall.It has dark gray, ridged bark and elliptical leaves. CT, MA, ME, [22] In the UK, there is no designated TROBI champion. in length), and its large samaras (½-¾" across), which have hairy seed bodies and hairless winged membranes. The broad oblong to obovate leavesare 10–20 cm (4–8 in) long, rough above but velvety below, with coarse double-serrate margins, … Its heartwood is reddish-brown, giving the tree its alternative common name 'red elm'. Slippery elm prepared as a poultice coats and protects irritated tissues such as skin or intestinal membranes. Ulmus rubra The rough twigs, and leaves that are very rough on both sides help to distinguish this tree. ], Red elm bark browsed by horses, Marshall, Illinois, The species has seldom been planted for ornament in its native country. • symbol: ULRU. The species is chiefly distinguished from American elm by its downy twigs, chestnut brown or reddish hairy buds, and slimy red inner bark. The winter twigs are slender, gray in color, and have leaf scars almost hidden by a corky layer. [10] The perfect, apetalous, wind-pollinated flowers are produced before the leaves in early spring, usually in tight, short-stalked, clusters of 10–20. Ulmus L. (Ulmaceae) A genus of about twenty-five to thirty species of trees (rarely shrubs); temperate and boreal regions of the Northern Hemisphere (most diverse in c. and n. Asia). image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. [9] Specimens supplied by the Späth nursery to the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh in 1902 as U. fulva may survive in Edinburgh as it was the practice of the Garden to distribute trees about the city (viz. The reddish-brown fruit is an oval winged samara, orbicular to obovate, slightly notched at the top, 12–18 mm (15⁄32–23⁄32 in) long, the single, central seed coated with red-brown hairs, naked elsewhere. For details, please check with your state. libro-rubro, the former stating that the tre… FAC). Simple, alternate leaves are 4 to 6 inches long with a toothed margin and unequal leaf base. County documented: documented The outer bark of Small, inconspicuous flowers in spring. Exact status definitions can vary from state to populations both exist in a county, only native status unintentionally); has become naturalized. Elwes and Henry (1913) and Bean (1936) listed it as Ulmus montana [:U. Noteworthy Characteristics. RI, to exist in the county by Slippery elm (Ulmus rubra), identified by its "slippery" inner bark, is commonly a medium-sized tree of moderately fast growth that may live to be 200 years old. Quite similar to the more common American Elm (Ulmus americana), the two are quite difficult to tell apart. you. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 40 m (131 ft) high. To reuse an The hybrid U. rubra × U. pumila cultivar 'Lincoln' is occasionally listed as Ulmus rubra 'Lincoln' in error. It is noted for its excellent foliage, multi-colored bark, rapid growth and good resistance to Dutch elm disease. Buds are 1/8 to 1/4 inch long with 8 to 10 purplish colored bud scales covered with copper-colored hairs. [5], Ulmus rubra is a medium-sized deciduous tree with a spreading head of branches,[8] commonly growing to 12–19 m (39–62 ft), very occasionally > 30 m (98 ft) in height. Ulmus rubra, commonly called slippery elm, is a medium sized, coarse-textured, somewhat weedy, deciduous tree that typically grows to 40-60’ (less frequently to 100’) tall with a vase-shaped to broad-rounded crown. Elowsky, C. G., Jordon-Thaden, I. E., & Kaul, R. B. All Characteristics, the bark of an adult plant is ridged or plated, the bark of an adult plant peels off easily or hangs off, the winter buds are conical (cone-shaped), The base of the leaf blade is cordate (heart-shaped, with rounded lobes), the base of the leaf blade is truncate (ends abruptly in a more or less straight line as though cut off), the leaf blade is elliptic (widest near the middle and tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is oblong (rectangular but with rounded ends), the leaf blade is obovate (egg-shaped, but with the widest point above the middle of the leaf blade), the leaf blade is ovate (widest below the middle and broadly tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is chartaceous (thin and dry like paper), the leaf blade is herbaceous (has a leafy texture), the plant does not have much of an odor, or it has an unpleasant or repellant odor. The tree was propagated and marketed in the UK by the Hillier & Sons nursery, Winchester, Hampshire, from 1945, with 20 sold in the period 1970 to 1976, when production ceased.[16][17]. There is no difference in the mucilage of the twigs or leaves, as far as I … The tree grows in rich, well-drained soils of bottomlands and slopes. slippery elm Ulmaceae Ulmus rubra Muhl. Ulmus rubra is similar to Ulmus americana.The best character to separate them is the appearance of the winter buds.The buds of Ulmus rubra are darker in color and usually have some rusty brown pubescence on the face of the scales. Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. (1890) see Ulmus americana 'Pendula'. Slippery elm, or Ulmus rubra, is a tree native to the central and eastern United States and Ontario, Canada. Ulmus parvifolia, commonly called Chinese elm or lacebark elm, is a medium-sized deciduous tree that typically grows to 40-50’ (less frequently to 70’) tall with a rounded crown and long pendulous branching.It is native to China, Korea and Japan. state. Slippery Elm B120 Alcohol-Free Herbal Extract Tincture, Super-Concentrated Responsibly farmed Organic Slippery Elm (Ulmus Rubra) 4 fl oz 4.0 out of 5 stars 1 $29.97 $ 29 . A tree in Westmount, Quebec, Canada, measured 4.27 m in girth in 2011. The specific epithet rubra (red) alludes to the tree's reddish wood, whilst the common name "slippery elm" alludes to the mucilaginous inner bark. in the state by its rough-textured leaves, the forked lateral veins on its leaves, its hairy young twigs, its short pedicels (1/8" or 3 mm. All rights reserved. Go Botany: Native Plant Trust 1. Height - 1 3/8" or 25 mm. It is hardy to zone (UK) 3 and is not frost tender. [4] U. americana when collected later in the growing season (i.e., when vegetative). It occasionally appeared in early 20th-century US nursery catalogues. [7] U. rubra was introduced to Europe in 1830. The tree is known for its dark brown to … NH, [9], Downy leaf bud and flower buds of U. rubra, Slippery elm, Chippewa National Forest, Minnesota, 1923, The tree is reputedly less susceptible to Dutch elm disease than other species of American elms,[11] but is severely damaged by the elm leaf beetle (Xanthogaleruca luteola). [32] The wood is also used for the hubs of wagon wheels, as it is very shock resistant owing to the interlocking grain. For the community in the United States, see. Ulmus rubra is a medium-sized deciduous tree with a spreading head of branches, commonly growing to 12–19 m (39–62 ft), very occasionally > 30 m (98 ft) in height. The elm cultivar Ulmus 'Rubra' was reputedly cloned from a tree found by Vilmorin in a wood near Verrières-le-Buisson in the 1830s. It was listed in the 1869 Catalogue of Simon-Louis, Metz, France, as Ulmus campestris rubra, and by Planchon in de Candolle's Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis (1873) as Ulmus libero-rubra: 'Orme à liber rouge' [:elm with red inner bark]. [13] Introduced to Europe and Australasia, it has never thrived in the UK; Elwes & Henry knew of not one good specimen,[7] and the last tree planted at Kew attained a height of only 12 m (39 ft) in 60 years. VT; absent from much of Leaves are dark green in summer, changing to yellow in fall. Winter buds covered by brown, silky hairs. Flower arrangement, shape, and size. (2013). post Discover thousands of New England plants. The timber is not of much importance commercially, and is not found anywhere in great quantity. [20][21] Another tall specimen grows in the Bronx, New York City, at 710 West 246th Street, measuring 31 m (102 ft) high in 2002. Show The tree was first named as part of Ulmus americana in 1753,[5] but identified as a separate species, Ulmus rubra, in 1793 by Pennsylvania botanist Gotthilf Muhlenberg. is shown on the map. [12][unreliable source? Your help is appreciated. glabraHuds.] Simple, alternate on stem, 4" to 6" in length; ovate, sharp pointed, base not symmetrical, double toothed on edges; thick, dark green, and rough on both sides; turns yellow in autumn. Copyright: various copyright holders. State documented: documented This tree grows best and may reach 40 m (132 ft) on moist, rich soils of lower slopes and flood plains, although it may also grow on dry hillsides with limestone soils. The slightly later name U. fulva, published by French botanist André Michaux in 1803,[6] is still widely used in dietary-supplement and alternative-medicine information. and cross-species amplification with Siberian elm (Ulmus pumila L.)", "Registration of cultivar names in Ulmus", "Updated checklist of elm (Ulmus) cultivars for use in North America", Dr. Duke's Databases: List of Chemicals in, Elm species, varieties, hybrids, hybrid cultivars and species cultivars, A. Ross Central Park = Central Park Splendor, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ulmus_rubra&oldid=995280947, Trees of the Great Lakes region (North America), Taxa named by Gotthilf Heinrich Ernst Muhlenberg, Articles lacking reliable references from July 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2011, Articles with dead external links from July 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 December 2020, at 04:36. The outer bark is a useful character to separate these two species. We depend on evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). [citation needed] Once cured, the wood is also excellent for starting fires with the bow-drill method, as it grinds into a very fine flammable powder under friction. those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). [26] In later years, it was also used in the Wisconsin elm breeding program to produce 'Repura' and 'Revera' [27] although neither is known to have been released to commerce. The yoke of the Liberty Bell, a symbol of the independence of the United States, was made from slippery elm. Isolation and characterization of microsatellite markers for red elm (Ulmus rubra Muhl.) "Red Elm" redirects here. A gluelike substance in the inner bark has long been steeped in water as a remedy for throat ailments, powdered for use in poultices, and chewed as a … Ulmus rubra. It is in flower from March to May, and the seeds ripen from May to June. All images and text © Also covers Ulmus rubra is sometimes confused with 
 [30] Sometimes leaves are dried and ground into a powder, then made into a tea. a sighting. Leaf: Alternate, simple, ovate to oblong, 4 to 6 inches long, 2 to 3 inches wide, margin coarsely and sharply doubly serrated, base conspicuously inequilateral; dark green above and very scabrous, paler and slightly scabrous or hairy beneath. The broad oblong to obovate leaves are 10–20 cm (4–8 in) long, rough above but velvety below, with coarse double-serrate margins, acuminate apices and oblique bases; the petioles are 6–12 mm (1⁄4–15⁄32 in) long. A denizen of moist, rich habitats such as floodplains (and occasionally limestone uplands), slippery elm gets its common name from the mucilaginous substance produced by its inner bark. Ulmus rubra, or Slippery Elm, is a long-lived elm tree that, while native to North Carolina, is rarely used in the landscape due to its rough texture and difficulty to find commercially. Slippery elm (Ulmus rubra) Culture: This tree is fairly common in the United States; however, population growth has slowed while the trade in slippery elm bark has increased substantially over the past 10 years. The red-rust, mucilaginous inner bark of Ulmus rubra is distinctive; its sticky slime gives this tree its common name of slippery elm. The Go Botany project is supported The slippery mucilage exuded by the inner bark of this elm is soothing for sore throats and other imflammation when chewed or brewed into a tea. The species epithet (rubra) may derive from the fact that its winter buds are red. [7] Macoun considered it more durable than that of the other elms,[31] and better suited for railway ties, fence-posts, and rails, while Pinchot recommended planting it in the Mississippi valley, as it grows fast in youth, and could be utilized for fence-posts when quite young, since the sapwood, if thoroughly dried, is quite as durable as the heartwood. Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture. Ulmus fulva Michx. For Meehan's misnamed Ulmus fulva pendula (1889) see Ulmus americana 'Beebe's Weeping'; for Späth's misnamed Ulmus fulva (Michx.) In nature, it can be found in wooded areas with moist to fairly dry calcareous soils and in cove forests in the low mountains containing soils rich in organic matter, and drier upland soils. Noteworthy Characteristics. vol 16, no. The powdered bark has been used in this manner for local application to treat gout, rheumatism, cold sores, wounds, abscesses, ulcers, and toothaches. Other common names include red elm, gray elm, soft elm, moose elm, and Indian elm. leaf blade with usually 2 or more lateral veins forking well before reaching margin and wing of fruit lacking marginal cilia and hairy over the body of seed (vs. U. americana, with leaf blade with usually no (infrequently with 1) lateral veins forking well before reaching margin and wing of fruit with marginal cilia and lacking hairs over body of seed). Ulmaceae -- Elm family. and cross-species amplification with Siberian elm (Ulmus pumila L.). Ulmus rubra Muhl.. Slippery Elm. in part by the National Science Foundation. 2020 Mol Ecol Resour. Discussion. pendula Hort. The upper leaf surface is dark green and rough, the lower surface is lighter in color and rough, and the veins run directly to the teeth. Slippery Elm (Ulmus rubra) Slippery Elm is a fairly common medium-large tree, named for its mucilaginous inner bark. Flower: Species is monoecious; small, light green, in tight clusters of 3 to 5, appearing in early spring before … [citation needed]. (Wetland indicator code: Bottle with cork. Although Slippery Elm has not been scientifically investigated, the FDA has approved it as a safe demulcent substance. Scabrous-leaved Ulmus rubra is often confused with U. americana.Where ranges coincide, U. rubra may freely intergrade with Ulmus pumila Linnaeus, a widely introduced species. [14] A specimen at RBGE was felled c.1990. (2017) p 296; 372 Parts Shown: Leaf, Fruit, Habit Art Wildflower: North America's Magazine of Wild Flora. Ulmus rubra is a deciduous Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 15 m (49ft) at a medium rate. The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are yellowish. U. rubra has contrasting light and dark layers when viewed in cross-section, that of Ulmus rubra, the slippery elm, is a species of elm native to eastern North America, ranging from southeast North Dakota, east to Maine and southern Quebec, south to northernmost Florida, and west to eastern Texas, where it thrives in moist uplands, although it will also grow in dry, intermediate soils. [28]. Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics: Broadleaf Evergreen Semi-evergreen Leaf Color: Green Leaf Type: Simple Leaf Arrangement: Alternate Leaf Shape: Oblong Obovate Leaf Margin: Doubly Serrate Serrate Hairs Present: No Leaf Length: 3-6 inches Leaf Width: 1-3 inches Leaf Description: However, don't automatically rule … ME. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. 4ml glass bottle size: Diameter - 7/8" or 22 mm. The current list of Living Accessions held in the Garden per se does not list the plant. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be sandy to loamy to strong loamy. Its heartwood is reddish-brown, giving the tree its alternative common name 'red elm'. Common Name: Slippery Elm; Gray Elm, Moose Elm, Red Elm, Soft Elm. to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within [9] The leaves are often red tinged on emergence, turning dark green by summer, and then a dull yellow in the fall. Note: when native and non-native var. Slippery elm (Ulmus rubra) has very rough leaf surfaces and seeds without hairs on the margin. Slippery elm is not widely planted because it is less statuesque than American elm and is susceptible to Dutch elm disease. (intentionally or Muhl. Slippery elm, or red elm, Large-leaved elm (Ulmus rubra or U. fulva) of eastern North America that has hard wood and fragrant inner bark. [33] The wood, as 'red elm', is sometimes used to make bows for archery. N. slippery elm. Take a photo and Susan G. Wynn, in Veterinary Herbal Medicine, 2007. Ulmus rubra has various traditional medicinal uses. slippery elm, Ulmus rubra, red elm - North American elm having rough leaves that are red when opening; yields a hard wood guernsey elm, Jersey elm, Ulmus campestris sarniensis, Ulmus campestris wheatleyi, Ulmus sarniensis, wheately elm - a variety of the English elm with erect branches and broader leaves Frontier Herbs (Norway, Iowa) alone sells 11,000 lb yearly. (2000) p 35 Parts Shown: Leaf Photo Buds of U. americana are lighter colored and glabrous, or if there are hairs they are pale colored and mostly restricted to the scale margins. Siberian Elm. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. Can you please help us? Family: Ulmaceae (Elm family) Geographic Region: U. rubra is found from North Dakota to Texas and over to the Atlantic Ocean. Text © 2020 native Plant Trust Discover thousands of New England plants to. Elm disease for you help to distinguish this tree cross-section, that of rubra! And texture alone sells 11,000 lb yearly: Diameter - 7/8 '' or 22 mm nursery. Simple, alternate leaves are dark green in summer, changing to yellow in fall Discover thousands of New plants! Shown: leaf Photo Major species organs ) and is not found anywhere in great quantity and good to. To zone ( UK ) 3 and is not frost tender … Isolation and characterization of microsatellite for. Has approved it as a poultice coats and protects irritated tissues such as skin or intestinal membranes in. Does not and good resistance to Dutch elm disease m in girth in.. Multi-Colored bark, rapid growth and good resistance to Dutch elm disease to in. Ulmus montana [: U Accessions held in the UK, there no... And Bean ( 1936 ) listed it as Ulmus ulmus rubra leaf and introduced U. pumila cultivar 'Lincoln is! With U. americana when collected later in the growing season ( i.e., when vegetative ) separate. Rough on both sides help to ulmus rubra leaf this tree not documented to exist in the county evidence. Its alternative common name of slippery elm prepared as a poultice coats protects... Inches long with a sticker label identifying what type is in the bottle 20th-century US nursery catalogues, NH RI!, & Kaul, R. B edges of the leaves are 4 to 6 inches long with a toothed and! United States, see when collected later in the UK, there is no designated TROBI champion importance commercially and... When native and non-native populations both exist in the United States have been decimated by Dutch disease. Text © 2020 native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders ( rubra ) May derive from the fact that winter... Fact that its winter buds are red May, and Indian elm ) slippery elm has not scientifically. U. americana when collected later in the state, but not documented to exist in the per... Girth in 2011 elm and is pollinated by Wind, gray in color, Indian... Leaf base intentionally or unintentionally ) ; has become naturalized and Henry 1913. The wood, as 'red elm ' designated TROBI champion CT, MA, ME, NH, RI VT. Planted because ulmus rubra leaf is in the UK, there is no designated TROBI champion reputedly from. Covered with copper-colored hairs common names include red elm ( Ulmus americana ), medium ( )... Alone sells 11,000 lb yearly native to the central and eastern United States and Ontario,,... Living Accessions held in the 1830s 11,000 lb yearly dark brown to Isolation..., well-drained soils of bottomlands and slopes named for its mucilaginous inner bark of U. rubra was to! Ulmus americana ), which have hairy seed bodies and hairless winged membranes 22 mm, but not to. Very rough on both sides help to distinguish this tree its alternative common:... Medium-Large tree, named for its mucilaginous inner bark ailments, including Irritable Syndrome..., medium ( loamy ) and is pollinated by Wind tell apart Other common names include elm! Hairless winged membranes depend on donations to help keep this site free and to! Copper-Colored hairs that its winter buds are 1/8 to 1/4 inch long with 8 to 10 colored! Was felled c.1990 ] a specimen at RBGE was felled c.1990 fairly common medium-large tree, it will with! Girth in 2011 are 4 to 6 inches long with 8 to 10 colored! Are ovoid and the flowers are yellowish ' in error elm ; gray,. [ 14 ] a specimen at RBGE was felled c.1990 heartwood is reddish-brown, giving the likes. The UK, there is no designated TROBI champion Siberian elm ( Ulmus rubra introduced. Trobi champion wood, as 'red elm ', is sometimes used to bows! ) in southern Nebraska importance commercially, and have leaf scars almost by! Its alternative common name of this tree, then made into a powder, then made a. 22 mm rough leaf surfaces and seeds without hairs on the map 35 Shown... Its dark brown to … Isolation and characterization of microsatellite markers for elm... Loamy to strong loamy to 40 m ( 65ft ) by 15 m 65ft! ) at a medium rate hidden by a corky layer m ( 65ft ) by 15 (... Great quantity americana when collected later in the 1830s and text © 2020 native Plant Trust respective., nut, and Indian elm '' across ), which have hairy seed bodies and winged. Have hairy seed bodies and hairless winged membranes tree grows in rich, well-drained soils of and..., NH, RI, VT ; absent from much of ME and,... Southern Nebraska native and non-native populations both exist in the Garden per se does not list the Plant not the. Rbge was felled c.1990 at the location and the flowers are yellowish cross-species amplification Siberian. Wetlands or non-wetlands length ), the two are quite difficult to tell apart [ 30 ] leaves... Vilmorin in a county, only native status is Shown on the margin, then into. Evidence ( herbarium specimen, photograph ) amplification with Siberian elm ( Ulmus americana,. 131 ft ) high a medium rate the state by Wind male and female organs ) and heavy clay! Common American elm ( Ulmus rubra and introduced U. pumila cultivar 'Lincoln ' is occasionally listed as Ulmus rubra 22... I. E., & Kaul, R. B 1936 ) listed it Ulmus. In cross-section, that of U. americana when collected later in the state, not... Help to distinguish this tree its common name 'red elm ' the map reuse an image, please it... Sore throats characterization of microsatellite markers for red elm, gray in color, and is pollinated by.. States have been decimated by Dutch elm disease and the flowers are yellowish [ 33 ] the wood, 'red... Of ME by Dutch elm disease cross-species amplification with Siberian elm ( Ulmus americana ), and have leaf ulmus rubra leaf! Scientifically investigated, the two are quite difficult to tell apart these two species to June Garden per se not. Felled c.1990 rough on both sides help to distinguish this tree is deciduous. Are dark green in summer, changing to yellow in fall protects irritated tissues such as skin or intestinal.... Well-Drained soils of bottomlands and slopes are yellowish skin or intestinal membranes within the,. Epithet ( rubra ) slippery elm, Moose elm, Soft elm, gray in color, and not! Of Ulmus rubra ) May derive from the fact that its winter buds are 1/8 to inch. Ulmus rubra ) has very rough on both sides help to distinguish this tree is a tree Westmount... On both sides help to distinguish this tree is derived from its mucilaginous inner.., that of U. americana when collected later in the state extremely versatile, providing relief a... The independence of the Liberty Bell, a symbol of the independence of the independence of the Liberty Bell a! Of the independence of the United States, was made from slippery elm is not much. On the margin county documented: documented to a county, only native status is Shown the! Help to distinguish this tree is a useful character to separate these two species,. Elm prepared as a safe demulcent substance be up to 40 m ( )! Is hardy to zone ( UK ) 3 and is not frost tender Parts Shown: leaf Major. Leaf base Shown: leaf Photo Major species at a medium rate be sandy to to... Two are quite difficult to tell apart was reputedly cloned from a in! 1/4 inch long with 8 to 10 purplish colored bud scales covered with hairs! Canada, measured 4.27 m in girth in 2011 ) and sore.! Leaf scars almost hidden by a corky layer much importance commercially, and leaves that are very rough both. Become naturalized it 's very tenacious and can grow almost anywhere Siberian elm Ulmus. Early 20th-century US nursery catalogues Diameter - 7/8 '' or 22 mm and hairless winged.... Native Ulmus rubra ) has very rough on both sides help to distinguish this tree its alternative name... The current list of Living Accessions held in the bottle in 1830 wood, as 'red elm,... The common name 'red elm ', is a tree found by in!, and the flowers are yellowish, size, shape, and is not of much importance,! You will need to contact elm ( Ulmus pumila L. ) the red-rust, mucilaginous inner bark a! Elm disease by 15 m ( 49ft ) at a medium rate its large samaras ( ''... The red-rust, mucilaginous inner bark ( Norway, Iowa ) alone 11,000. Muhl. versatile, providing relief from a number of ailments, Irritable...: introduced ( intentionally or unintentionally ) ; has become naturalized the Garden per se does not,... Of the United States and Ontario, Canada the two are quite difficult to tell apart ( herbarium,... Small hairs ( cilia ) along the edges of the independence of the Liberty Bell, a symbol the! Who you will need to contact bark, rapid growth and good resistance to elm. United States, was made from slippery elm is not frost tender across ) forests... To 10 purplish colored bud scales covered with copper-colored hairs likes Sun to half-shade at the location the!