Due to its persistent nature and the large area of land occupied by this species, the restoration of pasture infested with P. notatumhas become a major land management chall… Preferred Scientific Name. Dedicated paspalum cultivars such as 'Aloha Seashore' or 'Platinum TE' have been produced for such uses. A Kingdom is the second highest taxonomic rank. Corrections? It has also spread to Northern Africa and … 1894; Paspalum paucispicatum Vasey (1893) International Common Names [13], Ferreira, C. G., R. C. Oliveira, J. F. M. Valls & M. I. Bezerra de Loiola. PALE10. Vasey grass (P. urvillei) is grown as hay in its native South America but is considered a noxious weed elsewhere. The flat leaves are linear or somewhat tapering and generally feature a membranous ligule (small structure at the leaf base). Ligule membranous. Stems erect. curtisianum (Steud.) Grasses are graminoids. Paspalum dilatatum Scientific name; Paspalum Common name; Not Sensitive; Exotic; Minor Weed or Pest; 468.3m to 722m Recorded at altitude; In flower. Dallis grass (Paspalum dilatatum Poir.) Life Cycle: Perennial. Paspalum almum. Kuntze (synonym) Paspalum dilatatum var. Paspalum geminum. Common name. Paspalum praecox Walter var. Sea Spray is a warm-season seeded seashore paspalum variety that forms a moderately dense but uniform sward. This naturally selected paspalum is perfect for installation tee-to-green. Bermuda Grass and Seashore Paspalum in Spanish is also different. Scientific Name; PACI8: Paspalum circulare Nash: PALAC: Paspalum laeve Michx. Despite its decreasing productivity with age, P. notatum continues to dominate pastures decades after abandonment. Poaceae da Estação Ecológica do Seridó, Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil. Plant Description: A tufted rhizomatous perennial grass to 1 m tall, with decumbent to erect stems. Omissions? flavescens Roseng., B.R.Arrill. Leaf-blades are flat, to 20 cm long and 15 mm wide, hairless and smooth. In the scientific classification of plants from kingdom to species, the Seashore Paspalum Kingdom is an important factor in the taxonomy of plants. Thin paspalum are more prevalent in piedmont and mountainous regions while dallisgrass is more common in coastal plain areas. Common Name: Florida Paspalum, Crowngrass. Tussock paspalum (Paspalum quadrifarium) is regarded as an environmental weed in parts of New South Wales and as a potential environmental weed in some parts of Victoria. Several plants are considered invasive species in areas outside their native ranges. Culms arise from the rhizomes and reach up to 1 m. The leaves are abundant, blade-shaped, 6-25 cm long and 5-15 mm wide. Status: Native Argentina. glabrum. Digitaria paspalodes Michx. decumbens Vasey (synonym) Paspalum dilatatum subsp. Accepted scientific name: Paspalum dilatatum Poir. Widely naturalized in northern and eastern Australia, tropical and northern Africa, tropical Asia (e.g. Bahiagrass has also some significance as a honey plant. Description. Symbol. Description. Bermuda Grass in Spanish is known as Grama and Seashore Paspalum in Spanish is known as Paspalum. – dallisgrass. Bull Paspalum is a perennial grassy weed that is also known as Thin Paspalum, Bull Crowngrass or by its scientific name, Paspalum boscianum. is a strongly tufted, leafy, sod-forming perennial grass. Inflorescence (a group of flowers) usually has 3 to 7 spike-like racemes (groups of flowers on … Scribn. Scientific Name: Paspalum dilatatum: Family: Poaceae: Longevity: Perennial: Season: Warm: Origin: Introduced: Height: 50 - 120 cm: Flowers: Apr - Nov: Description: A weedy grass of disturbed areas and lawns. & Izag. var. Paspalum L. – crowngrass. Flowers smooth, elliptic to round, single. Water finger-grass (P. vaginatum) resembles bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon), but has a higher salinity tolerance and can consume greywater. Updates? Scientific Name: Paspalum floridanum. 1911. Other names (PBR name, trademark, breeder code) Sea Spray (protected by United States Plant Patent). In general, all living organisms are divided into kingdoms in the form of a classification chart. Tussock paspalum (P. quadrifarium) is considered a weed in Australia. Dallis grass (P. dilatatum) is a South American species grown in pastures in Australia and North America. Species. Note: Plants of the three Australian cultivars grown from seed supplied by the Margot Forde Forage Germplasm Centre, New Zealand, have been identified by Dr C.L. Thin Paspalum (Bull Paspalum) Scientific Name - Paspalum setaceum Michx. PAPRC2. Name Hilo grass; Scientific Name: Paspalum Conjugatum: Native: Tropical America, but is now found throughout the tropical regions of the world (i.e. Ubon (Ubon Paspalum) Common name: Ubon paspalum Breeding:Pasture atratum is a wild species native to the states of Mato Grosso do Sul, Goias and Minas Geriais in central-western Brazil. Paspalum conjugatum, commonly known as carabao grass or hilo grass, is a tropical to subtropical perennial grass. Platinum TE now covers the globe with projects in over 30 countries. Synonyms (former Scientific Names): Paspalum laeviglume. Members of the genus utilize a photosynthetic pathway known as C4 carbon fixation, which largely prevents photorespiration and increases drought-tolerance. Sometimes seeded as a pasture grass in the eastern part of our region. This naturally selected paspalum is perfect for installation tee-to-green. Species Epithet: floridanum. (synonym) Paspalum dilatatum f. paucispica Hack., nom. Paspalum (Paspalum dilatatum) is similar to other closely-related grasses, including broad-leaved paspalum (Paspalum mandiocanum), Bahia grass (Paspalum notatum), Vasey grass (Paspalum urvillei), scrobic (Paspalum scrobiculatum) and tussock paspalum (Paspalum quadrifarium). P. notatum has been extensively planted for forage and soil stabilization in the southern United States, especially in Florida. Scientific Name - Paspalum laeve Michx. Scientific names are name used by scientists, especially the taxonomic name of an organisms that consist of the genus and species. Kodo is a popular fast or upvas food in some parts of India. Paspalum dilatatum Poir. Systematics of Paspalum group Notata (Poaceae-Panicoideae-Paniceae). It has short creeping rhizomes and deep thick fibrous roots, down to 1 m deep (Ecoport, 2010; Cook et al., 2005). Native Introduced Native and Introduced. SeaDwarf is a medium- to fine-textured seashore paspalum that was selected on the … Paspalum distichum L. 1759; Preferred Common Name. is a millet locally grown as food grain. Seedhead with one to five ascending branches. Paspalum almum. This is a tall, erect grass to about 2m high. Leaf sheaths and blades hairy to smooth. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Plant Search > Hairy-seed Paspalum Hairy-seed Paspalum (Paspalum pubiflorum) About Hairy-seed Paspalum. Paspalum atratum Swallen ... Espinoza, F., Marcón, .F, Urbani, M.H. New content will be added above the current area of focus upon selection (2019) Reproductive systems in Paspalum: Relevance for germplasm collection and conservation, breeding techniques, and adoption of released cultivars. Systematic Botany Monographs 71: 1–75, Chase, Agnes. Water couch, or knotgrass (P. distichum), forms large flat mats along shores and in ditches in North and South America and Europe; it is used as a lawn grass in Australia. Bull Paspalum Paspalum boscianum. This is a tufted perennial (living for longer than 1 growing season) growing from a solid, hairy base or 'crown'. Platinum TE™ Paspalum, introduced in 2007 by Turf Ecosystems and Dr. Ron R. Duncan, revolutionized the turfgrass market. Paspalum scrobiculatum (koda, varuka, varuku, etc.) It is also listed as a priority environmental weed in at least one Natural Resource Management region. knotgrass; Other Scientific Names. Paspalum is a genus of plants in the grass family. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. pilosum Scribn. 10: 1377. The Plants Database includes the following 1 subspecies of Paspalum dilatatum . The reduced flowers are borne in small inflorescences known as racemes. Frontiers in Plant Science. The ergot Claviceps paspali is a sac fungus that grows on Paspalum, producing ergot alkaloids and the tremorgen paspalitrem; it causes "paspalum staggers" poisoning in cattle. They are warm-season C4 grasses and are most diverse in subtropical and tropical regions.[5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12]. Paspalum, large genus of annual and perennial grasses (family Poaceae), distributed throughout warm regions of the world. Family - Gramineae. It often forms the boundaries of, and is found within, areas now designated for conservation. Paspalum almum. Scientific name. It is originally from the American tropics, but has been naturalized widely in tropical Southeast Asia and Pacific Islands. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 24: 137, Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Linnaeus, Carl von. it is pan-tropical). Hairy-seed Paspalum is a Grass. Granivorous birds often eat paspalum seeds; the chestnut-breasted munia (Lonchura castaneothorax) readily feeds on the seeds of P. longifolium, for example. 2004. PALO10: Paspalum longipilum Nash: PAPL7: Paspalum plenipilum Nash The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Paspalum vaginatum. circulare (Nash) Stone: PALAP: Paspalum laeve Michx. (accepted name) Synonyms: Digitaria dilatata ... Coste (synonym) Panicum platense (Spreng.) Scientific Name: Paspalum dilatatum: Photo: A J Brown. Paspalum grasses can be tufted or creeping with rhizomes (underground stems) or stolons. and Quarin, C.L. Statistics. Paspalum vaginatum. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 92(4): 463–532, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Paspalum&oldid=965687799, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 July 2020, at 20:26. Paspalum pubiflorum var. Some are valuable forage grasses, and at least one (Paspalum scrobiculatum) is grown as a millet in Asia and parts of Africa. Systema Naturae, Editio Decima (10th edition) 2: 846, 855, 1359, Altervista Flora Italiana, genere Paspalum, Biota of North America 2013 county distribution maps, Denham, S. S. 2005. (1803) Panicum paspalodes Michx. Quarín, Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias at Universidad Nacional del Nordeste, Corrientes, Argentina, as Paspalum lenticulare Kunth. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Common name. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Lower sheaths of leaves are hairy. Reported to have originated from the Americas, it can be a serious weed of rice in West Africa. var. Other names (PBR name, trademark, breeder code) SDX-1 (protected by Australian Plant Breeder's Rights and United States Plant Protection); SeaDwarf (formerly registered trade mark of Environmental Turf Solutions, Inc., USA). Some of the popular common names of the plant are Indian paspalum, Creeping paspalum, Ditch millet, Scrobic paspalum, Water couch, Scorbic, Mau’u-laiki, rice grass, rice grass paspalum, Veld paspalum and native palspalum. Plant Family: Poaceae (Grass Family) Native/Alien: NC Native. Plant Names (Nomenclature) The reduced flowers are borne in small inflorescences known as racemes. Grasses are herbaceous plants with narrow leaves originating at the base of the plant. The leaf blades are hairless with an asymmetric ligule (appendage at base of leaf with unequal sides). This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/Paspalum, United States Department of Agriculture - Paspalum setaceum, University of California - Seashore paspalum. Polygons. 1759. Seashore paspalum. Vasey. 2009. This lawn weed is known for its unattractive clumping. Hoehnea 36(4): 679–707, Zuloaga, F. O., J. Pensiero & O. Morrone. Naturalised in all States except the Northern Territory. Paspalum : Paspalum acuminatum. These species can be distinguished by the following differences: Scientific name. Seashore paspalum. PAPRC. Flowers and seeds on undersides of narrowly winged branches. [3][4], The group is widespread across much of Asia, Africa, Australia, and the Americas. The Plant List includes a further 284 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Paspalum.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Paspalums are also food for caterpillars of lepidopterans such as the pasture day moth (Apina callisto), and those of the dark palm dart (Telicota ancilla) which feed on P. urvillei. Subordinate Taxa. Genus: Paspalum. Scientific name. Scientific name: Paspalum atratum cv. Some species, such as bahiagrass (P. notatum) and P. nicorae, are grown for pasturage, especially with the perennial forage peanut (Arachis glabrata) as a companion crop. Thin paspalum is most often found in cool-season lawns but can tolerate golf fairway mowing heights, especially in creeping bentgrass turf. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Paspalum lentiferum Lam. An accession of this wild species, BRA 009610, was originally collected near thevillage of Terenos, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil, by Dr. J. Valls in April 1986. Scientific name Paspalum plicatulum Michx. Revisión sistemática del subgénero Harpostachys de Paspalum (Poaceae: Panicoideae: Paniceae). IV. Paspalum grasses can be tufted or creeping with rhizomes (underground stems) or stolons.The flat leaves are linear or somewhat tapering and generally feature a membranous ligule (small structure at the leaf base). External link More information; Location information. (1803) Paspalum paspalodes ; Paspalum paspaloides (Michx.) Paspalum vaginatum, commonly known as seashore paspalum and by many other names, is a species of perennial grass which can be found in wet, saline habitats. The Plant List includes 1,153 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Paspalum.Of these 323 are accepted species names. Plant Type: Grass/Sedge/Rush. In coastal habitats, it can spread at 1-2 m per year and become dominant over native vegetation. The leaf blade is angled along the midrib, and is long and narrow, bright green, sparsely long-hairy around where it meets the stem. It is not infrequently used for arena and golf course turf in warmer coastal regions, such as Baja California, Florida, Peru, Texas and Venezuela. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Notes on genera of Paniceae. Paspalum dilatatum … Scientific Name. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Commonly known as paspalum, bahiagrasses, crowngrasses or dallis grasses, many of the species are tall perennial New World grasses. nud. Tufted perennial from short, scaly rhizomes. Are more prevalent in piedmont and mountainous regions while dallisgrass is more in... Coste ( synonym ) Panicum platense ( Spreng. Patent ) ( 2019 ) systems... In general, all living organisms are divided into kingdoms in the eastern part our. Pensiero & O. Morrone taxonomic information forms the boundaries of, and is found within, areas now designated conservation. Of Washington 24: 137, Kew World Checklist of selected plant,... Grass and Seashore Paspalum in Spanish is known as racemes organisms that consist the... Dominate pastures decades after abandonment ) synonyms: Digitaria dilatata... Coste ( )... Paspalodes ; Paspalum paucispicatum Vasey ( 1893 ) International Common names dallis grass ( P. vaginatum ) bermudagrass. From the American tropics, but has a higher salinity tolerance and can consume greywater or grasses. Norte, Brasil it has also some significance as a honey plant growing from a solid, hairy or... 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