Weeping Japanese maples tend to become little more than bushes -- weeping to the ground and so dense that their branching and trunk can't be seen. Also evaluate the tree for branches that cross each other, rub together, or any branches that just appear weak. Next, prune off dead wood — that is, any dead twigs or brittle branches that no longer grow foliage. Spread the mulch in a circular pattern around the trunk, but pull it back 2 inches from the trunk to prevent disease. Systematically clip branches that are cascading to the ground around the perimeter of the tree until you reach the desired height. The weeping Japanese maple is one of the most popular of all ornamental trees as it provides a great focal point to any landscaping or flower garden. So an upright tree that can be 20' tall is placed in a 12' and a "cute little weeper" is planted in a 3'x 3' patio bed although it has the potential to spread 10' or more. Branches over 3/4 inch in diameter might require lopper pruners (long handled pruners). Just keep it lightly moist during travel. Also, it can involve removing a branch that goes underneath and allowing a visual separation to create a layered effect. Pruning a Mature Lace Leaf Weeping Japanese Maple. © 2020 GardenDrum All Rights Reserved | ADMIN. If you want your maple taller, then encourage branching on top that is pointing up, and lighten those branches by removing shoots pointing downwards. It is red leaf, with obvious weeping branches. Weeping Japanese maples tend to become little more than bushes -- weeping to the ground and so dense that their branching and trunk can't be seen. Amend the soil by digging in one part peat and one part sand to one part topsoil until the soil drains well when you pour water on it. https://gardendrum.com/2013/07/16/how-to-prune-a-weeping-japanese-maple Most grow 8 to 15 feet high, although larger varieties may reach 20 to 50 feet high. Most hand pruners (bypass pruners) work well for branches and stems under 3/4 of an inch in diameter. Follow the steps below to prune the Japanese Maple Tree. Since the tree is dormant, it does not need to be soaked in water as it will rot since the plant is not active. In time they will have many layers with the innermost dying from lack of light. I repotted this past spring. It didn’t make it through the summer. Prevent a weeping Japanese maple from becoming larger. When to prune: Choosing the right time to prune is key - Japanese maples will bleed sap if pruning is done any later than the end of December. Japanese weeping maple trees are among the most colorful and unique trees available for your garden. Sometimes you might just make a few cuts and wait until next year to see how the tree responds. How To Prune Overgrown Japanese Maple Trees. Prune weeping trees in the winter, before spring growing begins. This improves your view of the tree's branching structure as well as avoids any sap bleeding that would occur if pruning was done in early spring, according to the Royal Horticultural Society. While they might achieve the lollipop form they are seeking, it encourages a thick outer layer of leaves with no internal growth and a plant that must expand every year to survive. Whichever type of Japanese maple you have, light trimming under the branches for access is recommended since the branches droop as the plant matures, and weighty limbs can grow too low and even put stress on the rest of the tree. I am very new to gardening so I do not know much about it at all. We only occasionally have young deer nibble young foliage but for the most part the deer leave it alone. The first step in pruning to restrict the size of the green laceleaf Japanese maple shown below, yet keep it tree like, is to remove some excess branches. Three factors add up to the conclusion that all Japanese maple owners should learn to prune these beautiful trees. Pruning in the fall doesn't give new growth time to become hardy enough to survive the winter. The largest branches form a type of umbrella and they tend to flow out and down, and often branches form that go across this structure and they need to be pruned out. When to Prune Laceleaf Maples. Wait to prune the coral bark maple until late fall or early winter. Always carry out such pruning in late Autumn or Winter. If one is wrapped around the other, remove the weaker of the two. So an upright tree that can be 20' tall is placed in a 12' and a "cute little weeper" is planted in a 3'x 3' patio bed although it has the potential to spread 10' or more. How To Prune Maple Trees . A laceless Japanese maple often forms the centerpiece and a main focal point of a well-designed garden. The question I get most often is where do I start. Your upright is usually larger and more “tree” like. Remove limbs that rub or cross each other. Also, I am encouraging a few upward branches to increase the height. The distinct color and shape of the leaves can add a great contrast to the other flowers, shrubs and trees in your garden. Before beginning to prune your Japanese maple, take a good look at the structure of the branches. I wasn’t sure what made it die, now I think I know the reason was due to not placing it in the right place. The first one is that any branches that have a diameter larger than half of the size of the trunk should never be cut off. What a beauty. I love the Japanese Maple, and recently married and moved my small tree. The form and branching is what makes this plant so desirable throughout the year. Japanese Maple trees are not difficult to prune or train so they are looking their best. Then, make sure you use a sharp and clean pair of pruners. From beauty to amazing sight, Japanese Maple Trees is usually one type of tree that usually calls for attention. Water the … If you cut too close to the parent stem (a flush cut), a column of rot will enter the stem. There are hundreds of Japanese maple varieties that come in various sizes with a large assortment of leaf shapes and colors that range from shades of green to orange, red, purple, and variegated. I have a weeping Japanese maple that is at least 20 years old. Branches over 3/4 inch in diameter might require lopper pruners (long handled pruners). I would apply this generously to a weeping maple. When to Prune a Japanese Maple. Acer palmatum ‘Crimson Queen’ prior to pruning. Keep in mind that when pruning a Japanese maple to prune with restraint. With it open all the branching will strengthen and the natural layers have been highlighted. Use clean cuts back to lateral branches or buds. Actually, these maples can get quite large and need a great deal of room. Work around the plant at least twice (if possible). Always make clean cuts flush to the outside of the branch collar. When to prune: Choosing the right time to prune is key - Japanese maples will bleed sap if pruning is done any later than the end of December. If you see any old or dead branches, or those that look sickly, these should come off. Young trees need to have the lowest limbs removed to enhance clearance. Here is the maple after pruning. To minimize stress, dieback, and regrowth, do not remove a side branch that exceeds half the diameter of the parent stem. It was first introduced t… Begin training the tree when it is two or three years old. However you prune your maple, it is worth the effort to enhance one of the finest specimen trees available. The leaves will have better color with the light and the many layers are highlighted. Keep in mind that when pruning a Japanese maple to prune with restraint. Very small varieties are grown in containers as bonsai specimen. If you want a wider plant, then prune at a point where a branch is pointing outwards in the direction you want to expand. ! You are so right, Reed. How to Prune a Japanese Maple Tree. The leaves are shaped in a lace pattern and are colored in a purple hue during the … The leaf is very delicate looking. Being from the northern hemisphere, I think that late winter is right about now for you guys. There are two typical growth patterns for Japanese Maples. Great words of guidance I learned years ago is to make few big cuts rather than lots of small cuts. I am very new to gardening so I do not know much about it at all. Weeping trees include the weeping blue Arctic willow, the Japanese maple and the weeping mulberry. Fertilizing isn’t necessary as it promotes growth, and may result in spindly limbs. Weeping? The form of these trees resembles a cascading waterfall, making them a graceful and beautiful focal point in the landscape. 1) Japanese maples are small trees but bigger than most people expect. Prune to see your tree’s branch design by removing branches that block the view to a handsome twist or turn in direction. While they can still be attractive without pruning, I feel that the thick outer layer obscures from view the beautiful branching inside. The Japanese Maple tree came form Japan, China and Korea. Which was shared to me. Step back and see what has developed after this work. HOW TO PRUNE JAPANESE MAPLE TREES. Before beginning to prune your Japanese maple, take a good look at the structure of the branches. Impressionist painters kept many of their works out of focus, making you look deep into rather than at their masterpieces. It is about 2 feet tall and what I believe to be a weeping Japanese maple. Thank you for showing us how to improve the beauty of one of the most precious trees in my present garden. Hello, I recently purchased a home and I have a very small maple in my yard. So no repot intended for spring 2020. To prune a Japanese Maple, wait until it's at least 15 years old so you're not interfering with its natural shape. ! Japanese maples, depending on the variety, are naturally small, shrub-like trees. Weeping Japanese Maple. I am not an expert or trained, I have just experimented with seedlings I have grown and am passing on what I have learned so far. Japanese Red Maple Tree Pruning. Everyone – and everything – benefits from a flattering haircut to show off their best features. I'm wanting entire branching removed. Pull up all shoots or sprouts that appear at the base of young weeping trees. The weeping Japanese maple tree is relatively pest and disease-free. NOT in the early spring or summer. Always make clean cuts flush to the outside of the branch collar. 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