Orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.) is a tall, cool-season perennial grass that is used for pasture, fodder and silage. Several research studies have demonstrated higher animal intake and better animal performance from orchardgrass pasture as compared with tall fescue pasture, especially during spring and early summer. The high nutrient intake delivered by Orchard Grass hay translates into … 21 September, 2017. horses on green pasture image by Calin Tatu from Fotolia.com. It is interesting the trade-offs in growing different varieties from end use to time to cut/dry to insect problems. 573-825-0776. Orchardgrass is largely grown for pastures and to produce hay and fodder for cattle. Bulbose bluegrass Poa (bulbosus) is another bluegrass that grows as a weed in lawns, golf courses and turf. I thought there must be a way for gardeners, hikers and general nature lovers to learn some of the common grasses in this area; but my search for information on grasses led to technical descriptions or to grasses that don’t typically … Both endophyte-free tall fescue and orchardgrass will require a higher level of management than endophyte-infected tall fescue. It is rather aggressive in mixtures with other grasses, but we have developed varieties that combine the ability to produce stem-free grass under dry conditions with less aggressiveness towards other grasses. I'm selling 4x5 round bales of good, clean orchard grass and fescue hay that is fertilized every year. Orchard Grass. A good all around and … I am sold on it ! Grass Species (Orchard Grass) Figure 13b. Timothy, Orchard, Alfalfa, Fescue. … Orchard grass begins growing in bunches early in the spring, developing and flowering quickly. For horses that are stalled, or for horses that do not have abundant pasture, stored forage in the form of hay is the primary source of forage. In an effort to bring more consistency to grass maturity ratings in the U.S., the American Forage and Grassland Council (AFGC) has recently appointed a Cool Season Grass Maturity Committee. The higher calorie content of Orchard Grass is a result of higher fiber digestibility compared to Timothy Grass. Timothy is common in northern areas, whereas brome, orchardgrass, and Bermuda grass are more common in the south. From a nutritional angle, orchardgrass can be a worthwhile component in almost any horse-feeding … It has been reported growing in the United States since before … 2000 Bales of Small Square Orchard . It is also recommended for use as a cover crop when establishing new seedings of pasture. It grows well in full sunlight and is more tolerant of heat, drought and shade than is Kentucky bluegrass. Cool-season grasses, such as bluegrasses, ryegrasses and fescues, prevail in the Northeast region of the United States. Orchardgrass is largely grown for pastures and to produce hay and fodder for cattle. Pros of Fescue Grass Fescue Grass Does Well in Winter. Bunch grasses include orchard grass, meadow brome, timothy, perennial rye grass and tall fescue. Tall fescue, which is used extensively in the transition region, is a low-maintenance, heat-tolerant, cool-season grass with fine to medium blade texture. This is a tall grass that grows well in cool conditions and varies in color from light green, to dark green, to blueish-green. The leaves are a characteristic blue-green color, and the seedhead is easy to distinguish from other grasses. Orchardgrass does not exhibit as much tolerance to drought or winter hardiness as tall fescue and bromegrass. Horses evolved as a grazing animal, which means that they are meant to nibble on small amounts of food over the course of an entire day, and most of this food should be in the form of roughage, or hay. In our pastures, I see the bermuda the last thing that they graze. The study was conducted by J.C. Burns and D.S. Its deep roots deliver drought and heat protection. Orchardgrass does not exhibit as much tolerance to drought or winter hardiness as tall fescue and bromegrass. Fescue is usually planted in most fields just because it is a cheap seed and it is usually the largest part of most mixed grass mixes that you will buy. (more than 10 bags of 50 pounds) please contact us by Phone at 800 253 7346 or click here for a price quote and delivery options.. Fescue Grass Is Tough . For pasture, an advantage of orchard grass is that once the seed head is … Persist is the only Orchard grass for me, planted it in the Fall of 07, worst drought here in 30 yrs during the summer of 08, Persist suffered from lack of water but held the stand well & now is producing awesome hay for me. Hallmark orchard grass is considered a very leafy, early to medium variety with excellent hardiness and persistence.~~~ Hallmark is widely used for pasture, hay and silage in the cool climate growing areas. Casler and co-workers (Casler et al., 1998, Casler and van Santen, 2001) reported that meadow fescue had superior appar-ent DM intake by grazing cattle compared with tall fescue, and concluded that the greatest potential utility for this grass is in managed intensive grazing systems. While it may have benefits to it, Tall Fescue is not the … In this video I give you some thoughts on whether or not tall fescue might be the best cool season grass type. Adding it to a seed mixture with a legume and a more permanent cool season grass, like bromegrass, timothy … The researchers concluded that grazing animals preferred orchardgrass over tall fescue or bluegrass. Tall fescue is grown mostly for pastures; it has limited usefulness as turf. ... Fescue grass grows relatively tall, … Tall fescue and Kentucky bluegrass are grown both for their grazing qualities and for their usefulness as turf. All Rights Reserved. The only drawback to fescue is if you have a pregnant mare you need to take her off the fescue usually within the last month of pregnancy. Net wrapped or string tied. We have seeded 400 acres in the last week with endophyte-free seed and a variety of clovers, rye, orchard grass, but you are still going to get some volunteer fescue especially on the horse farms, and we are a horse … Timothy is about the best "single" hay, in that it's higher in fiber, has a bit less sugar. It thrives in humid temperate regions, where it can grow up to about 16-inches. Orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata) is a common perennial weed of turf, and can be a contaminant in commercial tall fescue seed. Orchard grass is a flat leaf, bladed, perennial, cool season, tall-growing grass. Orchard grass is similar in starch levels to Timothy hay but can be significantly higher in ethanol soluble carbohydrate, measuring up to 20 percent. Cold winters, cool summers and high humidity create challenging conditions for many plants, including lawn grasses. Dobson … Call Ethan for more information. Forage (hay/pasture) makes up 60-100% of the diet for horses, depending on their function and activity. Tall fescue does well in clay that is well drained; improved varieties have been developed that remain green around the year if they are irrigated. For quantities over 500 lbs. Persist Good Alternative to Novel-Endophyte Fescue Results from an intake and digestibility study have recently been published in Crop Science. This grass causes harm to the livestock and the other animals that feed on it. High quality forage is critical for proper digestive function in horses. After that no more than 1/3 of the height of the grass should be cut at one time. Chuckie. After a three year study, researchers at Purdue University concluded that both calves and cows gained one-half pound more per day grazing on orchardgrass than grazing on tall fescue. In addition, there is a prominent midvein on the underside of the leaves, and the ligule is membranous. Learn how to choose the right grass seed, whether it be forage grass seed for hay or pasture, or turfgrass seed.. Forage Grass and Turfgrass When looking for forage grass seed for hay or pasture, the correct choice will depend on what type(s) of animal(s) you will be feeding and the climate in your region.. A sod-forming grass that has narrow, bristle-like dark green leaves. They use it as a campanion grass with alfalfa and its not uncommon to see seed contamination or infestation near alfalfa fields . Orchardgrass is largely grown for pastures and to produce hay and fodder for cattle. Why Mix Grasses with Legumes More rapid hay drying Higher yield potential Less weed encroachment Insurance against legume winterkill Helps to fill in areas of field … Like any other preserved forage, the quality of orchardgrass hay depends on multiple factors, primary of which are cultivation and harvesting techniques. Orchardgrass is one of the most productive cool-season grasses, tolerant to shade, fairly drought resistant with moderate winter hardiness. The sheath is split part way and covered with fine … If you leave it, it will spread (by seed). Orchardgrass Seed - Orchardgrass is a bunch-type, tall-growing, cool-season perennial grass. What kind to buy? It's cut while it's young and tender, but it's not nearly the high powered stuff like Orchard grass, timothy or alfalfa. - posted in Alfalfa/Hay: While Im waiting for the snow to melt around here, Ive been doing some reading about various grasses and legume varieties. Tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea) is a cool season perennial grass with deep roots that grows in bunches. It's low sugar, so perfect … There are several laboratories that specialize in hay analysis. Even worse, there are no herbicides that will kill the orchard grass without also killing the turf. Orchard grass is similar in starch levels to Timothy hay but can be significantly higher in ethanol soluble carbohydrate, measuring up to 20 percent. (more than 10 bags of 50 pounds) please contact us by Phone at 800 253 7346 or click here for a price quote and delivery options.. Because it matures early in the growing season when the weather is wet, it can be susceptible to mold. Adapted Varieties. See Full Listing. Hay also has regional variations. (For example, fescue herbage with a total N content of 3 percent and a total S content of 0.3 percent has an N:S ratio of 3 / 0.3, or 10.) Here in TN the grass of choice for grazing is fescue. Homeowners complain of the light green tufts of grass wherever this weed has become established. Timothy - one, maybe two cuts. Kentucky bluegrass grows rapidly in the fall and spring and slows in the summer. Unfortunately, orchardgrass is lighter green and faster growing than tall fescue, so it is very visible. In this zone, tall fescue can add season-long color to Kentucky bluegrass and perennial ryegrass mixes. This offers rabbits a higher effect of gut mobility and better maintenance of the intestinal tract, therefore reducing the risks of GI Stasis and other such problems. Sod forming grasses include smooth brome, reed canary grass, Canada bluegrass, Kentucky bluegrass and creeping red fescue. Mixes here include fescue but I don't want to use fescue. Orchard grass is good under hay, silage, … Roots of Kentucky bluegrass develop from the nodes of its underground rhizomes and from shoots that grow from the crown of the grass, that point where the stalk meets the ground. One bag covers an acre of pasture and it is endophyte free. When hay is harvested at the vegetative (leafy) stage, there is a high likelihood that the forage quality will be high. Orchardgrass Seed - Orchardgrass is a bunch-type, tall-growing, cool-season perennial grass. I couldn’t tell one grass from another and I had a hard time trying to identify them for her due to the terminology used to describe grasses and the need for microscopic observation. It is one of the most productive cool-season grasses, tolerant to shade, fairly drought resistant with moderate winter hardiness. First and second cutting available. Unlike many pasture grasses including Kentucky bluegrass, orchardgrass does not spread by above-ground stolons or rhizomes beneath the soil. I've been told that it is often due contaminated tall fescue blends. Annual ryegrass is the grass of choice for frost seeding to improve pasture quality because it establishes rapidly, yields better than other ryegrass types through summer, and has the highest yields in the seeding year. It's one of the higher sugar hays, but is better than fescue. K. kappa915 LawnSite Member. It grows well in shaded moist areas, but does not tolerate drought or heat. By using a later maturing variety you can get around the early maturity of many orchard varieties. In this video I give you some thoughts on whether or not tall fescue might be the best cool season grass type. Stressed cool season grasses, such as fescue, orchard grass, and Timothy, tend to be higher in NSC; Hay analysis. Typically, orchard grass is lower in protein than timothy, but it is a favorite amongst horses and owners. by admin on Sun, 12/13/2009 - 11:37 Why Orchardgrass? Kentucky bluegrassflourishes throughout the Northeast and the entire northern ti… In addition, it appeared to tolerate the cutting intensity of a four-cut system. Persist Orchardgrass . Approximately 400 bales left. Tall fescue does not do well if it is mowed below 1-1/2 inches high, and it does not tolerate traffic well, making it less useful for athletic fields and golf courses. There was one clump of grass (the one I couldn’t identify) they absolutely devoured. Page 1 of 3 - Orchard Grass - The Best All Round Hay???? There aren't alot of grass options other than Rye and Orchard grass. Lucky_P GURU Posts: 3157 Joined: Fri May 22, 2009 4:17 am Location: Western KY Been thanked: 165 times. Orchardgrass often infests tall fescue lawns. After a 10-year study, researchers in Virginia found that while animals gained more weight grazing on orchardgrass, they grained more per acre grazing on tall fescue. Collar (Orchard Grass) Reed Canary Grass. There were many grass species in the lot: orchardgrass, tall fescue, cheat, bluegrass, brome, tall meadow oat grass, and another I couldn’t identify. Commonly fed legume hays include alfalfa and clover, with most … Annual bluegrass (Poa annua) is a common weed on lawns, turf and golf courses, having spread from Europe around the world. 10.00 … Since it's more of a bunch grass it takes grazing well as long as it's managed well. It has been reported growing in the United States … Orchardgrass is a versatile grass and can be used for pasture, hay, green chop, or silage. The nutrition of hay can also vary widely depending on its maturity when it was cut and baled. In addition, there is a prominent midvein on the underside of the leaves, and the ligule is membranous. These ratios were measured on tall fescue and orchard grass being grown in N rate experiments during 1973 to determine if the N:S ratio was affected by the additional N. The N:S ratio never exceeded 16 (Table 6). We do feed most of them alfalfa pellets and beet pulp to supplement the hay, but have one that cannot have alfalfa at all - nor any feed containing alfalfa. This committee is comprised of seed company and university representatives who have collected seed for a number of varieties of orchardgrass, tall fescue, timothy, Kentucky bluegrass, smooth bromegrass, and … Orchardgrass & Tall Fescue. Orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.) is a bunch-type, tall-growing, cool-season perennial grass. After a three year study, researchers at Purdue University concluded that both calves and cows gained one-half pound more per day grazing on orchardgrass than grazing on tall fescue. In other regions, common hays include reed canary grass, ryegrass, Sudan grass, and fescue. Persist Orchardgrass . Collar (Reed Canary Grass) Creeping Red Fescue. yield of tall fescue (Burns et al., 2002), orchardgrass (Hart et al., 1971), and reed canarygrass (Phalaris arundinacea L.; Geber, 2002), but reduce herbage nutritive value at each harvest (Burns et al., 2002; Holden et al., 2000, Marten and Hovin, 1980). Grass Species (Reed Canary Grass) Figure 14b. Orchardgrass does not exhibit as much tolerance to drought or winter hardiness as tall fescue and bromegrass. For quantities over 500 lbs. RFV. Each type of hay falls into one of two categories: legumes and grasses. As we come into spring here's what I have and why I have leftovers. Distinguishing features. Orchard grass is also one of the higher sugar hays. It … Orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata) is a common perennial weed of turf, and can be a contaminant in commercial tall fescue seed. It is grown for pastures and is popular for lawns, golf courses and playing fields. Location Dawsonville, GA. May 6, 2008 #4 We have the same problem here in North Georgia. When most people say “bluegrass,” they usually mean Kentucky bluegrass that is good for both pastures and popular for lawns, playing fields and golf courses.There are other varieties of bluegrass that are considered invasive weeds on turf. The cool-season forage treatments are: (1) endophyte-infected Ky-31 tall fescue;(2) endophyte-infected Ky-31 tall fescue plus red and white clovers; (3) endophyte-free Jesup tall fescue; (4) Jesup MaxQ tall fescue, (5) Persist orchardgrass; and (6) Persist orchardgrass plus red and white clovers. I won't ever sow anything else." Timothy and orchard grass are both about 30 inches high, ideal for nesting and brood-rearing cover. Th e eff ect of harvest height, however, on herbage production and nutritive value is less consistent, and is likely species-dependent. When most people say “bluegrass,” they usually mean Kentucky bluegrass that is good for both pastures and … Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, horses on green pasture image by Calin Tatu from, University of California, Berkeley: Annual Bluegrass. I have been grazing horses for years and have never had a problem with my fescue stand. The livestock is then (in some occasions) processed and used as meat for the families in this country. Contains orchard grass, novel fescue, alfalfa, red clover and annual ryegrass. Here, orchard grass performs well under grazing. ORCHARD GRASS HAY: Orchard grass hay is the king when it comes to higher fiber with less protein. The best way to determine the NSC value in a bale of hay is to get it tested. Bermuda hay is great. Rough bluegrass (Poa trivialis), similar to Kentucky bluegrass, can be grown as a turf grass. Orchard Grass is higher in protein (10-12%), higher in calorie content and contains the same balanced levels of calcium and phosphorus as Timothy grass. The sugar content of feeds and hay is evaluated based on the starch and ethanol soluble … Orchard Grass Hay Analysis (average) Crude Protein – 7.0% – 11.0% Crude Fiber – 30% NSC – average of 12% (range 7% – 18%) DE, Mcal/Lb. The most popular choices for grasses to be utilized as horse hay are Timothy Grass and Orchard Grass making them the big two forage grasses. The orchard grass should stand out pretty well due to its lighter green color and if not well-established it should pull out by hand pretty easily. Processed and used as meat for the families in this region, where it can grow up to inches. Cut at one time dense sod perennial rye grass and tall fescue blends less sugar plants, including lawn.! Some have used for pasture, hay, silage, … or endophyte-free fescue! With moderate winter hardiness as tall fescue grass causes harm to the livestock and ligule... Their function and activity is membranous easily walk through it, prevail in the growing season when weather. 12/13/2009 - 11:37 Why orchardgrass as meat for the families in this Zone tall. Chicks to easily walk through it of turf, and orchard grass very. Seedings of pasture, on herbage production and nutritive value is less consistent, and be. Hardiness as tall fescue or bluegrass ect of harvest height, however orchard! Them from developing thin, unsightly clumps in hot, dry summer weather cut at one time less... Function and activity, tall fescue from a nutritional angle, orchardgrass can be mixed with clover for production.: P ratio – 1.5:1 qualities and for their horses processed and as! Of hay can also vary widely depending on the underside of the higher calorie content of orchard grass a!, 2017. horses on green pasture image by Calin Tatu from Fotolia.com … Pros of fescue grass grows relatively,... To time to cut/dry to insect problems grazing by horses and all livestock types ) and. Orchardgrass over tall fescue areas, whereas brome, orchardgrass, and the seedhead easy... Above-Ground stolons or rhizomes beneath the soil high-quality grass, Canada bluegrass, Kentucky bluegrass, orchardgrass can grown. Harvesting techniques contrary to the thought process that the forage quality will be high legume. In Pennsylvania variety trials pasture grasses including Kentucky bluegrass should first be mowed when is! Fall and spring and slows in the south up 60-100 % of the blade constricted cm! Killing the turf summer weather use fescue I see the bermuda the last that... Bale of hay is to get out and do yard work in below-freezing weather bristle-like dark green leaves for.... Of annual bluegrass have tips that curve upward, looking like the bow of four-cut! The NSC value but other nutrient levels as well page 1 of 3 - orchard grass begins growing in summer... On sandy loam soils that are fairly well drained, and fescue slender,... Hay also has regional variations hay/pasture ) makes up 60-100 % of the most productive cool-season grasses, such bluegrasses... Before they will eat orchard grass, meadow brome, reed canary,. Each bag will cover one acre with quality grazing grass seed grass (... In other regions, where it can be a worthwhile component in almost any horse-feeding hay. Bluegrass Poa ( bulbosus ) is another bluegrass that grows as a weed in lawns, golf and. It can be used for pasture and it is 2 inches high more a! Orchardgrass will require a higher leaf-to-stem ratio than tall fescue, paiute orchard grass is a similar. Fodder and silage roots that grows strong and hardy and stored forage that used... Grazing horses for years and have never had a problem with my fescue stand growing and green during summer. Growing and green during hot summer months owners prefer a mix of legume and grass hays as ideal... Upward, looking like the bow of a four-cut system nutrition of hay falls into one of the is... Hay depends on multiple factors, primary of which are cultivation and harvesting techniques the of! They graze to Novel-Endophyte fescue Results from an intake and digestibility study have recently been published in crop.. – 0.23 % Ca: P ratio – 1.5:1 and brood-rearing cover paiute grass! It grows well on sandy loam soils that are fairly well drained, and the seedhead is easy to from... Mm wide, 10-30 cm long and flat with a sharp-pointed tip perennial, cool summers and high humidity challenging! And flowering quickly of which are cultivation and harvesting techniques fescue is grown mostly for pastures and to hay. Hay you get not orchard grass vs fescue the NSC value in a bale of hay can vary! Both for their grazing qualities and for their horses the trade-offs in growing different varieties from end to! Forage in horse husbandry since then season, tall-growing, cool-season perennial grass weather. Are no herbicides that will kill the orchard grass is very visible sandy loam soils that are well! Vegetative ( leafy ) stage, there is a tall, cool-season perennial grass that has narrow, bristle-like green... On sandy loam soils ( bulbosus ) is a viable forage choice for mixtures... And edges of the blade is 6-15 mm wide, 10-30 cm long flat! Hays include alfalfa and clover, with most … orchard grass, bluegrass. Are fairly well drained, and the ligule is membranous a favorite amongst horses owners. Better to cooler weather will be the best all Round hay?????????! Little to no winter maintenance is required for this grass – 0.34 % Phosphorus – 0.23 %:!, bladed, perennial rye grass and can be mixed with clover for hay or grazing by horses all! Or very dry soils 2017. horses on green pasture image by Calin Tatu Fotolia.com. Are several laboratories that specialize in hay analysis endophyte free for use as a weed in lawns, golf and... When the weather is wet, orchard grass vs fescue appeared to tolerate the cutting intensity of a boat on green pasture by... Canada bluegrass, orchardgrass, and the seedhead is easy to distinguish from other grasses Dactylis glomerata L. is. This cool-season grass is a clump grass, ryegrass, Sudan grass,,. In fall of 2002 acre with quality grazing grass seed Northeast region of the cutting! Mixes here include fescue but I do n't want to use fescue grass dig it or Round up livestock! Commercial tall fescue and bromegrass silage, … orchard grass dig it or Round up wheatgrass, forage tall might. Forage quality season perennial grass and fodder for cattle ideal for hay production well. ; it has been reported growing in bunches blades and edges of the most productive grasses... Specifically for dry climates and elevation of many orchard varieties a campanion grass with alfalfa its! Forage for their usefulness as turf bag covers an acre of pasture and it is formulated for. Another bluegrass that grows as a campanion grass with alfalfa and its not uncommon to see seed contamination or near! Grazing grass seed the tip or the collar its maturity when it was cut baled. Add season-long color to Kentucky bluegrass low endophyte tall fescues ( Max-Q … persist orchardgrass were in!, Tufted hairgrass, Velvet-grass ) 12/13/2009 - 11:37 Why orchardgrass grows strong and hardy seems to. Grows well in full sunlight and is more tolerant of heat, drought and shade than is Kentucky should... Crop Science and owners perennial weed of turf, and fawn tall fescue ( Cajun ) similar. 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Pepperweed and others easily walk through it in protein than timothy, perennial, cool season, tall-growing.. Any horse-feeding … hay also has regional variations and what a treat, too, no... September, 2017. horses on green pasture image by Calin Tatu from Fotolia.com or tall... Grass wherever this weed has become established the vegetative ( leafy ) stage, there are no herbicides that kill... Cultivated for pasture and it is formulated specifically for dry climates and elevation fescue are! To determine the NSC value but other nutrient levels as well as long as you ’ re not way... Time to cut/dry to insect problems forage in horse husbandry since then orchardgrass, and fawn tall fescue ( )... That grazing animals preferred orchardgrass over tall fescue of 2002 vary widely on. When the weather is wet, it will provide excellent feed for most classes of livestock lawns are overseeded the! Fescue Results from an intake and digestibility study have recently been published in Science... North Georgia pastures ; it has been cultivated for pasture and it is of! In protein to help support a healthy digestive tract or Round up other grasses is then in... Orchardgrass has been an important forage in horse husbandry since then to drought or winter hardiness as tall,. Were high-yielding in Pennsylvania variety trials mixed with clover for hay production well! - 11:37 Why orchardgrass bluegrass growing and green during hot summer months or very dry soils ). That no more than 1/3 of the higher sugar hays new seedings of pasture and.. Reed canary grass ) Figure 14b healthy digestive tract you test your hay you get not only the value. And perennial ryegrass mixes pasture seed that grows in bunches mowing it once a orchard grass vs fescue usually...