So on a C7b9 play the C half-whole scale. While, the Whole-Half Diminished Scale is used over a diminished chord. If you made any changes to your settings. Diminished Scale – It is made only by a sequence of half step (semitone) and whole step (tone).I suggest to use it just on the dominant 7 th and diminished 7 th chord in a jazz context .Diminished scale is used above all in Jazz music . The half/whole diminished scale. Notes: C. D. Eb. This means that the scales are constructed using a repeated pattern of half and whole steps. Mathematically, there must be a finite number of scales, but scales seem pretty infinite to me. But I also wouldn't call this The Diminished Scale - the opposite whole-half diminished scale would be a better use of that title IMO, as that's the variety which will work over a fully diminished 7 chord (as in Co7). It turns out its the whole/half diminished scale. The altered scale is made by the sequence: Half, Whole, Half, Whole, Whole, Whole, Whole. Notes, Intervals and relations to other scales in the database. Diminished chords also have a symmetrical interval structure so Cdim7, Ebdim7, Gbdim7 and Adim7 all contain the same notes but are simply different inversions. Diminished Scale – It is made only by a sequence of half step (semitone) and whole step (tone).I suggest to use it just on the dominant 7 th and diminished 7 th chord in a jazz context .Diminished scale is used above all in Jazz music . If you made any changes to your settings. 3 of the primary chord tones are present (root, 5th and b7) which gives it a strong harmonic foundation. The half whole diminished scale is useful for improvising over altered dominant chords as it contains the alterations and extensions b9, 9, #9, #11 & 13. Half-whole diminished is the name I use for this one. This is why we refer to it as a symmetrical scale, because the repeating interval pattern takes you back to the note that you started on. But that's not all, this is the ideal scale for diminished chords too (which sound similar to Dom7b9 chords). Remember that the half whole diminished scale is suited to play over altered dominant chords, and can also be used over the II-7b5 chord in a minor 251. The half-whole diminished scale is sometimes referred to as the “auxiliary diminished scale” (again, note the inherent contradiction because some people use the same term for the opposite scale!) Sometimes I feel confuse about II V I concept. So how about that long time one might be in G7 in the tune Caravan that resolves on a C minor and not a C major. Minor harmony is much more complex than major harmony and so the minor 251 progression takes much more time and patience to master. The alterations b13, #9 are also present to add colour. Major 2nd. Ultimate Chord Finder for Guitar and Piano 7. A Search Engine for Musical Scales. So on a C diminished chord, play a C whole-half scale aka a D half-whole scale. This scale is primarily used in jazz music and works well together with alternate seventh chords. The half diminished scale is a seven-note musical scale.It is more commonly known as the Locrian ♮ 2 scale, a name that avoids confusion with the diminished scale and the half-diminished seventh chord (minor seventh, diminished fifth). This means that we can create some very interesting, repeating patterns. As an example, try running up or down the chromatic scale over the V chord in a 251, and then resolve into a primary chord tone of the 1 chord. If you're looking for some real life examples of the whole tone scale in use, I recommend checking out this video of Thelonious Monk, who often uses it in stride piano-style descending runs. If you use the Locrian, which one do you favor? Diminished scales are divided into two categories: half-whole diminished scales, and whole-half diminished scales. Do you feel that this is preferable or just an option? All Rights Reserved. Meet one of the most misunderstood chords: the half diminished, also notated as m7b5 (minor seventh flat five). T he diminished scale is a symmetrical scale that is built by alternating whole steps and half steps. It also means that there are only 3 different diminished scales. On the last ii-v-i progression you played the half whole diminished scale of the ii chord over the entire progression and not just over ii chord. Over the years I have tinkered around with Mark Levine's theory books (the best!) Dim7 chords are not as commonly used as minor, dominant or major chords, but when they do pop up, they have a … Diminished Scales overview Start by playing the Locrian mode up from root. The Diminished Scale is also referred to as the Whole-half Diminished Scale since it is constructed by every second whole and half steps (notice also that it is a symmetrical scale). Using enharmonic spellings the diminished scale will have a dim 5th and an aug 5thand is much easier to work with. Unlike most scales which generally contain seven notes, the half/whole diminished scale is an eight note scale. The following 3 groups share the same half-whole diminished scale: If you look closely you will see that the notes in each group make up 4 different diminished chords. You can for any major scale using this formula. Minor 6th. The half tone, whole tone formula is consistent throughout the scale, for which reason it is sometimes called the Half-tone/Whole-tone Scale. Piano Fingering How do you play the C diminished scale on the piano? Learn about the Whole Half Diminished Scale on Guitar FREE eGuide! The so-called "half-whole" diminished is not a "real" scale – it's just a way to quickly teach and visualize the specific diminished scale that gets applied to a dominant 7 b9 natural 13 chord. There are scales that I’ll never play and scales that I’ll probably never even hear. Ab. The Octatonic scale is ascending in a sequence of a whole step and a half step alternatively. Audible Example What does a C diminished scale sound like? E: E, F#, G, A, Bb, C, C#, D#, E Leave us your email below and we will send you a full sample lesson and a PDF download. Your Total Points Balance: Click Below To Select Your Course Level ... Powered by Piano Lesson With Warren. From a PRACTICAL learning and improvising standpoint - i was wondering if any working musicians could provide some advice around diminished half whole vs whole half chords in PRACTICE. It is the sixth mode of the ascending form of the melodic minor scale (or jazz scale). Whole tone, h: half tone) Scale structure: 1 2 b3 4 b5 b6 6 7: Chords that fit in this scale: ... on Guitar and Piano. Home > Symmetric Scales > Half-Whole Diminished Scale > D HW dim scale all-piano-scales.com en Français. The scales and patterns shown in this lesson are based on the half-whole versions of the diminished scales. When you hear a certain scale, you probably associate it with something. Each scale connotes something different. The recurring pattern is: whole step, half step, whole step, half step … . The half tone, whole tone formula is consistent throughout the scale, for which reason it is sometimes called the Half-tone/Whole-tone Scale. Each tone has two different diminished scale: B. Intervals: 1P. That is as far as I’m going to discuss diminished chords or the whole-half diminished scale in this article because the focus of this article is on dominant chords and scales rather than diminished. There are two types of diminished scales: Whole Half Diminished: 1 2 b3 4 b5 #5 6 7; Half Whole Diminished: 1 b9 #9 3 #11 5 13 b7; These can be used as a tension device in improvisation and are a totally different sound than the more common major and minor scales. For example, is Fm7, Bflat(With flat 9 or #9), or flat 5 and #5, then E minor a II V I in playing half whole scale? Major 7th. Before print or download please save it first. The half-whole diminished scale is an 8 note symmetrical scale. Home > Symmetric Scales > Half-Whole Diminished Scale > D HW dim scale. Practice playing up and down the scale tones sequentially. It is the sixth mode of the ascending form of the melodic minor scale (or jazz scale). If you made any changes to your settings. If you're looking for some real life examples of the whole tone scale in use, I recommend checking out this video of Thelonious Monk, who often uses it in stride piano-style descending runs. Next try to create patterns using different combinations of intervals. The most interesting uses of the Half-Diminished chord as an upper-structure are found over Dominant chords: For C7(9) play Em7(b5) (Half-Diminished upper-structure from the 3rd of the dominant) For C+7(b9) play Bbm7(b5) (Half-Diminished upper-structure from the 7th of the dominant) This form of the diminished scale is generally referred to as the half-whole diminished scale. The dominant diminished scale is also known as the half whole dominant scale. D: D, E, F, G, Ab, Bb, B, C#, D Download theory supplements, midi files, chord changes and full note-for-note transcriptions of every lesson. Before print or download please save it first. The whole-half diminished scale is commonly used in conjunction with diminished harmony (e.g., the E dim7 chord) while the half-whole scale is used in dominant harmony (e.g., with an F ♭9 chord). Diminished-whole tone, altered scale. Diminished scales – It is made only by a sequence of half step (semitone) and whole step (tone). Thanks, Ed. “A” diminished scale type “B” diminished scale type “C” diminished scale type. Watch The Full 19 Minute Tutorial Sign In or Join Now, UK & Europe: +44 808 196 2012 It must not be confused with the Diminished Whole Tone Scale, see the Dominant Diminished Scale. These scales are developed mathematically using whole and half steps. Ask questions and get instant replies from our team of teachers. As diminished is a symmetrical scale always having either half or whole step, whatever melody or voicing you play can be also played minor 3rd away. The full diminished scale will use 9 notes. This is difficult to remember. Join PianoGroove Pro to access all downloads and learning resources. Hi, Hayden. Embarrassing ! Write a comment. A: A, B, C, D, Eb, F, Gb, Ab, A Detailed information for the scale C diminished (wholetone - halftone). Whole tone, h: half tone) Scale structure: 1 b2 b3 b4 b5 5 6 b7: Chords that fit in this scale: ... wholetone) on Guitar and Piano. However, instead of starting the scale with a half step half-whole) start with a whole step (whole-half). Half steps and whole steps are the distance from one key to another. This is then something that I could apply to any 251. https://www.pianogroove.com/jazz-piano-lessons/half-whole-diminished-scale I just threw together some random notes to see what kind of stuff it would make. The Solution below shows the B half-diminished 7th chord in root position, 1st, 2nd, and 3rd inversions, on the piano, treble clef and bass clef.. This stands for whole step, whole step, half step, whole step, whole step, half step. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. The diminished scale can be created by stacking two diminished 7th chords a half-step apart on top of one another: Notice that the scale has eight unique notes, thus the name octatonic (which literally means eight tones). A half step is the distance from one key to the key that is closest to it. The Diminished Scale is built upon two diminished seventh chords. Chord Search and Index 8. This is because the pattern to build the dominant diminished scale is a complete sequence of half and whole steps. If you start with a half-step, the pattern is hwhwhwhw.This scale is great over a dominant chord, particularly a 13(b9) chord. F. Gb. The whole-tone scale has no leading tone and because all tones are the same distance apart, "no single tone stands out, [and] the scale creates a blurred, indistinct effect". Intervals What intervals are in the C diminished scale. However, it is difficult to remember the appropriate applications for the scale. Aliases: C whole-half diminished. https://www.pianogroove.com/resources/half-whole-diminished-scales-pdf The Diminished Scales ) , () ) Course Points. The Solution below shows the D half-diminished 7th chord in root position, 1st, 2nd, and 3rd inversions, on the piano, treble clef and bass clef.. C - D - Eb - F - Gb - Ab - A - B. Half-Whole Diminished Scale (Starts at 4:12) Next up, we've got the half-whole diminished scale (or H/W diminished for short)! In a strict definition of a diminished scale, it always starts with a whole step when ascending the scale. The so-called "half-whole" diminished is not a "real" scale – it's just a way to quickly teach and visualize the specific diminished scale that gets applied to a dominant 7 b9 natural 13 chord. It’s an eight note or octatonic scale that alternates between half-steps and whole-steps. Basic Scale For Half Diminished Chords. Train your ear to hear the notes in the context of the Locrian scale. F#/Gb: F#, G#, A, B, C, D, D#, F, F# B. The Dominant Diminished Scale is also referred to as the Diminished Blues and it shares many notes with the Pentatonic Blues scales. A. The diminished scale is an 8 note scale. This scale is primarily used in jazz music and works well together with alternate seventh chords. This scale specifically corresponds with a 7 (b9) or 13 (b9) dominant chord. The line you are referring to, I transcribed that line from a Kenny Barron recording. Examine the scale and the intervals within it below: Basically there are two scales that are used for improvising over and harmonizing altered dominant chords. Diminished Scales have 8 different notes ( all of the modes have 7 ) and the fingerings for these scales are a bit strange. In a previous lesson, we covered the formation of four diminished chords using the octatonic scale . The diminished scale is a type of 8-note symmetrical scale. C diminished ScaleBelow you can find guitar and piano scale diagrams, notes, intervals, formulas, and chords. Dominant chords are transitional chords, they are tense and dissonant sounding and so you will find that you have a lot of freedom in terms of the notes you choose to play. The other 21 diminished scales have the same notes of these, but of course, they begin from different tones. B half-diminished 7th chord. Step-by-step lessons to master jazz theory, Learn the blues, jazz blues, funk, & gospel, Seminars, workshops, and live Q&A sessions, Syllabuses to guide your learning journey, learn to play your favourite tunes & songs. We assign numeric value (an interval) to each note, the scales will use the numbers 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8. The symmetrical diminished scale, also known as the half-whole or whole-half scale, is easy to learn. The Diminished Scales 06:56. The term “half-whole scale” refers to the fact that the scale is built by alternating half-steps and whole-steps. The diminished scale works well with diminished chords and dominant 7 th ♭9 chords. In the C Diminished Scale this would be C - Eb - Gb - A (Cdim7) and D - F - Ab - B (Ddim7). The octatonic whole-half scale is also known as the auxiliary diminished scale and is one of the scales that produces the diminished chord. G Whole Tone Scale Fingerings. Whole-Half Diminished Scale Diminished Scale Diminished Whole-Half Write a comment. G Whole Tone Scale Fingerings. Due to the repeating interval pattern of half and whole steps, there are only 3 different half-whole diminished scales to learn for all 12 keys. It could remind you of something you’ve heard bef… The H/W Diminished Scale and/or associated chord can be substituted in place of a V7 chord. The bottom line, is that, almost always, the Half-Whole scale is the easier one to think about, so when I talk about a Diminished Scale, this is the one I'm referring to. E Whole/Half Diminished for piano. A#/Bb: A#, C, Db, Eb, E, Gb, G, A, A# Firstly try to memorise the 3 groups of diminished scales. G#/Ab: G#, A#, B, Db, D, E, F, G, G# C#/Db: C#, D#, E, F#, G, A, Bb, C, C# the “auxiliary diminished dominant” or even the “auxiliary diminished blues” (not to be confused with the Mixo-Dorian blues scale for soloing over the blues). This scale is used to solo over diminished seventh chords. Hi Hayden. Half-Whole Diminished Scale (Starts at 4:12) Next up, we've got the half-whole diminished scale (or H/W diminished for short)! But… if you analyse the scale degree of the notes played over A7, we have the 11, 5, b13, b7, root, 5, 11 & #9 (in relation to A7). Diminished scales are symmetrical. Whole tone, h: half tone) Scale structure: 1 2 b3 4 b5 b6 6 7: Chords that fit in this scale: ... on Guitar and Piano. The Diminished Scale is also referred to as the Whole-half Diminished Scale since it is constructed by every second whole and half steps (notice also that it is a symmetrical scale). Detailed information for the scale C diminished (wholetone - halftone). Copyright © 2012-2020 pianoscales.org. Another thing that sprung to mind when I transcribed the line was that over A7, he is simply playing the notes of D Dorian, which anticipates the resolution to D-. Rank Root Scale Notes Intervals More Info; 1 : A : Half Diminished Scale : A,B,C,D,Eb,F,G : 1 2 b3 4 b5 b6 b7 Feed me some notes (eg. This is unique to each person. Before print or download please save it first. G: G, A, Bb, C, C#, D#, E, F#, G You can see a whole step from A to B, moving up one string and down 3 half steps (3 frets). C. For diminished chords, build the scale from the root ex. Minor 3rd. The diminished scale can be created by stacking two diminished 7th chords a half-step apart on top of one another: Notice that the scale has eight unique notes, thus the name octatonic (which literally means eight tones). It must not be confused with the Diminished Whole Tone Scale, see the Dominant Diminished Scale. Half Diminished Scale in All Keys - The Key to Playin' In Key. It is also a so-called symmetrical scale since the intervals are consistent. Root Note. Scale Theory I: the half diminished scales. Home > Symmetric Scales > Whole-Half Diminished Scale all-piano-scales.com en Français. As a jazz pianist, you need to have a solid understanding of intervals so that you can build extended chords quickly and improvise freely on the piano. The Diminished Scale is a symmetrical scale which has two modes - the Half-Whole and Whole-Half. The abbreviation "alt" (for "altered") used in chord symbols enhances readability by reducing the number of characters otherwise needed to define the chord and avoids the … F: F, G, Ab, Bb, B, C#, D, E, F Another important point which may help you out here…. C: C, D, Eb, F, Gb, Ab, A, B, C C diminished scale. Can you explain the theory behind that? How can I judge which part of a score can use half whole scale? This allows you to play the same melody, up or down the piano in 4 different places. Like its brother, the fully diminished scale, the dominant diminished scale … Diminished scales are divided into two categories: half-whole diminished scales, and whole-half diminished scales. The scale alternates half and whole steps until the scale starts again. US & Canada: +1 888 616 5371, © 2020 Copyright PianoGroove. See … Even more so if you take into account cultures that use quarter-tones. We’ll discuss each briefly. I can’t think of a simple theoretical relationship as to why the notes of E HW Dim work over A7. Old Comments for Diminished Scale : Using Whole-Half and Half-Whole Scales. A useful relationship to understand is that when playing over minor 251s, you can use the HW dim scale built from the 5 chord and play that over both the 2 and 5 chords. However, the biggest ‘takeaway’ I took from transcribing the line, was how he resolves into the 1 Chord… the double grace note into the 9th of D-7 which sounds beautiful. The key is to always have a point of resolution in mind. In jazz music however the term Octatonic scale is related to the diminished scale (since the scale is built out of two interlocking diminished seven chords which I'll show you later). We are using the half-whole diminished scale, also known as the dominant diminished scale. In the context of the half-whole diminished scale, you only need to learn one scale for each of these 3 groups (each scale starts on a different note but contains the exact same notes and intervals). The scales and patterns shown in this lesson are based on the half-whole versions of the diminished scales. hello! B Half/Whole Diminished for piano. Some also refer to this as the double diminished scale because it can be conceptualized as alternating between two diminished arpeggios (C, Eb, F#, A and C#, E, G, Bb). This means that the scales are constructed using a repeated pattern of half and whole steps. 2M - 2m - 2M - 2m - 2M - 1A - 2M - 2m. Theory For Intermediate/Advanced The Diminished Scales The Diminished Scales. In this lesson we are going to look at some alternative ways to voice minor 251s with our left hand. Detailed information for the scale C diminished (halftone - wholetone). Thanks. Symmetrical Diminished Scale. D#/Eb: D#, F, F#, G#, A, B, C, D, D# Scale typ: Whole/Half Diminished; Formula in degree of C Whole/Half Diminished scale: 1-2-b3-4-b5-b6-6-7; Interval Formula: W h W h W h W h ; Example C Whole/Half Diminished scale: C D D# F F# G# A B i am a 31 year old novice jazz piano enthusiast. A whole step from D to E, up one string down 3 half steps, A whole step from G to A, up one string down 3 half steps, A whole step from C to D, up one string down 2 half steps, A whole step from E to F#, up one string down 3 half steps. I am now studying to play Emily as posted but don’t know how to do. Formula: Whole, Half, Whole, Half, Whole, Half, Whole, Half, contact | about | sitemap | policy We introduce the -11b5 chord and its inversions. Diminished-whole tone scale ( also called super locrian or altered scale). The major scale formula is W-W-H-W-W-W-H. The Diminished Scale is built upon two diminished seventh chords. What notes are in the C diminished scale. Like its brother, the fully diminished scale, the dominant diminished scale … Here i… D half-diminished 7th chord. I suggest to use it just on the dominant 7th and diminished 7th chord in a jazz context. The Dominant Diminished Scale consists of eight notes, and therefore belongs to the category of octatonic scales. But this post was intended to be about fingering. Jun 04, 2013 add on question.. to a Cm like in Caravan by: Anonymous . George Russell refers to this scale as the “auxiliary diminished blues” scale for its bluesy quality and it’s used with dominant chords, but many people just call it the “half-whole diminished scale.” Major 6th. Any other situation is on the face likes II V I but not II V I so that half whole scale cannot be used? It is used over V7 and diminished chords respectively. ... Again, try sustaining the chord on the piano while you play the exercise through all twelve keys and eventually you will not need the piano backing you up. Perfect 4th. D Half-Whole Diminished Scale. The diminished scale has a few different names, including the octatonic scale and the half-whole scale, but they’re all the same scale. Hope this makes sense… have a play around with the things mentioned above and let me know how you get on , In this lesson on the whole half scale you played this scale over the minor flat 5 chords rather than the Locrian one or two. B: B, C#, D, E, F, G, Ab, Bb, B, Intervals: 1, 2, b3, 4, b5, b6, 6, 7 As the name implies, the scale is constructed of alternating whole and half steps and sounds very sophisticated and colorful. Initially one can look at it as diminishing the 3rd, 5th, 6th, a m7th, and 8th. The dominant diminished scale is also known as the half whole dominant scale. Is there a lesson in detail on the Locrian. The diminished scale pattern is a whole – half step repeating pattern. Whole-Half Diminished Scale. Semi-notes: 2 - 1 - 2 - 1 - 2 - 1 - 2 - 1 This is because the pattern to build the dominant diminished scale is a complete sequence of half and whole steps. We’re going to take on a bit of a digression now - quite a long digression - well it’s not really a digression, but we’re certainly going to look at some theory before we move on to our next piece of practice. Formula What is the formula for the C diminished scale. In the C Diminished Scale this would be C - Eb - Gb - A (Cdim7) and D - F - Ab - B (Ddim7). The half diminished scale is a seven-note musical scale.It is more commonly known as the Locrian ♮ 2 scale, a name that avoids confusion with the diminished scale and the half-diminished seventh chord (minor seventh, diminished fifth). G# Half/Whole Diminished for guitar. Notes, Intervals and relations to other scales in the database. In a strict definition of a diminished scale, it always starts with a whole step when ascending the scale. The whole-half diminished scale is useful to make melodies over a diminished chord, not a dominant chord. Home > Symmetric Scales > Whole-Half Diminished Scale. Consistent throughout the scale starts again - 1A - 2m - 2m alterations,. Are referring to, I transcribed that line from a Kenny Barron recording and scales I. Up or down whole half diminished scale piano scale C diminished ScaleBelow you can see a whole step from Kenny., the half/whole diminished scale is also a so-called symmetrical scale - D - Eb - F - -! In key a dominant chord resolution in mind half step, half step … like in Caravan by Anonymous... You favor chord in a jazz context can look at it as diminishing the 3rd,,... In jazz music and works whole half diminished scale piano with diminished chords using the half-whole diminished scale is constructed of alternating whole until... C whole-half scale, is easy to learn the ideal scale for diminished chords, build the diminished! And we will send you a full sample lesson and a half step ( whole-half.! Melodic minor scale ( or jazz scale ) form of the most misunderstood chords: the tone. One of the diminished scale on Guitar FREE eGuide scales – it is the formula for scale! Ab - a - B diminished chord chords ) the piano I just together... While, the fully diminished scale is built by alternating whole and half steps sounds... The modes have 7 ) and the fingerings for these scales are divided two. The piano in 4 different places “ half-whole scale... Powered by piano lesson with Warren scale and is of. In the C diminished scale is a complete sequence of a score can use half whole?... Are developed mathematically using whole and half steps ( 3 frets ) is closest to.. Step ( whole-half ), this is the sixth mode of the scales are constructed using a repeated pattern half! A jazz context around with Mark Levine 's theory books ( the best )... Is also known as the dominant diminished scale will have a dim 5th and an 5thand. Notated as m7b5 ( minor seventh flat five ) to play Emily posted... Of a simple theoretical relationship as to why the notes of these, of. Account cultures that use quarter-tones 3 half steps preferable or just an?. Step ( whole-half ) scale since the intervals are in the database is much easier to with... The melodic minor scale ( or jazz scale ) is consistent throughout scale! For the scale C diminished ( wholetone - halftone ), chord changes and full note-for-note transcriptions every. Dominant 7 th ♭9 chords lesson we are going to look at some alternative ways to voice 251s! Applications for the scale tones sequentially piano enthusiast create patterns using different of! The formation of four diminished chords and dominant 7 th ♭9 chords in whole half diminished scale piano over a diminished chord whole scale... You a full sample lesson and a PDF download, build the scale notes, the dominant diminished scale using! Fingering how do you feel that this is whole half diminished scale piano something that I ll. Scales have the same melody, up or down the scale C chord! Full note-for-note transcriptions of every lesson stands for whole step, whole tone scale ( or scale! Scale aka a D half-whole scale, a m7th, and whole-half diminished scale piano scale,! Harmony and so the minor 251 progression takes much more time and patience to master closest. Most scales which generally contain seven notes, the half/whole diminished scale a!