Himalayan balsam is a problematic plant for the garden. 1.11 Alternatively, herbicide spot spraying treatment of all Himalayan balsam can be carried A native of the Western Himalaya, it was introduced in 1839 to Kew Gardens as a greenhouse exotic. How Can You Stop the Spread: Learn to identify Himalayan Balsam. Kent, United Kingdom . GOV.WALES uses cookies which are essential for the site to work. As GOV.UK explains, you can be fined up to £5,000 or be sent to prison for 2 years if you do not properly dispose of Himalayan balsam … It’s also not acceptable to dispose of Himalayan Balsam for recycling in council-provided green waste wheelie bins, or in fact to take it to tips as this constitutes a risk of spreading it even further. Himalayan Balsam. It’s also not acceptable to dispose of Himalayan Balsam for recycling in council-provided green waste wheelie bins, or in fact to take it to tips as this constitutes a risk of spreading it even further. The seedpods open in such a way that the seeds are thrown several metres away from the parent plant, helping the species to rapidly spread – often quoted as 20 metres in all directions per season. Land managers often give up when faced with controlling Himalayan balsam over a large area due to… We have a number of balsam ‘pits’ around the nature reserve so we can safely dispose of the plants without having to drag them too far. If you need a more accessible version of this document please email, Himalayan balsam: controlling it on your land, Harmful (injurious) weeds and invasive non-native species, , To clear ground contaminated with Himalayan balsam, you may need to remove soil up to 6 metres from the parent plant and to a depth of 0.5 metres. But can I ask you to please be mindful of how you dispose of them? To ensure a complete eradication, we … As GOV.UK explains, you can be fined up to £5,000 or be sent to prison for 2 years if you do not properly dispose of Himalayan balsam … Himalayan Balsam is commonly found adjacent to watercourses, in damp ground, and increasingly on roadside verges. How to identify, control and dispose of Himalayan balsam. Himalayan balsam is a tall growing annual, 2-3m (6-10ft) in height. Scottish Rural Development Programme 2014 - 2020 . Control of Himalayan Balsam should ideally happen when the plants have grown to a good height, but have not yet flowered. 31 and 32). We are asking local landowners and other inter-ested parties to help us in this task. It is fast-growing and spreads quickly, invading wet habitat at the expense of other, native flowers. It is fast-growing and spreads quickly, invading wet habitat at the expense of other, native flowers. Himalayan Balsam grows between 1 and 2 metres in height with 2 or 3 serrated green leaves being arranged at node points along the green / red stems. Himalayan balsam was introduced as a garden plant in 1839, but soon escaped and became widely naturalised along riverbanks and ditches, especially close to towns. Himalayan Balsam. But can I ask you to please be mindful of how you dispose of them? It’s important to time your Himalayan balsam control so you don’t inadvertently spread more seeds. Correct identification is important so you can control the plants in the most effective way. Himalayan Balsam, Indian Balsam, Bobby Tops, Copper Tops, Gnome’s Hatstand, Ornamental Jewelweed, Policeman’s Helmet, Kiss-me-on-the-Mountain Botanical name Impatiens glandulifera Meaning of botanical name Impatiens is from the Latin for impatient, referring to how the seed pods burst open. Himalayan balsam is a fairly common and widespread weed nowadays! They are being left strewn on roadsides, paths and pavements, and they become a hazard for walkers, especially when wet, as they get mashed into slime as people walk across them. Himalayan balsam Botanical Name. Learn how to effectively manage himalayan balsam on your property. The pulling technique must be undertaken so that whole plant is uprooted and normally best done if pulled from low down the plant - If snapping occurs at a node the pulling must be completed to include the roots. Kudos to those who are still uprooting the invading Himalayan balsam plants. Introduced to the UK in 1839, Himalayan balsam is now a naturalised plant, found especially on riverbanks and in waste places where it has become a problem weed. As hopefully you can tell, eradicating Himalayan balsam from a site once it has taken over is not easy. Himalayan balsam has a very shallow root making uprooting by hand easy. You don't have to remove … • It is listed under schedule 9 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 – it is an offence to plant or cause this species to ... disposal or putting them in the recycling bin in case there is contamination by seeds. Dispose of Himalayan Balsam plants in the garbage. Himalayan Balsam seed. Although the roots of the Himalayan Balsam don’t go down as far as Japanese Knotweed, it can still be a difficult weed to get rid of. As GOV.UK explains, you can be fined up to £5,000 or be sent to prison for 2 years if you do not properly dispose of Himalayan balsam … Dead and decaying plant material can enter the water and as result increases the risk of flooding. The plant produces a large amount of nectar which may result in less pollination of native species by bumblebees and a subsequent loss of biodiversity. Reproduces by seed so spread is managed by controlling seed production/bank. Japanese knotweed. Identification. Learn to identify Himalayan Balsam. For alternative planting options to Himalayan balsam download the ISCBC's Grow Me Instead brochure (pg. This is best achieved by: • Production of a detailed Himalayan balsam management plan. Large, tall, orchid-looking plants will flower up and down the country. GOV.WALES uses cookies which are essential for the site to work. It escaped into the wild and is now recorded throughout the UK, particularly along the banks of watercourses. The flowers are followed by seed pods that open explosively when ripe. This is usually around June. Dependent on local climate, Himalayan balsam flowers between July and October. Meet at Bradley Stoke Library at 6pm. Balsaminaceae (balsam) Also known as. The pulling technique must be undertaken so that whole plant is uprooted and normally best done if pulled from low down the plant - If snapping occurs at a node the pulling must be completed to include the roots. Guided Nature Tours in Greater Manchester, Merseyside & Lancashire Website Built & Supported By: WebCentric360.com. Rural Priorities. By Russ Leave a Comment. Himalayan balsam facts. We are running free workshops with practical demonstrations where you will learn how to identify, pull and dispose of Himalayan balsam. It prefers moist soils but will grow pretty much anywhere. The best time is early to mid-summer, before the seeds have matured. Himalayan balsam tolerates low light levels and also shades out other vegetation, so gradually impoverishing habitats by … A very invasive, non-native plant which is illegal to grow or cause the growth of. If you’re getting rid of Himalayan balsam plants by hand, let the cut plants lie on the ground in the sun for a few days to dry out and die before composting them. Dispose of at refuse transfer station. It is important to make sure that when disposing of Himalayan balsam, the waste disposal site has a permit to accept and dispose of invasive species. Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera) is a species native to the western Himalayas. Himalayan balsam, it is a good idea to establish a new grass sward immediately after the first cut/hand-pull of balsam and then keep the grass mown for 2/3 years until all remaining balsam seeds have germinated. They are being left strewn on roadsides, paths and pavements, and they become a hazard for walkers, especially when wet, as they get mashed into slime as people walk across them. It has an explosive seed capsule, which scatters seeds over a distance of up to 7m. the Western Himalayas, in the early 1800s it was spread, as these things are, to Europe, New Zealand, and North America by gardeners. Himalayan balsam is a fairly common and widespread weed nowadays! We have a number of balsam ‘pits’ around the nature reserve so we can safely dispose of the plants without having to drag them too far. A single plant can produce 2500 seeds which are brown, turning black as they mature. In Canada, this weed was first identified in Ottawa in 1901. Himalayan Balsam. I’d appreciate any advice on how to get rid of Himalayan Balsam in the back garden of a house we recently bought. 1.11 Alternatively, herbicide spot spraying treatment of all Himalayan balsam can be carried out during May of each year, again before plants seed. Since then it has become a problem weed. Himalayan Balsam Impatiens glandulifera Control of invasive non-native species A local project is currently underway with the aim of tackling Himalayan Balsam in this area. Between June and October it produces clusters of purplish pink (or rarely white) helmet-shaped flowers. Himalayan balsam; Menu. Himalayan balsam is often found on river banks and waste land it … It is locally c… RSC Group are able to treat or remove the Himalayan Balsam and dispose of it environmentally in approved sites. The explosion of the Himalayan balsam’s fruit capsule can fire seeds up to seven metres. Non-essential cookies are also used to … Control of Himalayan Balsam should ideally happen when the plants have grown to a good height, but have not yet flowered. How it spreads. It is important to make sure that when disposing of Himalayan balsam, the waste disposal site has a permit to accept and dispose of invasive species. A clump of plants with flowers of different colours is a lovely sight. Between June and October it produces clusters of purplish pink (or rarely white) helmet-shaped flowers. This is often because the plant grows in inaccessible areas or sites of high conservation status where chemical and/or manual control is not an option. Indian balsam, policeman’s helmet, Impatiens roylei. Himalayan balsam Appearance. It grows in dense stands and can be up to 2m tall. South Gloucestershire Council’s Wild4Life project and the Avon Invasive Weeds project work together to organise events each summer. Managing Himalayan balsam To reduce costs and additional effort it is important to prevent Himalayan balsam from spreading around a site contaminating unaffected areas. Hops climb the trellises, with the Balsam in the middle. Their dazzling colours will fill woodland, meadows and waterways and their scent will spread far and wide. Himalayan balsam (Inpatiens glandulifera) is a large annually growing plant that is native to the Himalayan mountains.Due to human introduction, it has now spread across much of the Northern Hemisphere. All rights reserved. Himalayan Balsam (Impatiens glanulifera) is an attractive looking flower, with a stout, hollow stem, trumpet shaped pink/white flowers and elliptical shaped green leaves. The annual Big Pull campaign begins on Saturday 31 May, ahead of […] You should not remove soil while the seed pods are present. Himalayan balsam flowers may be white, light pink, dark pink, purple, or multicoloured. Your email address will not be published. Traditional control methods are currently inadequate in controlling Himalayan balsam in the UK. Following eradication, you must ensure soil which may contain Himalayan balsam seeds is not used until the year following the year where no new seedlings appeared. To bury invasive non-native plant waste without a permit you must meet the conditions in Treatment and disposal of invasive non-native plants: RPS 178. This August, there will be a sudden explosion of colour. Himalayan balsam is widely distributed across Canada and can be found in eight provinces. Getting Rid of Himalayan Balsam. Himalayan Balsam Method Statement 4609.001 3 Version 1.0 June 2014 2.0 IDENTIFICATION AND IMPLICATIONS OF HIMALAYAN BALSAM Species Characteristics 2.1 Himalayan balsam is a non-native plant that was introduced to Britain in 1839. Impatiens glandulifera. Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera) is an introduced summer annual that has naturalised in the UK, mainly along riverbanks and ditches. Japanese Knotweed Ltd are experienced contractors in the surveying and remediation of invasive non-native plant species, including Himalayan balsam. Eradication may be possible in two to three years unless your site is being colonised by seeds from further upstream. As hopefully you can tell, eradicating Himalayan balsam from a site once it has taken over is not easy. Nature Talks & Walks. Joining during the last few weeks of any possible Himalayan Balsam removal, I was shown the extent of the problem at some of our sites and how to correctly dispose of them – the job itself was incredibly satisfying but sometimes getting to these “forests” of Balsam was trickier than first thought. By continuing to use this site, you agree to our use of cookies. Typical locations: along waterways, on derelict land, along verges and in parks. By mid-summer the HB is over 6'. 1. file type: PDF, file size: 3 MB, Giant hogweed: controlling it on your land, Japanese knotweed: controlling it on your land. The Big Pull is a community conservation project which aims to tackle the rapid spread of Himalayan balsam along our river banks and open spaces. The shape of a flower reminded someone of a traditional policeman's helmet worn in Britain, giving the plant one of its alternate names. List of Options. It is commonly found in areas of damp soil such as river banks and nearby woodlands. This weed competes with plants, native to the UK, for light, nutrients, pollinators and space. Himalayan Balsam Removal Specialists. Workshops take place on the following dates: Monday 21 May from 6pm to 8pm at the Three Brooks Local Nature Reserve in Bradley Stoke. In autumn the plants die back, leaving the ground bare of … Resources . Himalayan Balsam is tolerant of shade and it is now impossible to map the location of rivers using distribution maps of Himalayan Balsam because it has moved into woodland habitats and moist soils too. It was introduced to the UK in 1839 and is now a … Himalayan Balsam is an invasive plant with easily identifiable pink or white heart-shaped flowers, that was introduced to the UK in 1839. Populations Himalayan balsam is an invasive herbaceous plant that was initially introduced to North America as a garden ornamental. It can only be disposed of as controlled waste as defined by the council Environmental Health Services. 1.6 Detailed information relating to the legislation mentioned above can be found in Appendix C. 1.7 An ecological survey was undertaken in September 2013. Himalayan balsam was introduced as a garden plant in 1839, but soon escaped and became widely naturalised along riverbanks and ditches, especially close to towns. When walking or hiking, stay on marked trails, keep pets on a leash to reduce the spread of seeds. Plants can grow up to 3m tall, making this the tallest annual species growing wild in the UK. Do not plant Himalayan Balsam in gardens or landscaping. You should pull by hand or strim regrowth before the plants flower. Himalayan balsam is the tallest annual plant in Europe; each stem can be 2.5 metres tall. The flower has five petals, one of which forms a hood over the flower. Farming, Forestry and Rural Issues. Generally, Himalayan balsam grows to just over 2 metres tall and can be seen flowering in the middle and end of summer. Where is it originally from? However it may be easier to leave them until the end of June, start of July, when the plants have flowered, as they will be easier to spot. Uprooted plants can be left to air dry and decompose on a non-permeable membrane. It is primarily found near river banks and wasteland. Disposal - Plants must only be composted or burnt when seeds are not present. Visit nonnativespecies.org for help identifying plants . Impacts of Himalayan Balsam. Himalayan balsam is the tallest annual plant in Europe; each stem can be 2.5 metres tall. Himalayan balsam; Rhododendron ponticum; New Zealand pigmyweed (this is banned from sale) How to identify, control and dispose of plants that can harm people, livestock and the environment. Kudos to those who are still uprooting the invading Himalayan balsam plants. Himalayan Balsam was first introduced into the UK and Ireland in 1839 it is also known as Impatiens glandulifera. When hiking, reduce the spread of invasive plants and seeds by staying on trails and keeping pets on a leash. 1.5 Failure to manage and dispose of this species in accordance with current guidelines and legislation can lead to prosecution. How to identify, control and dispose of Himalayan balsam. • Himalayan balsam is an annual plant with bright purple-pink flowers. Himalayan balsam plants can produce around 2500 seeds each year. The characteristic purplish-pink slipper-shaped flowers first appear in June. Where it's found. You will need to check for regrowth regularly. Impact Native Habitats: Himalayan Balsam can rapidly out-compete native plants due to its ability to rapidly reproduce and grow in dense stands. 6. The project is a collaboration of fishing clubs, nature conservation groups and landowners. Do not compost. Himalayan Balsam is the tallest annual plant in the UK growing up to 3 metres in height a year. Family. … dispose of this plant is available at www.peakdistrict.gov.uk Himalayan Balsam: Characteristics and Risks Himalayan Balsam plants grow in dense stands that suppress the growth of native grasses and other flora. It can only be disposed of as controlled waste as defined by the council Environmental Health Services. All of Wales is at alert level 4. Do not dispose of invasive plants in the compost pile – discard them in the regular garbage. As Himalayan Balsam dies back during the fall months river and stream banks are left exposed. In autumn the plants die back, leaving the ground bare of vegetation, and therefore liable to erosion. If you've ever wandered along a riverbank, pond or lake, we guarantee you will have seen it at least once! Himalayan Balsam (Impatiens glandulifera) Controlling the Spread of Himalayan Balsam The Plant. How to get rid of Himalayan Balsam. The plant has an explosive mechanism by which ripe seeds are hurled from the plant, to enlarge the colony or be carried away by water to fresh ground - the seeds may be thrown as far as 2m away. Annual reproduction of this plant occurs in the summer, when the … dispose of this plant is available at www.peakdistrict.gov.uk Himalayan Balsam: Characteristics and Risks Himalayan Balsam plants grow in dense stands that suppress the growth of native grasses and other flora. By Kennyg. Himalayas (Northern Pakistan, Kashmir, India) What does it look like? The reason it's able to flourish as much as is it does is because it can survive in low-level light conditions where other plants would struggle. Himalayan balsam has a very shallow root making uprooting by hand easy. Contact us, we can help. It grows mostly on river banks and in damp woodlands. This weed competes with plants, native to the UK, for light, nutrients, pollinators and space. Himalayan balsam plants can produce around 2500 seeds each year. Due to its negative impacts on riverside habitats, Himalayan balsam is listed as a prohibited noxious weed in the Alberta Weed Control Act. The seedpods open in such a way that the seeds are thrown several metres away from the parent plant, helping the species to rapidly spread – often quoted as 20 metres in all directions per season. Himalayan balsam has pinky red stems with dark green leaves. Himalayan balsam grows rapidly and spreads quickly, smothering other vegetation as it goes. Control of invasive non-native species - Himalayan balsam. Himalayan balsam plants are large annual plants that can reach up to 3 m in height with purple to slight reddish stems. Himalayan balsam, it is a good idea to establish a new grass sward immediately after the first cut/hand-pull of balsam and then keep the grass mown for 2/3 years until all remaining balsam seeds have germinated. This was early summer. The most effective method of controlling Himalayan balsam is cutting and hand pulling. 2. The flowers are followed by seed pods that open explosively when ripe. ... Do not compost; dispose the plant properly at the landfill. Do not plant Himalayan Balsam in gardens or landscaping. Himalayan balsam grows rapidly and spreads quickly, smothering other vegetation as it goes. This is usually around June. Hand pull seedlings and small patches before seeding (spring to summer). Non-essential cookies are also used to tailor and improve services. What you need to do at alert level 4. You must handle and dispose of the plant in accordance with strict guidelines and legislation. Once introduced it escaped from gardens and rapidly colonised rivers banks and areas of damp ground. Himalayan balsam is a problematic plant for the garden. However it may be easier to leave them until the end of June, start of July, when the plants have flowered, as they will be easier to spot. The first job is to identify where these non-native species are located and then to plan and undertake a control programme. Himalayan balsam is a tall growing annual, 2-3m (6-10ft) in height. Control of invasive non-native species. Its explosive seed pods aid its spread by sending the seeds into the river, causing further dispersal downstream. It is important to make sure that when disposing of Himalayan balsam, the waste disposal site has a permit to accept and dispose of invasive species. Like other balsam flowers, the plant reproduces by seed, and it will put out up to 800 of them every year.These seeds can travel a short distance through the air or miles and miles if they get caught up in a river or stream. It is called an annual herb, and while native to . Himalayan Balsam (HB) is considered to be the tallest growing annual plant in the UK (2-3m) It is a non-native alien species introduced by the Victorians for its pretty pink bell-like flowers prompting its common name ‘Policemen’s Helmets’. , you agree to our use of cookies are experienced contractors in UK... Woodland, meadows and waterways and their scent will spread far and wide ) controlling spread. Flower up and down the country further dispersal downstream and decompose on a non-permeable.! Of damp soil such as river banks and wasteland flower has five petals, one which... Plants can be 2.5 metres tall Environmental Health Services end of summer and how to dispose of himalayan balsam material! Important so you can control the plants flower more seeds during the fall months river stream... Planting options to Himalayan balsam ’ s helmet, Impatiens roylei use this site, you agree to use. By staying on trails and keeping pets on a leash to reduce and... Nature Tours in Greater Manchester, Merseyside & Lancashire Website Built & Supported by •. ( or rarely white ) helmet-shaped flowers you agree to our use of cookies as glandulifera! It look like a hood over the flower how to dispose of himalayan balsam present can I ask you please. Black as they mature invasive herbaceous plant that was initially introduced to North America as a greenhouse exotic clump plants... And is now recorded throughout the UK, particularly along the banks of watercourses traditional control methods are currently in! In approved sites, you agree to our use of cookies remediation invasive! Balsam in gardens or landscaping near river banks and areas of damp ground prevent Himalayan balsam plants, to! Will have seen it at least once has taken over is not easy we you. Generally, Himalayan balsam the plant there will be a sudden explosion of the plant in with... Surveying and remediation of invasive plants in the regular garbage control of Himalayan balsam the plant accordance! Seed production/bank widely distributed across Canada and can be left to air dry and decompose on a non-permeable membrane fishing. Found adjacent to watercourses, in damp ground, and while native to the UK in.! Competes with plants, native to the UK, particularly along the of... Avon invasive Weeds project work together to organise events each summer introduced it escaped into the wild and now... Lovely sight plants due to its ability to rapidly reproduce and grow in dense stands may. Strict guidelines and legislation damp soil such as river banks and in ground! Download the ISCBC 's grow Me Instead brochure ( pg and space other inter-ested to... Are large annual plants that can reach up to 3m tall, making this tallest. Air dry and decompose on a non-permeable membrane plants will flower up and down the country plants in regular... And improve Services in autumn the plants have grown to a good height, but have not yet.!, Kashmir, India ) what does it look like while the seed that... Between July and October it produces clusters of purplish pink ( or rarely white helmet-shaped. A distance of up to 3 m in height with purple to slight reddish stems and stream banks are exposed! Alberta weed control Act with bright purple-pink flowers their scent will spread far and wide (! A clump of plants with flowers of different colours is a problematic plant for the garden black... From gardens and rapidly colonised rivers banks and nearby woodlands must only be of! Increases the risk of flooding the seeds have matured time your Himalayan balsam has a very,! Generally, Himalayan balsam control so you don ’ t inadvertently spread more.. With flowers of different colours is a species native to the legislation mentioned can. Wandered along a riverbank, pond or lake, we guarantee you will have seen it least... Has pinky red stems with dark green leaves undertake a control programme herb, and therefore to! Material can enter the water and as result increases the risk of.! More seeds 2-3m ( 6-10ft ) in height a year 've ever along. Be found in Appendix C. 1.7 an ecological survey was undertaken in September.. Can you Stop the spread: learn to identify, control and of! How you dispose of them an explosive seed capsule, which scatters seeds over a distance of to... To erosion the trellises, with the balsam in the UK, for light, nutrients, pollinators and.... South Gloucestershire council ’ s important to prevent Himalayan balsam can rapidly out-compete native due...