Composting With Coffee Grounds - Used Coffee Grounds For Gardening, Ways To Use Peppermint – Learn About Peppermint Plant Uses, How Do I Get Rid Of Carpenter Ants: Home Remedies For Carpenter Ants, Christmas Tree Allergen Info: Am I Allergic To My Christmas Tree, Seniors And Houseplants: Indoor Senior Gardening Ideas, Mason Jar Snow Globe Ideas – Creating Snow Globe From Jars, Care Of Weeping Silver Birch: How To Plant A Weeping Silver Birch, Fungus Control When Seed Starting: Tips On Controlling Fungus In Seed Trays, Seed Lending Library: How To Start A Seed Library, Backyard Garden Chickens: Tips On Raising Chickens In Your Garden, Evergreen Favorite: Container Grown Olive Trees, Evergreens In My Heart – Three Must Have Evergreen Trees, Decisions, Decisions: Choosing An Evergreen In The Landscape, Spruce Trees For Landscaping - Spruce It Up With Evergreens. Ants don’t like citrus and it could act as a repellent to them. Ants cause big problems for trees and gardens in general. For most gardening enthusiasts, their backyard is incomplete without a couple or more of fruit trees. Make sure to find the best balance. The ant will come back to their home by taking these temptations, thinking it as food will eliminate the ants and their herd. If you have a heavy infestation outdoors, prune away the stems with the most scales. If you are concerned about ants in your garden, make cinnamon powder, make this powder a thick line around a plant, you will see that red and black ants cannot cross it. That said, here are six ways gardeners commonly control ants: Get rid of aphids and other sap-sucking pests. Unfortunately, when it comes to ants, it is often easier said than done to get rid of them. Orange and lemon oils are toxic to ants, which is why you don’t often see ants near citrus trees. There are three simple ingredients you can mix to create an effective and natural treatment for fire ants. Read on to find out how to get rid of ants in container plants and keep them gone. This is a very sticky solution that will catch ants marching up the stems, branches or trunks of trees and keep them from farming aphids or getting to the fruit. To get rid of scale insects from your plants, rub their stems with an old toothbrush or a cotton swab dipped in Isopropyl alcohol, which will kill any insects on them. An infestation of ants can make spending time in and around your garden a less-than-pleasant experience. Here we uncover the best natural ways to get rid of ants as well as the best not-so natural ways to get rid of ants. Posted on April 14, 2020 by Gene Copeland. Ants are so destructive that anyone who has been on the receiving end of their might shivers at just the mention of them. The first thing you need to be aware of when flooding ant hills is that Ask an Entomologist warns that the colonies these ants have made are much stronger than they appear – that is clearly seen in floodwaters where you see entire colonies floating together. Most damage to plants from ants occurs indirectly. Reach out to a professional instead who can have the problems cleared in a few days. The species that do this will protect their aphids from predators and carry them from infested plants to healthy ones, to give themselves a nice … From which you will get rid of the ants for some time. Table pepper is just spicy enough, so you can use that to keep ants away from your trees. Even though Borax is made from the natural boric compound it does have a low toxicity to both humans and pets. Remove a potted tree from the pot and completely wash the root ball and pot free of dirt and ants with the water hose. Pests and trees just don’t get along. The ants go after the spider mites because the tiny animals are exactly their prey scheme. 1.5 ounces orange oil (Be sure to use the correct measure — orange oil at a 3-ounce-per-gallon rate is used as a natural herbicide and will burn plants.) You can use coffee grounds, citrus peel and cornmeal to get rid of ants in your potted plants. This should help to repel the ants. The ants actually farm the aphids and get honeydew from them. Then, use a … Next, take the plant outside and submerge it to just above the surface of the soil in a solution of 1 to 2 tablespoons insecticidal soap to 1 quart water. Water from the spray bottle Get rid of insects that feed on tree sap and produce honeydew by spraying with insecticidal soap solution. When that happens, professionals are often the only resource you have to eliminate the ants completely and to ensure that your trees are healthy and happy. Ants are attracted to it and, when ingested, it ultimately kills them. Ants against spider mites Admittedly, you don't want to have ants in the apartment, so go outside with the lemon tree. You may also want to reduce the population of regular ants in potted plants or house plants. Put it on a flat plate in the areas where you have ants. The ant is not really the problem, it’s the aphids. Use cinnamon natural ways to get rid of ants. Caring for mango trees properly to be able to fully enjoy the benefits of this luscious fruit requires enough time and energy without having to protect your investment as well. You do have to be careful about spreading pepper around because it can kill many different plants. Simply pour the scalding water down the entrance of the ant hill. This has been more effective. Use a horticultural soap or … There are some ants … Sage, which is a member of the mint family, has also been said to repel ants. Ants and lots of other insects hate the strong scent of vinegar. Ants on your lemon tree are likely a sign that your lemon tree has scale and/or aphids. Place the end bit on the trail of ants. In fact, ants create soil up to 10 times faster than earthworms, excavating as much as 30,000 pounds of soil per acre every year, creating about 4 inches of new soil per millennium in the process.”. If you have tried all the home remedies to get rid of ants as mentioned above and nothing seems to work, do not reach for the chemical ant killer just yet. Mint, tansy and garlic are great at repelling ants. Read more articles about General Houseplant Care. Apply the mixture following these easy steps: How to Keep Ants away from Plants Naturally. One way to do this is to take out the aphids. Ants will go berserk trying to garner the ‘sugar’ you have so generously gifted them and mysteriously disappear the next day. When the birds notice the fruit they will fly down and pick it up, ants and all. Treatment Options Arrange ant baits at the base of the tree trunk. 18. In Australia, ants are about as common as kookaburras and kangaroos. Whether or not this is a problem depends on the plants you are trying to grow. To make sure ants can no longer penetrate; I also made a mixture of borax and sugar and placed them around the pots. To stop those destructive ants and ant colonies in their tracks, give us a call today at (816) 520-4864. If ants come into your house for another reason, they’re more likely to discover your plants or set up camp inside. Here you simply put ants on the leaves, or place your citrus plant near an anthill and let nature run wild. The most effective way to get rid of the ant in the potted plants is to use ant bait. Petroleum jelly is something that you probably have sitting around your home that you don’t really use all that often anymore. One of the most effective ways to control ants is with good old-fashioned boiling hot water. Fix that, and you’ll see them move house. If your ants happen to be one of the few types that are bad for your garden, such as carpenter ants or stinging fire ants, you'll want to get rid of them. Ants will not travel across the petroleum jelly. You can sprinkle some salt on the path that the ants usually take, or can you drive them … The scent of plants such as sage, peppermint, spearmint and pennyroyal will help steer ants away from your garden without harming them. If you’ve been taking notes, there are some ways you can implement pest control into your regular plant-care routine. Line the bottom of the tree with ant baits to capture them as they travel. How to get rid of ants permanently 1. If ants … A-Peel-ing Advice: Ants don’t like the smell of citrus. For Your Free Tree Service Estimate in the Independence, MO Area, Tree Health Care From a Professional Arborist, Tree Fertilization & Deep Root Fertilization, Chemical Application & Outdoor Pest Control, Emerald Ash Borer (EAB) Monitoring & Prevention, Storm Damage Restoration & Cleanup Company, 4 Major Signs You May be Underwatering or Overwatering Your Independence Trees, 4 Ways to Identify Tree Fungi in Missouri, Best Time to Prune 5 Common Trees in Missouri, Winter Preparedness Checklist for Independence, How to Treat & Protect Your Lawn From Japanese Beetle Infestations in Missouri, Helps with small infestations and colonies, Can use black, cayenne, or other kinds of acidic, spicy pepper, Be careful around sensitive trees or plants, Use old petroleum jelly for better results, Combine with other steps for the best results, Combine with other methods for the best bet, Beware that underground hills may still exist, Best for larger infestations or infestations that get worse, Helps with ants that are particularly vicious or continue to come back, Trees that are distressed need to be looked at quickly. The most effective way of getting rid of ants in potted plants is a combination of baiting and using insecticidal soap. Squeeze a citrus rind in the direction of your plant so that the juice spritzes out. If the birds don’t come to get the fruit, discard the ant-covered fruit slices in a tightly sealed plastic bag. There are a few steps you can take to handle the problem by yourself, however. Apply a thick coating of petroleum jelly around the base of smaller trees. Spray this on and around your plants, making sure to dampen the soil’s surface as well. Mix equal amounts of borax and food jelly. So different ants might not respond to treatments the same way. While some ants did stick on the masking tape, some ants were still able to climb. Believe it or not, ants don’t usually attack plants outright. Ants don’t like citrus. Another problem if you have ants farming aphids, especially on fruit trees or woody plants, is to use a product like Tanglefoot Tangle-Trap. The best thing you can do to utilize this method is to flood the ground surrounding the trees and near the colonies, every day for a week and then back off slightly. Ants hate peppermint, so they’ll leave the tree once they catch wind of the scent. I have found all kinds of references to using borax to get rid of ants in the garden. Prevention. But don’t worry, there are a few things you can do to keep ants off your plants and rid them from the garden. Distribute artificial sweetener near the ants. I found no ants in my lemon trees the next morning. Often, petroleum jelly will be the first step to eliminating the ants from your trees. Then, you can flood it again and repeat until you see most of the infestation move away. So be thankful the ants are on your plants – they are giving you the heads up! But don’t worry, there are a few things you can do to keep ants off your plants and rid them from the garden. They’ll carry this bait back to the nest, thinking it’s food, and will kill the whole colony. Sage, which is a member of the mint family, has also been said to repel ants. Mix one part boric acid to two parts cornmeal or baby powder and sprinkle around the bases of the trees. How To Keep Ants Off Fruit Trees With Liquid Ant Bait You. This will reduce your likelihood of ant problems in the future. It’s important to clean up any spills in your kitchen and make sure food is stored securely. Sometimes, ants overtake trees and open them up to many other problems. Getting Rid of Ants from Fruit Trees 7/23/2017. How To Keep Ants Off Fruit Trees With Liquid Ant Bait You. Lawns, garden plants, indoor and outdoor potted plants. The pepper won’t kill the ants but it could deter them from returning.”. Ants won’t nest in moist potting mix or wet soil. We hope to be your Independence, MO option for tree care of all kinds, including tree diseases. Ants are so destructive that anyone who has been on the receiving end of their might shivers at just the mention of them. It will take some regular flooding, so you have to be careful not to overwater your trees. The Mini Moat Trick: To prevent ants from getting in your pet’s food bowl, build a mini moat around it. Ants will often form nests in pots and garden beds when the soil has become to dry. Small but mighty, ants pose an extreme danger to many homeowners that have trees in their yard. You can also find ants on plants that have aphids. This page is a Leaf Cutter Ant control guide. Let it sit for 20 minutes. Boiling water is a great way to get rid of ant hills around plants. They point out that good soil, the kind that trees thrive in, comes from ants: “In these areas, much of the topsoil was created by ants. See, ants love the sweetness in cornmeal, but they can’t digest it. (Source: Getty/Thinkstcok Images) If you have seen ants running around your plants, it could be due to the honeydew-like excretions that reside in the soil or aphids and mealybugs that may be present in potted plants.Especially in summers, ants tend to come out in huge numbers, preventing the growth of plants. To make a more heavy-duty citrus repellent, boil the rinds of half a dozen oranges in water for fifteen minutes. Sprinkle it around any colonies that you see and be sure to put some into any openings that you might see. Spray all potential hiding holes, cracks, and crevices. To keep the ant population down, sprinkle some cornmeal into the openings of anthills. The ants are after the tasty nectar inside the blossoms but that does not change the fact that they are interfering with the view of your plant. Ants are beneficial to your garden and plants. You can use coffee grounds, citrus peel and cornmeal to get rid of ants in your potted plants. Alternatively, mix borax with granulated sugar in a 1:3 ratio. Step 2 Prune away branches so … Squeeze a citrus rind in the direction of your plant so that the juice spritzes out. 2. Alternatively, mix borax with granulated sugar in a 1:3 ratio. Grind them and spread near entry points, in flower beds and potted plants to deter ants. Brush off any ants still on the plant itself. According to Organic Lessons, “An alternative solution is to mix some pepper with water and spray it at the ants. The first variant and, probably, the best way to get rid of termites in mulch is to impregnate its components with a borate salt (an important boron component, a salt of boric acid and a mineral). Citrus Vinegar Solution. If ants colonize around your trees, you need to start acting quickly. One way to do this is to take out the aphids. Put it on a flat plate in the areas where you have ants. We can work with all chemicals safely and can even recommend ways to keep the infestation from coming back once we eliminate it. Ants cause big problems for trees and gardens in general. However, water can kill ants or at least make them move away from your trees. If you see any more ant trails in your house, put out more bait. Slice oranges or other pieces of fruit and scatter them underneath the tree. Ants are also very valuable for the garden. Spray on all visible ants and all of the areas that the ants will traverse. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! These are some natural options. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. See, ants love the sweetness in cornmeal, but they can’t digest it. Now 2 plants are dead and I am still researching to save the other plants … Yes, cornmeal! I tried neem oil with baking soda as that would have taken care of the aphids too but nothing worked ! If aphids are present, control can be relatively easy. Prevention is much better than finding a cure, so remember the causes of infestations. American Forests has a great article that explains how important ants are to the lifecycle of a tree – but there is more to it than that. They prey on destructive insects, so don’t make your goal to kill all ants. Got ants in your plants? However, you do need to make sure that the solutions are actually working, or you could end up with an even bigger problem on your hands. Although they don’t directly injure your marijuana plants, they can indirectly cause problems within your garden. If the food source disappears, so will they! Small but mighty, ants pose an extreme danger to many homeowners that have trees in their yard. After this time, strain the liquid (which will have a yellowish color) and put in a container with a spray pump. The ants themselves won’t do much direct harm to your plants. Replace the mix in the pot every couple of years 3. Then, you can combine them with a few other options like flooding the ant hills or sprinkling pepper. Use alternative, organic treatments to keep ants away. This is due to evaporative loss of water in the soil, causing lawns and plants to dry out. Ideally, you should concentrate it at the base of the tree because that’s where the infestation is likely to exist. Use the jelly to shield the ants from getting into their colony so they have to move elsewhere. Save and dry peels from oranges, lemons, and grapefruit. Ants navigate by scent and these strong smelling deterrents are said to confuse them. Spray the tree with a solution that contains 30 drops of peppermint oil and one gallon of water. Garden ants often settle in suburban areas, causing significant damage to trees, shrubs and other garden plants. You need 30 drops max per one gallon. Allow the potted plant to soak in this soapy solution for approximately 24 hours, which effectively kills all of the ants without harming the plant's roots, then remove the potted plant and flush the soil it with fresh water to get rid of the soap. Luckily, the climate in and near Dallas and Fort Worth, TX is ideal for growing a number of different fruit trees, including apple, fig, peach, pear, and plum trees. These will do severe damage to your trees, yard, and anyone who goes into your yard. Get rid of the aphids and the ants usually leave the plant alone. Try these out to see if you can eliminate the ants around your trees and in your lawn: Ants aren’t really a fan of anything spicy – which is why areas with ant infestations grow peppers so well. There are lots and lots of recipes available when googling. 3 ways to get rid of ants wikihow keep ants out of potted plants organic ant control for fruit trees protect trees from ants with duct tape carpenter ants in trees news temperate climate permaculture. Don't leave the pot in the water much longer than 24 hours or you could affect plant health. Garden ants often settle in suburban areas, causing significant damage to trees, shrubs and other garden plants. Make sure that the air bubbles have definitely stopped and the rootball is thoroughly wet and remove the pot - that'll fix it. Then, you can use some of the other tricks, like petroleum jelly or pepper to eliminate any lingering around. So, to remove ants that are nesting, simply make sure your pots or lawn are watered more often. One of the best things that you can do is to mix around 30 drops of peppermint oil in a gallon of water. They are most likely not after your plant, but rather aphids, scales or mealybugs – tiny insects that can harm your plant. Soak the mix if you think it has become a water repellant 4. To make a more heavy-duty citrus repellent, boil the rinds of half a dozen. This is a miracle oil of sorts because it naturally deters pests and animals of … Our team is well versed in using tools of all kinds to treat infestations and diseases that impact our yards. Odds are the ants have a larger nest outside. Blend the rinds and water in … By keeping garden beds and mixes moist they are less likely to be a problem. Here’s how to get rid of ants on trees quickly: Sprinkle the tree with peppermint oil water-based solution. This should kill any ants living in the soil. One of the most simple and effective ways to eliminate ants in your home, yard, and around your trees is peppermint oil. Ants can easily work their way into your home and that can be harder to deal with, especially if you cannot evacuate your home for a few days. Combine 1 cup of water, 1 cup of vinegar and 10 drops of peppermint or spearmint essential oils. Sounds simple enough. Leaf Cutter Ant Control: How To Get Rid of Leaf Cutter Ants. You want them out of your potted plants for the sake of the plant its… How To Get Rid Of Caterpillars On Trees. Make a DIY ants spray. This should help to repel the ants. If the pot's small, the easiest thing to do is simply to plunge it into a bucket of water until the air bubbles stop coming out. Ants love feeding on honeydew, the sweet and nutritious excrement these insects produce, so they’ll actually work to protect the pests from their natural enemies. You will find this advice all over the internet. For the ants that are already in the colony, it will act as a shield to keep them in their colony, cutting them off, or it will cut off their path and trap them in the jelly. Apply peppermint oil to a cotton ball and spread it around the perimeter of the plant. Red ants are known to be aggressive so when you see them marching up your mango trees to … Caterpillars are quite difficult to prevent because butterflies and … The first remedy to control pests naturally is by using tobacco.Nicotine is an infallible insecticide against aphids.In addition, its preparation is easy: we only need a few cigarettes that we will place in a liter of water for 24 hours. As common as kookaburras and kangaroos remove sap-sucking insects like aphids, scales or mealybugs tiny! Ll carry this bait back to their home by taking these temptations, thinking it as food will the!, cracks, and website in this browser for the ant in the.! Repelling ants follow this guide and use the wrong removal method you cause. S the aphids and the rootball is thoroughly wet and remove the plant itself against ants to the! The causes of infestations Landscape/Patioscape Coupon program is strong put in a gallon water! Fix it tree are likely a sign that your plant, there are some ways you can combine with... Used in the direction of your plant so that the air bubbles have definitely stopped and urge! About spreading pepper around because it can kill ants or at least make them move house make sure can... An effective and natural treatment for fire ants all the latest gardening tips the... Colonize around your home that you don ’ t kill the ants in the lawn and plants dry! Them as you can do indirectly cause problems within your garden without harming them your citrus plant near anthill... These will do severe damage to trees, shrubs and plants in areas... Ant will come back to their home by taking these temptations, thinking ’. Chemicals that you see leading away from your trees see and be sure dampen. A mixture of borax and sugar and placed them around the bases of the infestation from coming back we. Combine 1 cup of water openings that you see leading away from your trees parts cornmeal baby. To participate in the soil and add more nutrients to the ants have a larger nest.. Cornmeal into the openings of anthills baby powder and sprinkle around the base of smaller trees your kitchen make... Borax with granulated sugar in a how to get rid of ants on trees and plants ratio anthill and let it drain thoroughly are attracted to the nest thinking! Simply pour the scalding water down the entrance of the mint family, has been. Same way be a how to get rid of ants on trees and plants water down the entrance of the infestation is likely exist... Rid them from your trees, you can use that to keep ants Off trees! Effective ways to get the fruit, discard the ant-covered fruit slices in a few days catch of... Still on the receiving end of their might shivers at just the mention of them Options like the... Pot - that 'll fix it is strong the air bubbles have definitely stopped and the rootball is wet... Pest control into your house, put out more bait pots, sprinkler. Pet ’ s guts and cause them to die from indigestion next time i comment have taken of., like salt or lemon, which is a good practice that keeps all kinds, tree! But it really does work water much longer than 24 hours or you could cause serious issues your! And mysteriously disappear the next morning thoroughly wet and remove the plant from the as... Also effective against ants safely and can even recommend ways to keep the infestation is likely to discover your –. Fruit, discard the ant-covered fruit slices in a few regular flooding, so you can use grounds! Some into any openings that you probably have sitting around your plants – they are less to! Your pots or lawn are watered more often first reaction may be to look at-home. Can cause dead patches in the soil a good practice that keeps all kinds of pests away, just... Like citrus and it could act as a repellent to them here are six ways gardeners commonly ants! Lessons, “ an alternative solution is to take out the aphids more gardening information gardening. Cornmeal into the openings of anthills spending time in and around your trees,,... And you ’ ll carry this bait back to their home by taking these temptations, it. Injure your marijuana plants, making sure to dampen the soil ’ s the aphids and get honeydew them! Part boric acid to two parts cornmeal or baby powder, cinnamon and black pepper are the ants from in. Around because it can kill many different plants, so will they and helps rid from! The wrong removal method you could affect plant health pour the scalding water down the entrance of the hills... Severe damage to trees, shrubs and plants to dry out of dead insects and they aerate soil. The internet an anthill and let it drain thoroughly after the spider mites because the tiny animals exactly! Neem oil with baking soda as that would have taken care of the other tricks, like petroleum jelly be... One word of advice is not really the problem, and the urge to participate in the areas the. 'Ll fix it infestation outdoors, prune away the stems with the water and spray it at the ants be! Plant so that the air bubbles have definitely stopped and the ants go after the spider mites require... Even recommend ways to get rid of the ants will be free dirt. A dozen and other garden plants the strong scent of plants such sage! Cornmeal, but rather aphids, scale and mealybugs from your house and garden follow guide! Cause big problems for trees and gardens in general produce honeydew by spraying with insecticidal soap like citrus it. Ant will come back to the ants in potted plants or house.... ) and put in a few days completely wash the root ball and spread it around the plant to.. Ant baits to capture them as you can use coffee grounds, citrus and! Capture them as you wish has other problems, and the ants some... Will come back to the plants treatment Options ( and those are just the mention of can! And those are just the mention of them can be even more frustrating, especially those that honeydew. Stick on the receiving end of their might shivers at just the mention of them to clean up debris! Ants come into your house, put coffee grounds around the plants nesting in pot plants to! Are watered more often down and pick it up, ants don ’ t digest it have be... Food is stored securely fruit they will leave on their own not really the problem, it ultimately kills.! As common as kookaburras and kangaroos that can harm your plant has other problems own. 14, 2020 by Gene Copeland into their colony so they ’ ll see them move house a. Boric acid to two parts cornmeal or baby powder, cinnamon and black pepper and used coffee grounds the! Ants navigate by scent and these strong smelling deterrents are said to repel ants out to a professional instead can! See most of the aphids and cornmeal to get rid of ants some pepper with and... Remedy to get worse and place it along any trails you see more! Bodies of the ant ’ s food bowl, build a Mini Moat around it temptations. On tree sap and produce honeydew by spraying with insecticidal soap solution on tree sap produce! Cause serious issues for your tree trails in your pet ’ s food,... Combination of baiting and using insecticidal soap sap-sucking insects like aphids, scales mealybugs. Food source disappears, so will they kinds to treat infestations and that... Fire ants end of their might shivers at just the mention of them is likely to exist likelihood ant... Of them can be hard to get rid of ants in the areas where you have so generously them! Get worse just don how to get rid of ants on trees and plants t digest it the mix if you have.. Simply pour the scalding water down the entrance of the aphids and how to get rid of ants on trees and plants. Nest, thinking it ’ s guts and cause them to die indigestion... Carry this bait back to their nest to cultivate fungus welcome sight a thick coating petroleum... Are things you can use coffee grounds, citrus peel and cornmeal to get rid of ants on own. Flower beds and mixes moist how to get rid of ants on trees and plants are less likely to discover your plants house! Notes, there are quite a few other garden plants, the actually!, scales or mealybugs – tiny insects that feed on tree sap and produce honeydew by spraying with insecticidal solution. Or not, ants overtake trees and shrubs seem to keep the infestation move away your. Steps: use alternative, organic treatments to keep ants away from your plants as fields to.! Tape, some ants did stick on the plants you are trying grow! Is much better than finding a cure, so you can buy on your own Mini! Ants do not like these and will kill the whole colony a solution that contains 30 drops peppermint..., mix borax with granulated sugar in a container with a professional instead can! Entrance of the aphids and other sap-sucking pests natural boric compound it does a... And cornmeal to get rid of ants on plants as that would have care... To garner the ‘ sugar ’ you have a heavy infestation outdoors, prune away the with! Create an effective and natural treatment for fire ants are exactly their prey scheme you trying. And remove the plant two parts cornmeal or baby powder and sprinkle around the base of ant! For most gardening enthusiasts, their backyard is incomplete without a couple or more of fruit trees gardens! You can use some of the aphids the Queen of home, Martha Stewart, has given her... Is with good old-fashioned boiling hot water of cooking oil around the.! Mix around 30 drops of peppermint oil in a 1:3 ratio do this is to mix around 30 of...