III, Issue 7 / October 2015 8271 Sanacore (1994, p.604), is of the opinion that encouraging learners to read will lead them guessing the meanings of words, phrases from the context, and the more they read the more they will understand the meanings of sentences and concepts. If you hate reading, you’ll probably shy away from extensive reading. the objective are improve their overall comprehension skills and give them an active vocabulary. Intensive Reading. Leave a Comment Cancel reply. Vocabulary is not learned by a single exposure. To achieve this goal, seventy EFL learners were conveniently selected from two different high schools in Shiraz. Click here to get a copy. the impact of extensive reading and intensive on vocabulary. Silent I. Definition, advantages, disadvantages Figure 1: Intensive (lower case) versus extensive (upper case) variables Intensive and extensive variables When considering physical systems, it is often very useful to stay aware of whether the property being considered is intensive or extensive. It can also be difficult to set time aside to make it happen. Extensive Reading (ER) has been introduced at Kobe Shoin for all first year students for the 2016-17 Academic Year. Bridging the Gap between Extensive Reading and Intensive Reading: English Education in Japan YOSHIDA Koji Kinki University k_yoshida@bus.kindai.ac.jp Yoshida, K. (2012). Intensive Reading - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt / .pptx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. Extensive - Reading longer texts, often for pleasure and for an overall understanding Intensive - Reading shorter texts for detailed information with emphasis on precise understanding These different types of skills are used quite naturally when reading in a mother tongue. The approaches of extensive reading and intensive reading focus on different aspects of reading, yet each undeniably benefits learners in developing reading skills and comprehension. One way in which these may be categorized , as suggested by Brown (1989) can be outlined as follows: A. EXTENSIVE READING SKIMMING Skimming is used to quickly gather the most important information, or 'gist'. Students also chose one book each week and told a partner about the book in English. Compared with extensive reading, intensive reading requires students to read short texts, obtain detailed meaning with close guidance from the teacher so as to acquire the knowledge of vocabulary and grammar, and develop some reading skills such as identifying main ideas and recognizing text connectors (Hong, 2014). Extensive reading extends, consolidates and sustains vocabulary growth. Run your eyes over the text, noting important information. Indeed, research has shown that learners’ reading abilities improve when using these approaches; however, this should not denote that one method be used in favor of the other. Both extensive and intensive reading have their advantages and disadvantages. The sample of the study consists forty intermediate level Japanese university EFL students for one semester study. And intensive reading can be hard to do outside of a classroom setting. What do I do? Where they differ, however, is in their approach to this activity. Physical properties of materials and systems can often be categorized as being either intensive or extensive, according to how the property changes when the size (or extent) of the system changes. Intensive reading with a focus on skills/strategies instruction has been shown to yield positive effects on second language reading. I use both. Although reading comprehension can be one goal of intensive reading, its goals may include learning subject matter, vocabulary learning and studying the authors’ intentions. Download: This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you can take anywhere. INTENSIVE READING • 4. This is because you will be reading longer texts, which naturally require more time to read, and because sitting down to read for longer periods allow you to get into the "flow" of reading, and therefore mentally process the material more deeply. You’ll also miss some details by glancing over the language as you read. Bridging the gap between Extensive Reading and Intensive Reading: English education in Japan . - Extensive reading must be done for longer blocks of time when compared to intensive reading. In language learning, extensive reading is contrasted with intensive reading, which is slow, careful reading of a small amount of difficult text – it is when one is "focused on the language rather than the text". First, the texts that are used are generally relatively easy for the learners to understand, with few unknown words. Introduction Reading is an important skill in language learning. Blended Extensive and Intensive Reading A third direction that the practice of ER may take is blended extensive and intensive reading. EXAMPLES OF SKIMMING • The Newspaper (quickly to get the general … Here's a look at what intensive and extensive properties are, examples of them, and how to tell them apart. What is meant by “extensive” and “intensive” Extensive and intensive reading refer to approaches to language learning and teaching. The past twenty years have produced an array of second language vocabulary acquisition (SLVA) studies, but SLVA lacks a comprehensive theory of how vocabulary is learned. Although alike, extensive and intensive properties do maintain their differences. Extensive Reading World Congress Proceedings, 1, 90-92. View Extensive VS. the benefits of extensive reading and listening: adquire more language. There are two kinds of reading that are learned in English Language Education Study Program. The students are taught under two conditions: extensive reading with (ER+) and without (ER). Intensive Reading Extensive Reading Intensive and Extensive Reading Together Scanning Skimming Scanning and Skimming Together References Overview: Aims of the web page: Several types of reading may occur in a language classroom. intensive and extensive reading, see the chart in "Introducing Extensive Reading" by Roberta Welch (My Share this issue). Unlike extensive reading, the goal of intensive reading is not to read many texts for fluency, but rather to read a shorter piece of text to gain a deeper understanding of that text. It is instructive to compare Intensive Reading (IR) with Extensive Reading. An intensive variable is one that does not depend on the _____ Claims that extensive reading could lead to significant improvements in learner's reading speeds date back thirty years, and the role of graded readers in programs to promote such reading has an even longer history. It's not essential to understand each word when skimming. This is important because it means that longer texts can be used than would be the case in most classroom situations. Extensive reading as an approach to teaching reading may be thought of in terms of purpose or outcome: Beatrice Mikulecky, for example, calls it pleasure reading (1990). Reading is a complex, multi-faceted activity, involving a combination of both lexical and text progressing skills that are widely recognized as being interactive.… Extensive reading was the main part of the course. According to IUPAC, an intensive quantity is one whose magnitude is independent of the size of the system whereas an extensive quantity is one whose magnitude is additive for subsystems. Intensive .pdf from SCIENCE 3432 at California State University, Long Beach. Our Mission “The purpose of Ask Any Difference is to help people know the difference between the two terms of interest. This paper is one of four presentations that made up a colloquium … Intensive properties ER allows for multiple encounters with words and phrases in context thus making possible the progressive accretion of meanings to them. Name Email Website. Intensive properties and extensive properties are types of physical properties of matter. Use skimming to quickly get up to speed on a current business situation. Day and Bamford (1998), Day (2002), Prowse (2002), and Maley (2008 and 2009) have identified a number of key characteristics of Extensive Reading in language learning. Difference-Between-Extensive-and-Intensive-Reading. From their names, you can probably deduce that they both celebrate reading as an integral part of language learning. There are, of course, various ways of practising listening that need to be done during the preparation of exams or in the learning of English. Comment. Let’s see how! This study was an attempt to investigate the effect of intensive and extensive reading strategies on EFL learners' reading comprehension. We write on the topics: Food, Technology, Business, Pets, Travel, Finance, and Science” About Us. Extensive reading (ER) has several defining characteristics which make it different to most reading that happens in ELT classrooms. Extensive reading is contrasted with intensive reading, which is slow, careful reading of a small amount of difficult text – it is when one is "focused on the language rather than the text“. When students finished a book, they wrote a summary of the book in English (from a half to a whole page), then wrote an "appreciation" of the book in Japanese as well . By presenting items in context, it also makes the deduction of meaning of unknown items easier. For many teachers, there is only one way to teach reading which involves the teacher walking the whole class through a reading passage. I. The terms intensive and extensive were first described by physical chemist and physicist Richard C. Tolman in 1917. First, let's take a look at how vocabulary is learned in L1 and L2 acquisition. Oral B. At the same time, students need the practice of extensive reading in order to orchestrate, coordinate and apply intensively acquired skills/strategies over the larger texts and multiple reading sources that are required in all academic course work. (Download) Intensive and Extensive: 2 Ways of Reading That Power Language Learning . Intensive Reading on Improving EFL Learners' Speaking Skills EUROPEAN ACADEMIC RESEARCH - Vol. The ER approach is a means of delivering massed second language input at the appropriate level, via graded language texts that are extensive reading and listening: intensive reading or listening tends to be more concentrated, less relaxed, extensive reading take place when st are on their own. For example, Cover to Cover (Day & Harsch, 2008), focuses on teaching reading strategies and extensive reading. In simple terms Extensive Reading is reading as many easy books as possible for pleasure, and can be contrasted with intensive reading which is slow, careful reading of a short, difficult text. There are intensive reading and extensive reading. home / articles / intensive and extensive listening: key phrases for listening in pdf This post is focussed on settling doubts about listening skills. Again, this direction is beginning to take place. Vocabulary acquisition through Extensive Reading and Intensive Reading . All the participants in this study were third grade high school students and most of them were male. With two different but complementary strategies—extensive and intensive reading—we can strengthen our reading skills and overall fluency. Keywords: Intensive Reading, Extensive Reading, Reading Comprehension. I use grade Extensive Reading World Congress Proceedings, 1, 37-39. as reflections on their reading comprehension.