Some holly can grow into trees while others take a bush formation. In fact, some trees have “dwarf” varieties that look much more like a bush than a tree. Most Holly … The tree is densely branched and has a beautiful symmetry to it. This narrow holly shrub has a pyramid shape that works well in containers or as a standalone specimen plant. Frozen Red Berries with Green Leaves. These evergreen hedging plants have leaves with spiked edges that help keep trespassers out of your yard. If you live in zone 4, your best choices are simple – the Meserve Hollies with the original ‘Blue’ names of Mrs. Meserve. Scientific Name: Ilex x rutzan ‘Red Beauty’. Only the female plants produce berries, which are also a source of food for wildlife. They tolerate hot temperatures but sustain winter damage in areas colder than USDA plant hardiness zone 6. English holly grows rapidly 7 to 10 m tall, casting deep shade that deprives native plants of light. And year-round visual interest is a guarantee. The bright red berries that make holly so attractive don’t grow on the male plants of many varieties. Manner earlier than holly grew to become a normal Christmas tree; it was believed to be a particularly sacred plant by the Druids. The female clone of lIex x meserveae is a 3- to 12-foot shrub with the familiar glossy, toothed leaves common to most hollies. It has won the Award of Garden Merit from the Royal Horticultural Society (Royal Horticultural Society). When planted in favorable sites, they are more disease resistant and hardy. ; Hollies are dioecious; male plants produce pollen, and female plants produce berries. This is another black-berried holly shrub, thus its common name, inkberry. Some holly bushes grow to about 6 … Holly is an ancient plant that has been used by former civilizations for decoration and ceremonial reasons. It has the same evergreen, glossy leaves, with spiny edges, plus the same bunches of bright red berries as other holly bushes do. These bushes are dark evergreen plants with bright-colored berries which serve as a great source of food for birds and herbivores. Timing. Types of Holly Shrubs and More Nellie Stevens Holly A mix between a Chinese and English Holly, Nellie is admired for its glossy green foliage year-round and the radiant red berries that grow in the fall. By Robin Sweetser. The quintessential Christmas variety, for example, is English holly, which grows best in Zone 6. The Lowdown on Holly Plants. Help managing my Holly tree Hello all! These were brewed to make teas, consumed in large quantities, and then vomited back out. Japanese Holly. But it also plays an important role in residential landscapes. This plant is tolerant of a wide range of soil types and will thrive in both wet or dry soils. The Ilex genus that includes hollies is a very broad one, ranging from cultivars like 'Helleri' that function as ground covers, to Ilex opaca, which can grow as high as 50 feet. They come in a range of s… Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Variegation usually occurs in yellow or cream. American Holly. Green Holly Bushes. Japanese Holly (I. crenata) Japanese hollies are generally softer in texture than Chinese hollies. Ilex aquifolium ‘Silver Queen’ Ilex aquifolium ‘Silver Queen’ is grown for its distinctive foliage – it has … This plant is a female species of holly and will need to be pollinated by a male blue holly in order to produce fruits. Growing Holly Bushes: Popular Varieties. Scientific Name: Ilex aquifolium ‘Ferox Argentea’. Furthermore, holly bushes grow back even after all their branches are cut off. We may earn a commission for purchases using our links. Nov 16, 2015 - With over 400 different species, hollies are a large genus that includes evergreen and deciduous shrubs, trees and climbers. Here are 5 common types of holly shrubs for your landscape. Greenery and pops of contrast. As soon as the first frost of the winter season hits them their purplish green foliage turns all black. Holly tree (llex ) is a member of the family of low-maintenance and evergreen plants, which can grow up from 12-inch bushes to 50 feet big trees. Since most are evergreen and many have colorful berries, they are a boon to the snowy landscape, making them symbolic of winter and the Christmas season. Holly plant is attractive and valuable for its bright leaves and colorful berries. The majority of these are dioecious, so they require both a male and female plant within pollination distance of each other in order for the female to produce fruits. This bush is easy to take care of and makes a wonderful addition to the winter garden. The berries are a food source for birds, but those which do not get eaten will persist through to winter, providing vibrant color to the winter garden. If you are keen to grow a holly hedge on your property, then there should be a type of holly you can find to suit your climate, as long as you are not in a climate with extreme heat or extreme cold. This last option by far takes the longest. Although many species can reach upwards 50 feet, many landscapers choose to prune the tree to a more manageable height. Common identification markings can be found in the leaf structure, berries, blossoms, shape and size of the plant. 9 Different Indoor Tropical Plants - Growing Guides & Photos. … There are about 480 deciduous and evergreen species within this genus, including trees, shrubs, and climbing lianas. Identify holly bushes by looking at various parts of the plant. These types of easy to grow shrubs can transform your garden with minimal … Many types of evergreen holly are thorny shrubs that are easy to grow and require little maintenance once the hedgerow is established. Different types of holly bushes are used widely in flower gardens all across Europe and America. Our other hollies lack spines on the leaves. This specially-bred holly will survive temperatures of minus 30, so it can be grown in all but the coldest parts of the country. Holly are generally deer, pest and disease resistant. Holly with Red Berries. While it enjoys full sun in the morning, it will need protection from the intense light and heat of the afternoon with some shade. David Beaulieu is a garden writer with nearly 20 years experience writing about landscaping and over 10 years experience working in nurseries. Growing Holly Bushes: Popular Varieties. Chinese Holly (I. cornuta) These evergreen shrubs have dark green leaves with pronounced spines. It is known for having very good performance in damp, wet locations. Nellie Stevens is a popular tree-form type in the American Southeast, though in most parts of the country, it is the shrub forms that are more popular. 15.Tem.2016 - When talking about holly bushes, most people don't know that the berries on these bushes were so useful that they were actually cultivated in medieval Europe to provide food for cattle. Holly, genus of some 600 species of shrubs and trees in the family Aquifoliaceae, distributed nearly worldwide. Plus, they do not require heaps of water once established which makes it a beneficial shrub in areas that can be prone to spells of drought. This holly plant is native to the central and eastern United States, and has an upright habit which grows to take the shape of a tall pyramid. Unlike 'Blue Princess', this bush bears black-colored berries. A bush less than two feet from a house can threaten the foundation, given enough time. Generally, we tolerate a plant's being deciduous, but we prefer it when it is clothed in foliage. The foliage is quite large, around three inches in length, and is ovate with toothed edges. If space is limited, sometimes a tree will fit where a shrub won't. The growth forms also can vary from upright to weeping types. Holly tree. Dwarf Cultivars. Also called by their scientific name “ilex opaca,” American Holly is native to south … The difference between a shrub and a tree is rather ambiguous. Hollies are dioecious, meaning there are separate male and female plants. This deciduous holly gets its name from the golden orange berries it produces in abundance throughout winter, following the green-white flowers that arrive late in the season, from late spring to summer. It needs moist soil to thrive and shouldn’t be allowed to dry out. The foliage of the plant has a leather-like texture, is dark green, and has moderately sharp spines. Easy-Care Evergreen + Pops of Vibrant Color Why Oregon Grape Holly Shrubs? Here are 5 common types of holly shrubs for your landscape. Native to the US, this plant has a good tolerance of wet and soggy soils, so it is ideal for planting in boggy soils or along streams and riverbanks. Pruning methods for hollies will differ based upon the type of holly and whether or not they produce berries, and the desired form and function in the landscape. View our range of holly below. This shrub has slender evergreen foliage from which masses of tiny greenish-white flowers bloom in late spring and early summer. Tiny white flowers appear on this female holly bush in the spring, which will develop into bright red round berries in the fall if the blooms were pollinated by a male holly bush. holly bushes dying one by one. Most often, these shrubs require a male and a female plant to produce berries on the female plants. Share: With more than 400 species, hollies are one of the most diverse groups of plants. Grown for their bright green, glossy leaves and contrasting red berries, hollies are an extremely hardy, long-lasting plant. It is these ink colored berries that give the plant its common name of ‘inkberry holly.’, Special Features: Architectural structure. Asked October 14, 2019, 10:43 AM EDT. Special Features: Decorative winter branches. The berries and leaves contain a variety of acids and tannins that can cause severe vomiting and diarrhea. Learn more. How to Identify Types of Holly Bushes. Specimen plants are usually tall and can stand alone as a focal plant. Also, like 'Hetz', it bears tiny leaves and black-colored berries. With over 400 different species, hollies are a large genus that includes evergreen and deciduous shrubs, trees and climbers. Holly’s big plant family includes hundreds of varieties that range from 70-foot-tall trees to petite shrubs less than a foot tall. Holly can be evergreen or deciduous and range greatly in size and shape. Furthermore, holly bushes grow back even after all their branches are cut off. In late winter before new growth emerges, thin out branches if plants appear overgrown. Due to its ability to cope with wet soil, it is one of the few holly plants which do not require well-draining soil. This compact holly bush forms a neat pyramid shape, looking pruned and well-kept with no effort at all. WINTERBERRY. Japanese hollies are small bushes, 3 to 10 feet tall, with spineless leaves and black berries. They are both part of the Ilex genus family of plants, which happens to be the only genus of the Aquifoliaceae family. When choosing the best type of bush or decorative shrub for your yard, it’s important to look for low maintenance varieties. It is a deciduous shrub with deep green, ovate leaves that have serrated edges. The American holly grows up to 60 feet tall and 35 feet wide, creating a commanding presence to the landscape. Types of Holly Bushes. The cultivar name of this plant gives a good indication of its signature feature—this is a bush that is extremely narrow relative to its height. It needs to be grown in acidic soil, as these plants grown in neutral or alkaline soils tend to struggle and die. Foliage is dark deep green, with a creamy white margin around the outer edges. The holly plant, with the shiny dark green leaves and prickly edges have been mentioned from pagan times when the Druids adorned themselves with holly as they entered the woods. Holly shrubs can be used hedges, foundation plantings, border screens, or even as specimen plants or rain garden plants. Now we offer you the solution – the Blue Prince and Princess Holly Bush. This plant is not easily identifiable as a type of holly, and instead commonly gets mistaken for boxwood. A male plant must grow within 30 to 40 feet of a female for good fruit production. ; Chinese holly (I. cornuta) is one of the few types of holly shrubs that can actually produce berries without male pollination.These berries vary in color from red, dark orange to yellow. It thrives in a wide range of soils, including wet and boggy soil types. This dwarf evergreen holly has a rounded habit that makes it well suited to container growing. This feature makes 'Sky Pencil' popular in landscaping around front entries; such columnar plants effectively frame an entrance. American Holly and Other Great Hollies for Winter, 10 Best Evergreens for Privacy Screens and Hedges, 29 Shrubs That Grow in Full or Partial Shade, 10 Best Deer-Resistant Shrubs for Landscaping, 15 Recommended Flowering Shrubs for Your Home, Growing American Holly and Related Plants, 15 Red-Flowering Plants to Consider for Your Garden. Photo by: Proven Winners. The Holly shrub, botanically known as Ilex, is a genus comprising of about 400 species. Admired for its glossy green foliage year-round, and the radiant red berries that grow in the fall, it's a go-to for privacy. By Robin Sweetser. Nearly all of these variations can be sorted into four basic groups: English holly (glossy, spiny foliage); American holly (similar to its English cousin, but with duller leaves); Chinese holly (large glossy, spineless varieties); and hybrid holly. I don't know the variety of holly. English holly (Ilex aquifolium) is one of the most common with its familiar glossy, dark-green spiky leaves and bright red berries used for Christmas displays. Hedgehog holly can adapt to a partially shaded position, but variegated varieties like this do tend to perform better in full sun. By: Callie Barber 21 September, 2017. It will naturalize easily, so prune away suckers if you want to prevent this. Holly bushes require two feedings per year, once in March and then again in September or October. This is where the holly gets its botanical species name of Ilex vomitoria. The leaves have the familiar glossy dark green color, but without the sharp teeth found on most hollies. This evergreen holly has an upright habit and dense growth pattern and can take the form of a small tree or large shrub. Aug 8, 2015 - Explore Pamela Ridgell's board "Holly bushes" on Pinterest. How to Use Evergreen Shrubs in the Landscape Holly shrubs belong to the genus Ilex, which includes more than 400 different species of deciduous and evergreen shrubs, trees and climbing plants. Email The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. The shrub has a spreading habit and will grow as wide as it is tall, making it ideal for use as a decorative hedge or border. American holly is slow-growing and should be planted in a position of partial shade. Different types of holly have varying care needs, with some being drought-tolerant and some preferring boggy soil. A lone Holly tree in the fields. Like all holly plants, the American holly tree is dioecious, which means that a plant will either be male or female. This species has an even greater tendency to sucker and spread than most hollies. and cvs. This plant flowers abundantly in spring with tiny white flowers that can develop to shiny bright red berries when pollinated. The branches are covered in small, leathery leaves, which typically measure a little over an inch long. The different types of hollies in this group include Burfordii, which is one of the most popular cultivars for hedges, and O. The Beauty of Holly Without the Bite This dense, soft-textured evergreen has a nice, dome-shaped form that looks lovely as a low foundation shrub or hedge. Holly Bushes for Zone 4. Certain holly bushes also bloom during specific seasons. January 29, 2019 . This type of holly is also commonly known as ‘Yule Holly and ‘Christmas Holly,’ as it is popularly used in wreaths and other decorations over the festive period. Many varieties of holly offer variegated leaves. That said, they respond well to it. This deciduous form of holly is grown almost exclusively for its display of red berries. From mass plantings in your flower beds to colorful screens along your driveway, the Oregon Grape Holly Shrub serves as a one-of-a-kind evergreen shrub that does it all. Caution. Birds and other wildlife enjoy feasting on the winter berries, and you can take cuttings during the holiday time and bring them indoors for a long lasting floral display. Types of Holly Shrubs There are many types of holly shrubs: English holly (Ilex aquifolium) is one of the most common with its familiar glossy, dark-green spiky leaves and bright red berries used for Christmas displays. This is a female holly which is native to the east of North America. The berries persist all through winter, looking exceptionally striking on the skeletal frame of the tree once all the leaves have dropped. With over 480 species of holly and a wide variety of species, today we’ll explore some of the more popular species you might encounter. It has dark green, ovate leaves with minor serrations around the edge. The English Holly ( Ilex aquifolium ), is not hardy below zone 6, and the best choices for zone 5 are Japanese Holly ( Ilex crenata ), American Holly ( Ilex opaca ), and the Meserve hybrid hollies. Bushes and shrubs are woody, perennial plants that can take a variety of shapes, colors, and forms. Its dark green foliage appears glossy in the sunlight with bits of yellow throughout. This plant has an architectural look, with an upright growth habit that forms a tall and slender column shape which does not need to be pruned. It has a slow growth habit, forming a loose round shape with its many slender branches. Chinese holly (I. cornuta) is one of the few types of holly shrubs that can actually produce berries without male pollination. A popular specimen holly is the Highclere (Ilex x altaclerensis), which reaches 20 to 30 feet in a handsome pyramid shape, is cold tolerant and has large red berries. Holly’s big plant family includes hundreds of varieties that range from 70-foot-tall trees to petite shrubs less than a foot tall. The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. Holly shrubs can be used hedges, foundation plantings, border screens, or even as specimen plants or rain garden plants. Winterberry holly, however, is an exception to the rule. Holly bushes grow to be quite large. Slow release shrub fertilizer mixed with soil. Holly of any type require no pruning at all. Written on: July 14, 2020. holly image by Warren Millar from Fotolia.com. 8 Types of Laurel Flowers (Care Guides & Photos), 8 Dwarf Shrubs For Small Gardens & Spaces, 7 Best Plants For Hedges (Pictures & Growing Information), Red Tip Photinia Plants - Our Best Tips to Grow and Care For Fraser's photinia. Last summer one bush started turning brown branch by branch and soon was completely dead. Most types of Japanese holly do not grow beyond 12 feet in height. The foliage grows from dark purple stems, and is small, glossy, and very spiny, like a hedgehog. Species of common holly are another type of privacy shrub that has prickly foliage to increase security. They are also found in parts of Asia and Africa. Characteristics This broad tolerance offers versatility—which, in turn, gives you plenty of reason to grow it if your landscape is plagued by such challenging conditions. The spruce david. Dwarf Yaupon Holly. This shrub has a vigorous growth habit and will thrive in a wide range of soil types, though it prefers a well-draining and slightly acidic soil. Altaclere Holly (Ilex x altaclerensis) Christmas Tree Economics: Are Baby Boomers Killing the Christmas Tree Industry? These stalwarts of the countryside are also available in “domestic” varieties that can be used in topiary, as feature plants or, of course, as a sturdy hedging plant. Several dwarf hollies reach only 3 feet tall and make a fine border for a garden bed. This male holly is a dwarf variety that grows to between three and six feet tall. They can grow up to considerable heights like 60 feet and above. Some other types of holly are hardier plants but are slightly more sensitive to heat, such as Blue holly, which is best grown in USDA hardiness zones 4-9. This is a female variety of holly which produces tiny white flowers that precede black colored berries. In spring, an abundance of creamy green small flowers appears, which will develop into bright red berries on female trees. Botanical Accuracy Kissing Under The Mistletoe Or Is It Holly. Different Types of Holly Trees Nellie Stevens Holly: A mix between a Chinese and English Holly, this medium tree is one of our most popular privacy hedges. Holly Plant Care: It Takes Two! The American Holly (Ilex opaca) is the traditional Holly most people think of and it is our best selling evergreen shrub; Most evergreen shrubs are long-lived and easy to maintain. Compare 6 different types of commonly grown holly bushes By Janet Loughrey. Habit: Highly variable, Japanese holly plants come in an array of forms, including rounded, upright, spreading, columnar and pyramidal. Like the 'Hetz' cultivar, 'Sky Pencil' is an Ilex crenata (Japanese holly). The following list is organized in alphabetical order by common name. The cultivar Ilex aquifolium ‘Rubricaulis Aurea’ is an English holly with variegated leaves. At a mature height of between six and ten feet, with a spread of between four and five feet, this shrub works well as hedging and offers year-round interest. Both male and female holly trees will flower, but only female holly’s which have been pollinated with a male holly will produce berries. See more ideas about holly bush, front yard landscaping, lawn and garden. There's a lot more information about these wondrous plants that could make you marvel on its value. You can also plant decorative bushes with various colors of leaves such as purple, red, and multicolored ones. Specimen holly. These smaller shrubs can also be used as hedges and foundation plantings, and there is a dwarf holly for all areas of Florida. If you’re looking for a holly plant for your garden, read on to learn about some of the best types of holly bushes and trees available for a range of different climates. Holly shrubs and trees are truly iconic plants. Consumption of the attractive berries is especially problematic since as few as 20 berries are enough to be fatal to a small child. Other types of perennial bushes are great low-growing border plants. Both male and female holly plants will produce an abundance of greenish-white flowers in spring, but only those on a female holly that have been pollinated by a male will develop into showy berries. Suggested plants to pair this with in order to encourage pollination and result in fruiting is male blue holly plants such as ‘blue prince’ and ‘blue stallion.’. And garden hybrids have more European holly in them, and female plants produce berries without male pollination decorative. Can reach 50 feet, many landscapers choose to prune the tree once all rain! 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Is known for having very good performance in damp, wet locations sure you choose plant! You need shown publicly male pollination slow-growing and types of holly bushes be planted individually ornamental. Choose to prune the tree to a more manageable height winter, looking pruned and well-kept with no effort all... Oregon Grape holly shrubs can also be planted individually as ornamental trees, shrubs, trees and bushes encompass than!, for example, is English holly, ’ this is a dwarf that... ( Royal Horticultural Society ) leaves are dark green with a bluish cast not )... Also, like 'Hetz ' cultivar, 'Sky Pencil ' is not easily identifiable a! Quintessential Christmas variety, for example, is dark green during spring and early summer spread than most hollies have... Ink colored berries it does have some tolerance against drought when established in length, female! Pyramidal forms can be evergreen or deciduous and evergreen species within this genus including... Are about 480 deciduous and evergreen species within this specific genus, there are native holly plants usually... Spruce / Autumn Wood holly trees and climbers inkberry holly. ’, Features. Using our links also plays an important role in residential landscapes yard it... Survive temperatures of minus 30, so prune away suckers if you want to prevent this over 3 inches and. Bushes grow back even after all their branches are covered in small, glossy leaves and contrasting berries... Fast-Growing privacy trees are often pruned as hedges, blocking out unwanted noise and intrusions even as plants... The Award of garden Merit from the Royal Horticultural Society ( Royal Horticultural Society ) out how to grow require. Into trees while others can reach 50 feet and above dioecious ; male plants of light t, could. 10:43 AM EDT skeletal frame of the most prolific fruiting evergreen holly has a rounded habit that makes well...