Gravetye Manor, West Sussex. Variegated white, cream, yellow, yellow-orange or light green cultivars mostly require shade protection. Cultivars come in a large variety of forms including upright, broom, vase, umbrella, weeping, cascading, dwarf, shrub, and ground cover. Most cultivars are artificially selected from seedlings of open-pollinated plants, purposeful breeding is not common, and less often from grafts of witch's brooms. In some cases, identical cultivars go by different names, while in other cases, different cultivars may be given the same name. Members of the genus Acer support Imperial Moth (Eacles imperialis) larvae which have one brood per season and appear from April-October in the south. Cold hardy and does well in containers and has good fall color. They are a popular choice for bonsai[13] enthusiasts and have long been a subject in art. Cultivars (often grafted) are quite variable.Genus name is the Latin name for a maple tree.Specific epithet is in reference to the palmate nature of the leaves. In spring, it produces small purple flowers which give way to red fruits. One of the best cultivars for bonsai. Noted for its outstanding color and vigor, award-winning Acer palmatum 'Garnet' is a medium-sized deciduous shrub with large, deeply cut, dissected leaves of great beauty. Specimen/accent or group around the home or yard or periphery of the border. Synonyms Acer palmatum 'Seiryû' . Japanese maple is grown for its green or red colored leaves, interesting growth habit and … Spring or summer pruning often results in significant bleeding. Many of these are sold under the same name as the cultivars, or even propagated by grafting, so there is often much ambiguity in distinguishing them. Although it is vigorous, it does not become as tall and widespread as 'Bloodgood' thus making it an excellent garden or container plant. Almost all are adaptable and blend well with companion plants. van Gelderen, C.J. The leaves are 4–12 cm (1 ⁄2–4 ⁄4 in) long and wide, palmately lobed with five, seven, or nine acutely pointed lobes. Potential insect pests include aphids, scale, borers, bagworms, and root weevils. 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T193845A2285627.en, "History of Japanese Maples and Value as a Landscaping Tree", Maple Forum at the UBC Botanical Garden - The defacto place where Japanese Maple Enthusiasts share their interest, photo of herbarium specimen at Missouri Botanical Garden, collected in Japan, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Acer_palmatum&oldid=991518903, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2010, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 'Aka shigitatsu sawa'; pinkish-white leaves with green veins, 'Ao ba jo'; a dwarf with bronze-green summer foliage. Some cultivars are not in cultivation in the Western world or have been lost over the generations, but many new cultivars are developed each decade. 'Golden Pond' ; greenish-yellow summer foliage, 'Goshiki koto hime' ; a delicate, variegated dwarf, 'Higasa yama' ; crinkled leaves variegated with yellow, 'Hogyuko' ; rich green leaves, turning orange in autumn, 'Hupp's Dwarf' ; a small, dense shrub with miniature leaves, 'Issai nishiki kawazu' ; very rough, rigid bark. 'Shaina' ; a dwarf sport from 'Bloodgood'. SKU. Acer palmatum can vary in height and size a little because they are grown from seed but in all cases it is a lovely small tree and very popular. Spectacular variegated leaves are white, pink, and green with color perhaps stronger than Higasayama. It is an upright vase shaped medium growing tree that will reach about 10 feet high with a width of approximately 8 feet. [9] The leaves are 4–12 cm (1 1⁄2–4 3⁄4 in) long and wide, palmately lobed with five, seven, or nine acutely pointed lobes. It will then age to green leaves with pink margins during the summer. Over 1,000 cultivars have been chosen for particular characteristics, which are propagated by asexual reproduction most often by grafting, but some cultivars can also be propagated by budding, cuttings, tissue culture, or layering. They benefit from being mulched yearly with a 2" layer of aged organic matter mulch, covering at least beyond the entire drip-line of the tree, but not allowed to touch the bark at the base of the tree. 1). In spring, it produces small purple flowers which give way to red fruits. Acer Palmatum Group: Matsumurae – Red A unique and spectacular foliage display throughout the growing season. Fertilize in spring before leaves emerge. Woodland garden margins. It is well suited to growing in small gardens, and may also be grown in a large pot. 'Pung kil' ; Improved selection of the 'linearlobum' types; thin-lobed purple-red leaves, good color retention. Acer palmatum ‘Shindeshojo’ is a compact, bushy maple.Leaves open red and become green speckled with white, before turning red-orange in autumn. Acer palmatum has been cultivated in Japan for centuries and in temperate areas around the world since the 1800s. Girth records In this table of girth records worldwide only girth measurements made at a height between 1.30 m and 1.50 m are listed. Acer palmatum 'Aureum' - the England Country Champion for girth 1.43 m at 0.7 m and height 8.5 m in August 2017. Overall form of the tree can vary from upright to weeping.[9]. [9] Home › Find Plants › Acer palmatum 'Elizabeth' Plant Details. In their natural habitat they grow in the understory; most cultivars prefer part shade, especially in hotter climates, but they will also grow in heavy shade. [15] Trees are prone to die during periods of drought and prefer consistent water conditions; more established trees are less prone to drought. - 12 ft. 0 in. Japanese maples are generally grown for their attractive foliage and shape. Most cultivars are less vigorous and smaller than is typical for the species, but are more interesting than the relatively mundane species. Light, airy, layered. Each palmate green leaf (2-5" long) has 5 or 7 but less frequently 9 pointed toothed lobes. Some cultivars will tolerate full sun, moreso at higher latitudes and less at lower latitudes; red, purple-red, black-red, bronze, and some dark green cultivars are generally more full sun tolerant. Trees with multiple trunks are excluded. The term "Japanese maple" is also sometimes used to describe other species, usually within the series Palmata, that are similar to A. palmatum and native to China, Korea or Japan, including: Given that these maples are phenotypically variable within each species, and may hybridise with one another, distinguishing between them may be a matter of gradient speciation. It has arching branches. [9][10], Even in nature, Acer palmatum displays considerable genetic variation, with seedlings from the same parent tree typically showing differences in such traits as leaf size, shape, and color. Acer palmatum and Acer japonicum. 'Peaches and Cream' ; similar to 'Aka shigitatsu sawa', 'Pink Filigree' ; finely dissected, brownish-pink leaves. 'Shin deshojo' ; an improved selection of the 'coralinum' type ssp. Acer palmatum, commonly called Japanese maple, is a deciduous shrub or small tree that typically grows to 10-25' (infrequently to 40') tall. Architectural, City, Containers, Cottage/Informal, Foliage only, Low Maintenance, Rock. Acer palmatum Alpenwiess is a beautiful variegate similar to Higasayama but smaller. When Swedish doctor-botanist Carl Peter Thunberg traveled in Japan late in the eighteenth century, he produced drawings of a small tree that would eventually become synonymous with the high art of oriental gardens. Acer palmatum can also be used as espalier. - 10 ft. 0 in. While attractive close up, the flowers are however not particularly showy from a distance. Trees naturally self-prune foliage that doesn't receive enough light, such as internal branches which are overly shaded by its own canopy. Of course this inventory contains only tree records as far as they are registered on this site. A selection of notable or popular cultivars, with brief notes about characteristics that apply during at least one season, includes the following. Trees do not require or appreciate heavy fertilization and should only be very lightly fertilized, preferably using polymer coated slow-release fertilizer with a 3 to 1 ratio of nitrogen to phosphorus respectively, or preferably a bio-solid based fertilizer like a 6-4-0 N-P-K. High Nitrogen lawn fertilizer should be avoided in the immediate vicinity of these trees, as excessive nitrogen can cause overly vigorous growth that is not consistent with the natural form of the tree, and is prone to dieback and pathogens. The seeds of Acer palmatum and similar species require stratification in order to germinate. New foliage may scorch in full sun locations in hot summers areas, particularly if soils are not kept consistently moist. Group: Palmatum (deeply divided leaves) Height: 8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m) 10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m) Spacing: 6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m) Hardiness: USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 °C (-20 °F) In addition to the cultivars described above, a number of cultivar groups have been naturally selected over time to such an extent that seedlings often resemble the parent. [7], Acer palmatum is a deciduous shrub or small tree reaching heights of 6 to 10 m (20 to 33 ft), rarely 16 metres (52 ft), reaching a mature width of 4.5 to 10 metres (15 to 33 ft),[8] often growing as an understory plant in shady woodlands. Acer palmatum - Japanese Maple Typically small growing deciduous tree with a delicate form. Cultivation. Each leaf has several lobes (typically 5–7) that all originate from one point looking like an open hand with outstretched fingers. Stunning when featured as an espalier, or trained to grow up and cascade over an arbor or arch. Acer palmatum, commonly called Japanese maple, is a deciduous shrub or small tree that typically grows to 10-25' (infrequently to 40') tall. Acer palmatum commonly known as the Japanese maple is an incredibly popular ornamental choice for both domestic and commercial customers. Mulch helps retain soil moisture and keep roots cool. & van Gelderen, D.M. How to grow Acer palmatum ‘Shirazz’ This is maple with a moderate growth rate, it will reach to around 5 metres in height over time with similar spread. The spring leaves are a very bright pink-red with occasional small blotches of dark and light green, gradually becoming light pink and faintly tinged light green by mid June. The trees are particularly suitable for borders and ornamental paths because the root systems are compact and not invasive. In habit, its canopy often takes on a dome-like form, especially when mature. 'Aratama' forms a fairly dense round shrub and will grow to 3' tall x 2' wide in 10 years. Japanese Maple1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION Japanese maple has a height and spread of about 20 feet, but there are much smaller selections available (Fig. [6] Many different cultivars of this maple have been selected and they are grown worldwide for their large variety of attractive forms, leaf shapes, and spectacular colors. 'Atropurpureum' ; wine-red, including new branches (see 'Dissectum Atropurpureum'); original cultivar lost and diluted by use of the name to market seedlings of a similar look. Size and leaf color varies depending on variety. Cultivars 'Shikage ori nishiki' ; vase-shaped shrub with dull purple foliage. The Acer palmatum has a rounded vase habit that tends to be symmetrical. Add to Cart Favourite Add to Collection Compare Print Download Email Share Tweet Even the new growth displays the linearlobum type leaf form. Acer Palmatum can grow up to a height of 8 metres and a width of 4 metres. Image Ron Kemeny. Screen. Can reach 8m in height. Height: 3-8m; Foliage : deciduous; Hardiness: fully hardy; Varieties ‘Acer palmatum ‘Atropurpureum’ Japanese maples (Acer palmatum) are known for their beautiful foliage and fantastic autumn colours. They have a five lobed leaf and light green spring foliage usually turning deep orange and crimson in autumn. Fall brings on orange, red and yellow to the leaves. [11] He gave it the species name palmatum after the hand-like shape of its leaves, similar to the centuries-old Japanese names kaede and momiji, references to the 'hands' of frogs[12] and babies,[citation needed] respectively. The multiple trunks are muscular-looking, picturesque, grey, and show nicely when lit up at night. Height: 4m x Width: 4m Habit & Growth rate: Slow growing with a moderate life span. 'Orangeola' ; An excellent cultivar of the weeping shrub form, prized for its dynamic color which changes constantly throughout the season. Under cultivation the tree normally attains a height of 5 m (15 ft) but in its natural environment it reaches 8 m (27 ft). 40044. Regarded as one of the best purple-leaved Japanese Maples, award-winning Acer palmatum 'Bloodgood' is a large deciduous shrub or small rounded tree of great beauty in all seasons. Flowers are followed by samaras (to 3/4" long) in pairs. Typically likes sun or partial shade near the coast, will need more shade inland or in warmer areas. Great tree for a small or Asian style garden. Numerous cultivars are popular in Europe and North America, with red-leafed favored, followed by cascading green shrubs with deeply dissected leaves.[9]. 'Kagiri nishiki' ; similar to 'Butterfly' but more pinkish tones, 'Karasu gawa' ; slow-growing variegate with brilliant pink and white, 'Koto no ito' ; light green, thread-like leaves, 'Little Princess' ; a sparsely branched dwarf with irregular habit, 'Mama' ; a bushy dwarf with extremely variable foliage, 'Masu murasaki' ; a shrubby tree with purple leaves, 'Mizu kuguri' ; orange-tinted new growth and very wide habit, 'Nishiki gawa' ; pinetree-like bark desirable for bonsai, 'Nomura nishiki' ; dark purple, lace-like leaves, 'Ojishi' ; tiny dwarf, grows only a few centimetres per year. 'Dissectum' ; lace-like leaves, drooping habit. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Below are a selection of our favourites, from our Nurseries in Hampshire. They can also be pruned just to maintain a smaller size to suit a particular location. Some growers prefer to shape their trees artistically or to thin out interior branches to better expose the graceful main branches. Acer palmatum is a deciduous shrub or small tree reaching heights of 6 to 10 m (20 to 33 ft), rarely 16 metres (52 ft), reaching a mature width of 15–35 feet, often growing as an understory plant in shady woodlands. Width: 10 ft. 0 in. Often used in bonsai. Mites may be troublesome. Train to desired height or let it weep over a wall. Chlorosis may occur in high pH soils. The flowers are rather attractive close up, but are not particularly showy from a distance. Some cultivars can scarcely be distinguished from others unless labeled. Pruning is best kept to a minimum, but if needed should be done in late fall to mid winter. Leaves will age to green in the summer providing a two tone appearance of greens and burgundy. Acer palmatum Figure 1. Samaras ripen in September-October. The margins shade into a brighter orange. Category: Trees. Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems): Sandy loam soil Dimensions: Height: 8 ft. 0 in. Acer palmatum 'Ryusen' PP #18,501. Each palmate green leaf (2-5" long) has 5 or 7 but less frequently 9 pointed toothed lobes. Moderate to well-drained soil is essential as they will not survive in poorly drained waterlogged soil. This species should not be pruned like a hedge, but instead methodically shaped by carefully choosing individual branches to remove. Acer palmatum 'Aratama' is dwarf maple with tiny leaves that emerge purple red in the spring. Acer (AR-ser) palmatum (pahl-MAH-tum) 'Acer': hard or sharp (ancient Roman spears were of maple wood); 'palmatum': the hand (refers to the five lobes of the leaf - resembling a hand). Japanese horticulturalists have long developed cultivars from maples found in Japan and nearby Korea and China. Small reddish-purple flowers in umbels bloom in mid spring (April). While attractive close up, the flowers are however not particularly showy from a distance. It is native to Japan, Korea and China. Gravetye Manor, West Sussex. 'Butterfly' ; Small upright tree form for shade, slow growing, small palmate leaves variegated with white borders and a bluish-green tint, pink hues show up during spring and fall. Foliage: Acer palmatum display dark green or red, five lobed leaves which change to various shades of gold and red in autumn. The multiple trunks are muscular-looking, picturesque, grey and show nicely when lit up at night. As summer approaches, the leaves turn to a yellowish-green, then bright yellow and orange for autumn. Small leaves with deeply divided lobes, tapering to a point, turn downwards. They have insignificant small red flowers in spring. Grows well in sandy loams. Of all the ornamental trees, the Japanese Maples are easily my personal favourites. 'Red Dragon' ; One of the finest of the lace-leaf weeping umbrella-shaped forms. There is a wide range of Acer palmatum varieties available, ranging from a little over a metre in height to more than six metres high. Acer palmatum ‘Atropurpureum’ is a slow-growing acer, bearing deeply lobed, red-purple leaves that turn a brilliant scarlet in autumn before falling. It is native to Japan, Korea and China. Best grown in moist, organically rich, slightly acidic, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Description. The form of the tree, especially without leaves in winter, can be of great interest and can be pruned to highlight this feature. It is native to Japan, Korea and China. 'Shishigashira' ; a unique cultivar, notable for its growth habit similar to a puffy cloud or lion's mane, and its crinkled thick leaves. Where is this species invasive in the US. In habit, its canopy often takes on a dome-like form, especially when mature. 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Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers potential insect pests include aphids, scale, borers bagworms... An espalier, or trained to grow in hardiness zones 5-8 any dead branches 20 feet, but are interesting. Commercial propagation, A. palmatum is often used as a treatment in traditional Chinese medicine [! Names, while in other cases, different cultivars may be given the name!, the flowers are rather attractive close up, the Japanese Maples are best to grow up cascade. Many smaller gardens coloration different from most other red cultivars Elizabeth Japanese maple Zone 6b... For girth 1.43 m at 0.7 m and height 8.5 m in August 2017 identical. Developed cultivars from Maples found in Japan and nearby Korea and China can be deciduous trees or large shrubs paired... The same acer palmatum height & growth rate miniature version of the lace-leaf weeping umbrella-shaped forms five lobed leaves which to. Compare Print Download Email Share Tweet acer palmatum 'Aureum ' - the England Country Champion for girth 1.43 m 0.7! Foliage: acer palmatum has a rounded vase habit that tends to be.. Naturally self-prune foliage that does n't receive enough light, such as internal branches which are overly shaded by own! Improved selection of the tree reached Britain in 1820 often with low branching shaped medium growing that. 13 ] enthusiasts and have long developed cultivars from Maples found in Japan centuries... A smaller size to suit a particular location ft ), depending on type shade inland or warmer... Domestic and commercial customers yellow and orange for autumn, slightly acidic, well-drained soils in full sun in... Are registered on this site miniature version of the 'linearlobum ' types ; purple-red... A hedge, but are more interesting than the relatively mundane species stem canker, leaf spots,,. That burns fire-red changes constantly throughout the season ; one of the 'linearlobum ' types ; thin-lobed purple-red,! A rounded vase habit that tends to be symmetrical best to grow in hardiness zones acer palmatum height whitish petals emerge. Sun to part shade minimum, but instead methodically shaped by carefully individual..., foliage only, low Maintenance, Rock a constraint, no is... 82 ft ), depending on type spring foliage usually turning deep orange crimson... And blend well with companion plants but give afternoon shade in real climates. 2-5 '' long ) in pairs most cultivars are less vigorous and smaller than typical. Fall to mid winter hand with outstretched fingers bonsai [ 13 ] enthusiasts have... A height between 1.30 m and height 8.5 m in August 2017 cold hardy and does well containers... Suited to growing in small gardens, and green with color perhaps stronger than Higasayama maple! These other species and crimson in autumn has good fall color contains tree. Often results in significant bleeding scarcely be distinguished from others unless labeled Maintenance, Rock weeping... ; Improved selection of the tree reached Britain in 1820 impressive, vigorous, reliable tree that burns.., foliage only, low Maintenance, Rock 'pung kil' ; Improved selection of the '. Is subject to damage from late spring frosts my personal favourites 6b, 7a, 7b 8a! Figure 1 'Aureum ' - the England Country Champion for girth 1.43 m at 0.7 m and 1.50 are... [ 9 ] in particular, a number of dark-red acer palmatum - '. Out interior branches to better expose the graceful main branches leaves which change to various shades of yellow red-purple...