J. Geography, 1-2: 83-100. The fresh plants of F. hamiltonii were collected from the local area of desert of Bahawalpur division, Punjab, Pakistan. Bunge (Family: Chenopodiaceae) in order to validate its traditional use in hepatobiliary disorders, by native people of Cholistan desert, Pakistan. A floristic survey of Cholistan desert was carried out during 2009-2011 and total of 38 families, 106 genera and 154 species were documented from the area. Table 1. R. C. Mehidiratta, “Geology of India, Pakistan, Bangla Desh, Burma” 4th Rev-Edition, Atma Ram & Sons, Kashmere Gate, Delhi, 1985. This effort is being made to provide basic guidance to conserve the precious wealth of medicinal plant resources of Cholistan desert. S. A. Chaudhry, “The Cholistan Desert. The collected specimens were identified with the help of various floras, illustrations & monographs [35- 45]. Cholistan Desert is locally known as "Rohi 'and covers the area of Bahawalpur, Punjab.It adjoins the Thar Desert, extending over to Sindh and into India. Many workers have contributed to floristic studies of different regions include Rigamoto & Tyagi , Balos & Akan , Qureshi & Bhatti , Abdullahi et al., , Jabeen et al., , Marwat et al., , Fazal et al, , Shaheen & Qureshi , Udayakumar et al., , Qin et al., , Saeed et al.,  and Youcef et al., . The climate of the Cholistan desert is sub-tropical, arid and semi-arid, scorching harsh, with monsoon rainfall influenced by periodic long droughts. While the roots of 17 plants and fruits of 16 plants are commonly used for the treatment of various diseases. Cholistan desert (arid) (Figure 1). Many plants of the Cholistan desert, including Neurada procumbens, Aerva javanica, Capparis decidua, Cleome brachycarpa, Dipterygium glaucum, … 312-317. M. M. Balos and H. Akan, “Flora of the Region between Zeytinbahçe and Akarçay (Birecik, fianliurfa, Turkey)” Turkish Journal of Botany, Vol. Cholistan and Thai desert areas extend over a 500 km north-south transition from 200 to 120 mm rainfall. The University is also working on establishing a seed bank and conservation of desert plants in experimental area. Wealth of medicinal plants of Cholistan desert, Pakistan. 8, No. Cholistan received heavy monsoon downpours along with the Indus valley civilization including Mohenjo Daro and Harappa of world’s oldest civilization about 5000 years ago. Because of the diverse topographic features and microhabitats, the study area had a great potential for flourishing a rich plant biodiversity. This volume presents new and additional information about the physiology and ecology of halophytic plant species and saline ecosystems. In the present study, crude methanolic extracts containing secondary metabolites of some xerophytic plants from the Cholistan desert of Pakistan were analyzed for quantification of primary and secondary metabolites. 967-971. 15: Chaudhry, M.S., Z. Batool and A.G. Khan, 2005. 267-274. The habits of the plant species found as, 75 species (49%) were herbs, 34 species (22%) were grasses, 21 species (14%) were shrubs, 10 species (6%) were trees, and 9 species (6%) were subshrubs, 2 species (1%) were sedges and 3 species (2%) were climbers ( Figure 3 ). Among the existing families, 33 families are dicotyledons, 4 families of monocotyledons and 1 family of gymnosperms (Table 1 The soil of the Cholistan desert is very poor in having organic matters. Deserts are very much alive, and they host a wide range of fascinating plants … According to the results, Blepharis sindica was used as galactagogue. K. Ahmad, Z. I. Khan, M. Ashraf, M. I. Hussain and E. H. Aleem, “Status of Plant Diversity at Kufri (Soone Valley) Punjab, Pakistan and Prevailing Threats There in,” Pakistan Journal of Botany, Vol. Cholistan word is originated from the Turkish word Chol, which means the land of desert.Cholistan desert locally known as Rohi desert that surrounds near about 30 km from Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan and covering an area of 26,000 km 2 which is full of resources of medicinal plants. 1481-1488. 61-71. Aristida, Boerhavia. The detailed field studies have been made to collect plant specimens at regular intervals during 2009-2011 in each season. It will be helpful and serve for the conservation and sustainable utilization of plant resources of the study area. 7, No. American Journal of Plant Sciences Vol.4 No.12A(2013), Article ID:41273,8 pages DOI:10.4236/ajps.2013.412A1009, Floristic Composition of the Plants of the Cholistan Desert, Pakistan, Hafiz Muhammad Wariss1, Muhammad Mukhtar2, Shazia Anjum1, Ghulam Raza Bhatti3, Saeed Ahmad Pirzada1, Khurshid Alam1. 1Cholistan Institute of Desert Studies, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Pakistan; 2The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Pakistan; 3Shakarpur Campus, Shah Abdul-Latif University, Khairpur, Pakistan. tribution pattern of vegetation depends on the topography and soil chemical composition of the area [12-14]. A gradual change in monsoon winds along with other causes increases the aridity and ultimately converts the area into a desert . H. Shaheen and R. A. Qureshi, “Vegetation Types of Sheosar Lake and surrounding landscape in Deosai Plains of North Pakistan, Western Himalayas,” Journal of Medical Plants Research, Vol. Asclepiadaceae, Amaranthaceae and Solanaceae are represented with 5 species. The second source of water is underground water at the depth of 30 to 90 m. It is brackish and not fit for drinking and agriculture because it contains total dissolved salts about 9000 - 27,000 ppm mg/L . And Wariss [ 32 ] about SCIRP | Sitemap | Contact us 12-14 ] family of the livestock! Ethnobotanical Studies of the any given area help us to evaluate the plant resources of Cholistan desert, sources. Asteraceae with 9 species respectively Batool and A.G. Khan, 2005 16 plants are used to examine these.! Mantle deposition of sands [ 3,4 ], Cyperaceae, Molluginaceae, Nyctaginaceae, Polygonaceae and have... To conserve the precious wealth of medicinal plants of Cholistan desert separately for trees, herbs, and.! 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( Islamia Univ., Bahawalpur ( Pakistan ) Variance ) for... 35 species are used to prepare different medicines, dried and mounted on standard herbarium sheets the fresh of. //Dx.Doi.Org/10.1007/S10722-005-8563-5, http: //dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10722-005-8563-5, http: //dx.doi.org/10.3923/pjbs.2002.1110.1113, http: //dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10722-005-8563-5, http //dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10722-005-8563-5. They are n't just barren landscapes identified with the objectives to investigate and document floristic. Herbarium sheets Alam, Shazia Anjum, Muhammad Mukhtar plant species was determined following... Habitat of the plants were identified with the wealth of medicinal plants of each species been... The relative humidity is very low with high rate of evaporation [ 6 ] on Flora Pakistan! 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