The first building was built by Marcus Agrippa around 27 AD to celebrate the victory of his father-in-law, the emperor Augustus, at Actium over Antony and Cleopatra. The walls and floor of the rotunda are decorated with marble and gilt and the domed ceiling contains five rings of 28 rectangular coffers. The Parthenon is one of the most well-known pieces of Ancient Greek architecture. Dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena, the Parthenon sits high atop a compound of temples known as the Acropolis of Athens. Throughout the centuries, the ...read more, Ephesus was an ancient port city whose well-preserved ruins are in modern-day Turkey. It was the first known democracy in the world. The first Pantheon was built in 27 B.C. The present-day Pantheon is located on the site of an earlier structure of the same name, constructed around 25 B.C. Introduction. The primary purpose of the previous temple was to house a … Over the centuries, the Acropolis was many things: a home to kings, a ...read more, Mycenae is an ancient city located on a small hill between two larger hills on the fertile Argolid Plain in Peloponnese, Greece. The original Pantheon of Rome was built between 27 & 25 B.C.E., under Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa. It’s uncertain why, but Hadrian put Agrippa’s original inscription on the new Pantheon—“Marcus Agrippa the son of Lucius, three times consul, made this”—which led to centuries of years of confusion about its origins. With strong ties to Paris’ tumultuous … In designing the Parthenon, the designers made use of both the Doric and Ionic architectural styles. Other statues contained in the Parthenon were pediments which were described by Pausanias. Rome's layered history: the Castel Sant'Angelo. It is the best-preserved of all Roman buildings and the oldest important building in the world with its original roof intact. The walls are marked by … In the year 27 BC, the first Pantheon was built by Marco Vipsanio Agrippa, General of Emperor Caesar Augustus in the first century before Christ. It was built to celebrate the victory and Athens political, economic and cultural superiority. The term ‘pan’ means all and ‘theon’ means the gods in Greek. The British Museum The Pantheon was built on marshy, unstable earth which gave a serious supporting problem to its builders. It was secularized during the French Revolution and dedicated to the memory of great Frenchmen, receiving the name Panthéon. The U.S. Capitol rotunda was inspired by the Pantheon, as were various American state capitols. by statesman Marcus Agrippa, and is thought to have been designed as a temple for Roman gods. The Pantheon is a building in Rome which was originally built as a temple to the seven deities of the seven planets in the Roman state religion, but which has been a Christian church since the 7th century. The structure, completed around 126-128 A.D. during the reign of Emperor Hadrian, features a rotunda with a massive domed ceiling that was the largest of its kind when it was built. The Parthenon housed some popular structures such as the statue of Athena Parthenos which was made from gold and ivory. Agrippa built the original Pantheon in honor of his and Augustus’ military victory at the Battle of Actium in 31 B.C.E.—one of the defining moments in the establishment of the Roman Empire (Augustus would go on to become the first Emperor of Rome). by emperor Marcus Agrippa, and according to Roman mythology the Pantheon stands on the spot where Romulus was carried away by an eagle after he died. It was the first Roman pagan temple to be consecrated as a Christian church. Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. Due to the complexity of its design as well as its beauty, architects consider the Parthenon to be the perfect example of Doric architectural style. The Pantheon’s design has influenced countless buildings throughout history, across Europe and throughout the Americas. © 2020 A&E Television Networks, LLC. The ancient Romans were skilled at concrete construction. Theories abound. Who built it and why? During the invasion of the Persians into the Athenian territory, they destroyed the Older Parthenon which was another reason why the Athenians constructed the Parthenon. The decoration of the Parthenon lasted for several more years until 432 BCE. In 476, the German warrior Odoacer conquered the western half of the Roman Empire, where Rome was situated. It burned in the great fire of 80 AD, was rebuilt by Emperor Domitian, but was struck by lightning and burned again in 110 AD. It was destroyed by a fire in the year 80. A traditional rectangular temple, first built by AgrippaThe conventional understanding of the Pantheon’s genesis, which held from 1892 until very recently, goes something like this. After its fiery destruction, the Pantheon was reconstructed by Emperor Hadrian somewhere between 118-128 AD. The architectural style used in constructing the Parthenon has long been a subject of fascination for historians and architects. National Gallery of Art.The Pantheon William L. MacDonald. Among these building projects was a defensive fortification, now referred to as Hadrian’s Wall, marking the northwest frontier of the Roman Empire. The Hagia Sophia is an enormous architectural marvel in Istanbul, Turkey, that was originally built as a Christian basilica nearly 1,500 years ago. The Pantheon proved an important influence for the great Renaissance architect Andrea Palladio, as well as countless architects who followed, in Europe and beyond. Much like the Eiffel Tower in Paris or the Parthenon in Athens, the Hagia Sophia is a long-enduring symbol of the cosmopolitan ...read more, Delphi was an ancient religious sanctuary dedicated to the Greek god Apollo. by statesman Marcus Agrippa, son-in-law of the first Roman emperor, Augustus. Callicrates was famous for designing the Temple of Nike. The first fundamental concept is that as you move upwards Pantheon is built with gradually lighter elements. Today, it is the oldest most intact ancient Roman building in the world. The opening measures 8.2m in diameter and is also referred to as ‘The Eye of the Pantheon’. The name comes from two Greek words pan, everything and theon, divine. It was dedicated to 12 gods of heaven and focused on Augustus’ cult and Romans believed that Romulus ascended to heaven from this spot. Measuring 142 feet in diameter, the domed ceiling was the largest of its kind when it was built. This system was comprised of three ...read more, 1. Pantheon, building in Rome that was begun in 27 BC by the statesman Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, probably as a building of the ordinary Classical temple style. Before the Parthenon was built, the residents of Athens worshipped at an older structure referred to as the Older Parthenon. Passionate about art and architecture, he embarked on a building campaign during his reign, which lasted until his death in 138. It was dedicated to 12 gods of heaven and focused on Augustus' cult. by the consul Agrippa, Prefect of the Emperor Augustus, the present building is the result of subsequent, heavy restructuring. The most surprising thing about Pantheon is how a such impressive building remained up for nearly 2000 years! by Marcus Agrippa but in 80 A.D. it was destroyed by fire. It’s impossible to miss the Panthéon in the 5th Arondissement, with its towering spire and ancient Roman pillars providing a stunning change of scenery amidst the Parisian buildings. The Pantheon's record-breaking dome. 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